Cotoni-Coast Dairies
Green pasture next to the ocean.

Overview 

Green pasture with cows

Cotoni-Coast Dairies is an onshore unit of the California Coastal National Monument. Near Davenport in Santa Cruz County, Cotoni-Coast Dairies extends from the steep slopes of the Santa Cruz Mountains to the marine coastal terraces overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Vibrant riparian areas follow along stream corridors, with red alder and arroyo willow forests dominating the vegetative community. Beyond supporting riparian and wetland communities, Cotoni-Coast Dairies' waterways provide important habitat for anadromous and freshwater fish as well as water for the city of Santa Cruz and surrounding communities. 

Cotoni-Coast Dairies was donated to the BLM in 2014 by The Trust for Public Land. The property is distinguished by broad marine terraces separated by six forested, perennial streams that flow from the Santa Cruz Mountains into the Pacific Ocean. The area supports a wide variety of habitats and wildlife, including coho salmon, steelhead trout, California red-legged frogs, mule deer and mountain lions. A phased approach to recreation development will help protect the property’s sensitive biological and cultural resources. The plan identifies half the area as core habitat for fish and wildlife that will have limited recreational access. 

 

History

Old Dairy Building at Cotoni Coast Dairies

Prior to European arrival, the Cotoni Tribe made their home on the coastal prairie known today as Cotoni-Coast Dairies. In addition to the Cotoni Tribe, many indigenous peoples thrived along the Monterey Bay coast and was a stronghold until European arrival and colonization.  

The arrival of Spanish missions forced indigenous peoples from their lands and traditional way of life. Subsequently, the lands were divided among European settlers through the Spanish land grant system. 

In the 1860s, Swiss farming families acquired the land from Spanish grantees and developed the site into a dairy. The families continued to farm the land for more than a century.  

In 1998, conservation groups bought the property to prevent private development. About 400 acres were donated to California for a state park and most of the rest was transferred to the BLM in 2014. 

Today, the BLM collaborates with the local tribes on cultural and archeological surveys and to develop recreation trails that ensure important cultural resources are not impacted. Additionally, the BLM is working with local tribes and community partners to put together educational and interpretive materials that provide an indigenous perspective. 

Photo Album

Coast Dairies: A Landmark for Conservation on the California Coast

Notices  

BLM News Release for Supplementary Rules

Federal Register Notice for Supplementary Rules

Cotoni-Coast Dairies Locator Map

Quick Facts 

Created:  January 12, 2017 
Size:  5,843 acres of public land 

News 

BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT APPROVES NEW ACCESS TO CALIFORNIA COASTAL NATIONAL MONUMENT – June 23, 2021 

Quick Links 

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Contact Us 

Mailing Address: 

940 2nd Avenue 
Marina, CA 93933 

Email:BLM_CA_Web_CC@blm.gov 
Phone: 831-582-2200 
Fax: 831-582-2266 
TTY/Federal Relay System: 711