Examples of AIM Data in Use
Decision-makers use AIM information to improve management of many different resources at the local, regional, and national levels. These include environmental assessments for grazing permit authorizations, wildlife habitat assessments that may cross administrative boundaries, and informing Congress of the status of the public lands in the United States, to name a few. How AIM data is used depends on management goals and the monitoring objectives identified in your Monitoring Design Worksheet (see sidebar section of this page for details).
Below are several examples of how AIM data has been used for different resource areas and purposes. Each example has clear management goals and quantitative monitoring objectives that were able to be interpreted in order to make sound management decisions. We hope you find these AIM resources and examples useful in implementing your management decisions.
Additional information on AIM data use examples may be viewed through recent AIM Webinars.
Adaptive Monitoring in Support of Adaptive Management Rangelands Special Issue
Effectiveness Monitoring - Treatment, Reclamation, and Restoration
Land treatments, including restoration, reclamation, and rehabilitation, are important land management tools. The goal of treatment and restoration effectiveness monitoring is answering the question, "Were treatment and restoration projects effective?”. Collecting AIM data as part of effectiveness monitoring enables the BLM to measure ecosystem response to vegetation treatments so that we can understand the consequences of management actions and to share this knowledge in a scientifically sound manner. Monitoring is the critical feedback loop that allows land managers to constantly improve land rehabilitation and restoration plans based on the new knowledge gained from field measurements. In the BLM, this local level effectiveness monitoring is commonly used to evaluate post-fire rehabilitation treatments, restoration projects (e.g., stream restoration, wildlife habitat restoration, etc.), and fuel reduction treatments.
Stream Reclamation Effectiveness Following Placer Mining in Eastern Interior, Alaska
Hands-On Restoration: The Hawley Creek Story
Rush Fire, Emergency Stabilization & Rehabilitation (ESR) Treatments, and Utilizing AIM for Monitoring Treatment Effectiveness
Fuels Monitoring with SageSTEP: Sagebrush Steppe Treatment Evaluation Project
Grazing Permit Authorizations and Renewals
A key question for authorizing or renewing grazing permits is whether the condition of the allotment meets management objectives, such as Land Health Standards (LHS). AIM core indicator data can be used along with other data to address this question. Additional information used along side AIM data may include use-based monitoring or condition monitoring for a specific area of the allotment (such as special status species habitat).
Three Creeks Land Health Assessment and Evaluation
BLM Technical Note 453: Guide to Using AIM and LMF Data in Land Health Evaluations and Authorizations of Permitted Uses
BLM Technical Note 455: Applying and Interpreting Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) Data at the Field Office Level: An Example
Greater Sage-grouse Habitat Assessment Framework (HAF)
BLM’s management of Greater sage-grouse (GRSG) habitats requires information across large populations as well as in specific habitat types. Working with the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), the BLM has increased the sampling density of the Landscape Monitoring Framework (LMF) that utilizes the AIM terrestrial core indicators across the range of the Greater sage-grouse to increase our understanding of the status and condition of these habitats. Importantly, data collection is being driven by sage-grouse management questions, but these data are not limited to sage-grouse applications in the future. These same data can be used for other wildlife habitat questions and also for recreation, grazing, and reclamation success. AIM terrestrial core indicator data is also being collected to complete the Habitat Assessment Framework (HAF) and inform local decision-making.
Habitat Assessment Summary Report for the Beatys Butte Fine-Scale Assessment Area, Southern OR and Northern NV
Jim Sage Allotment Livestock Grazing Permit Renewal EA (Appendix F - Habitat Assessment Summary Report) (Appendix G - Management Unit Supplement to GRSG Habitat Summary Report)
Application of AIM Data to a GRSG Habitat Assessment in Oregon
Lakeview, OR HAF Analysis Example
BLM Technical Reference 6710-1: Sage-grouse Habitat Assessment Framework, A Multiscale Assessment Tool
Land Use Planning and Effectiveness Evaluation
Land use plans ensure that the public lands are managed in accordance with the intent of Congress as stated in Federal Land Policy and Management Act (FLPMA, 43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), under the principles of multiple use and sustained yield. As required by FLPMA and BLM policy, the public lands must be managed in a manner that “protects the quality of scientific, scenic, historical, ecological, environmental, air and atmospheric, water resource, and archaeological values; that, where appropriate, will preserve and protect certain public lands in their natural condition; that will provide food and habitat for fish and wildlife and domestic animals; that will provide for outdoor recreation and human occupancy and use; and that recognizes the Nation’s need for domestic sources of minerals, food, timber, and fiber from the public lands by encouraging collaboration and public participation throughout the planning process” (Land Use Planning Handbook). Land use plans are one of the primary mechanisms for guiding BLM activities to achieve our mission and goals. AIM terrestrial and aquatics core indicators provide information about many land use plan objectives and thus whether land use plans are effective.
Developing Management Objectives for Wadeable Streams (Open File Report #129) (Open File Report #169)
Lotic AIM in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska (BLM Access Only)
Land Use Plan Effectiveness Monitoring for Utah Rivers and Streams
Monitoring to Assess Attainment of Land Health Standards related to Water Quality in the Green River District, Utah
A Statewide Assessment of BLM-Managed Streams and Rivers in Idaho (Full Report) (Summary Report)
Rangeland Resource Assessment/Western Rivers and Streams Assessment
Due to the cross-program, cross-ecosystem relevance of AIM core indicators and methods, AIM is a useful tool for nationwide monitoring efforts. The public lands are facing increasingly complex and widespread environmental challenges that transcend traditional management boundaries. These challenges include managing wildfire; controlling weeds and insect outbreaks; providing for energy development and urban growth; and addressing pervasive impacts from the effects of climate change. In partnership with other agencies, including the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), AIM is providing information to better address these challenges.
Greater Sage-Grouse Plan Implementation: Rangewide Monitoring Report for 2015-2020
BLM 2011 Rangeland Resource Assessment
NRCS National Resources Inventory
Society for Rangeland Management Presentations
AIM Symposia at SRM annual meetings
Two full-day AIM symposia have occurred during the annual meeting of the Society for Range Management (SRM), in 2015 and 2018. During the symposia, monitoring leads and partners spoke about their AIM efforts and how they inform management decisions. Topics also included underpinning concepts of AIM, such as maintaining information quality and integration with remote sensing.
You can view these, and other recordings, here.
SRM 2021: USDA-NRCS Grazingland Rational Resource Inventory: History and Current Applications
SRM 2021: Adaptive Management for Adaptive Monitoring
SRM 2022: Applying Long-Term Monitoring Data to Rangeland Science.