Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) Sec. 17(d)(1) withdrew all unreserved public lands in Alaska for 90 days. During that time the Secretary was required to review the public lands to determine if any of the lands should be withdrawn to ensure the public interest in the lands was protected. Some of the withdrawals created by this section of ANCSA identified additional lands for selection by ANCSA Native Corporations and the State of Alaska. These withdrawals had a secondary purpose of classification for protection of the public interests. The withdrawals are what we now call “d-1 withdrawals.”

In many cases, the original purpose of the d-1 withdrawals is no longer applicable; however, without land use planning guidance for these lands, revocation cannot take place. 

In 2004, the Alaska Land Transfer Acceleration Act (ALTAA) Sec. 207, addressed the lingering d-1 withdrawals.  ALTAA required the Secretary review the d-1 withdrawals to determine if any portion of the withdrawn lands can be opened for entry under the public land laws. 

In 2006, BLM Alaska prepared the required Sec. 207 report on the withdrawals for the Secretary, which was then submitted to Congress. The report recommended revoking the d-1 withdrawals on approximately 50.1 million acres in Alaska of BLM-managed land. In the report, the BLM recommended that the land use planning process provided the most appropriate way to address review of these withdrawals. The report also recommended maintaining d-1 withdrawals on approximately 6.7 million acres until a more appropriate withdrawal or land management prescription can be put into place through the land use planning process.

In 2018, BLM Alaska revoked the first set of d-1 withdrawals in the Goodnews Bay area per the recommendation of the Bay Resource Management Plan.

Revoking D-1 Withdrawals

The Department of the Interior began acting upon the recommendations in the Sec. 207 Report and revoking d-1 withdrawals in 2018.

Goodnews Bay Area PLO #7874  (October 4, 2018): Partial revocation of PLOs  #5179, #5180, #5181, #5184, and #5188

Fortymile Area PLO #7879 (July 10, 2019): Partial revocation of Public Land Orders No. 5173, 5178, 5179, 5180, 5184, 5186 and 5187, Alaska

Bering Glacier  – PLO #7880 (July 10, 2019): Partial revocation of Public Land Orders No. 5176 and 5179, Alaska

Kobuk-Seward Pen -  PLO# 7899 (January 19, 2021): Revocation of Public Land Orders No. 5169, 5170,  5171, 5173, 5179, 5180, 5184, 5186, 5187, 5188, and 5353, Alaska

Learn more about d-1 Withdrawal Revocation


Chelsea Kreiner
Realty Specialist
(907) 271-4205