The PCA Federal Committee works to identify and recommend, as appropriate, priority conservation needs for native plants and their habitats, and coordinate implementation of programs for addressing those needs. It serves as a forum for coordination and implementation of a national native plant conservation program, consisting of public education and outreach, research, conservation actions, native plant materials development coordination, databases and information exchange, and international programs. The PCA Federal Committee is chaired by Peggy Olwell, Plant Conservation Program Lead for the Bureau of Land Management.
The 12 Federal Agencies that make up the Federal Committee are the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, Federal Highway Administration, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution, United States Botanic Garden, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service, USDA Forest Service, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and U.S. Geological Survey.