Close up of greater sage grouse. Photo by Bob Wick, BLM.

Greater Sage-Grouse

Conserving an Icon of the American West

Greater Sage-Grouse are an icon of the American West, their booming mating calls at dawn a signature of the great sagebrush sea that covers much of that region. 

As the bird's name suggests, it relies on this habitat to survive. As the American West has become more and more urbanized over the last 100 years, Greater Sage-Grouse populations have declined as their habitat has been lost to development, invasive weeds and wildfire.


The BLM manages tens of millions of acres of sage-steppe landscapes on which some 350 species of plants and wildlife depend and where many people find livelihood and recreation. In the years 2016 though 2018, the BLM actively improved nearly 1.5 million acres of  sagebrush-steppe in the West through conifer removal, fuel breaks, invasive species removal, and habitat protection and restoration.  Additional acres are conserved or restored each year by state and local government agencies and private and non-governmental partners.

Read about BLM policy guidance for Greater Sage-Grouse habitat management.


Greater Sage-Grouse is a state-managed wildlife species that depends on sagebrush-steppe ecosystems managed in partnership by federal, state and local authorities. Shared responsibilities mean that it makes sense for the BLM as the largest land manager to align its strategies with the state agencies responsible for managing the species.

The BLM is working to better align its resource management plans (RMPs) with respective state wildlife management plans.