General Land Office 200 Year Anniversary
The Bureau of Land Management was officially established in 1946, but it has roots dating back two hundred years, since the foundation of the General Land Office (GLO) in 1812. The "Gateway to Land Ownership" as it was colloquially dubbed, helped millions of Americans in the 19th and 20th centuries acquire public lands for private and agricultural usage, while simultaneously generating income for the Federal Government.
In April 2012, the GLO celebrated its 200th birthday! The BLM Oregon/Washington invites you to learn more about our historic lands and the enduring legacy of the General Land Office.
History of the GLO in Oregon
BLM is proud to announce the release of this new book that provides an in-depth look at Oregon's history through the eyes of the General Land Office. In 1812, the General Land Office or GLO was established as a federal agency within the Department of the Treasury. The GLO's primary responsibility was to oversee the survey and sale of lands deemed by the newly formed United States as "public domain" lands. The GLO was eventually transferred to the Department of the Interior in 1849 where it would remain for the next ninety-seven years. The GLO is an integral piece in the mosaic of Oregon's history.
Today the imprint of the GLO on Oregon's landscape is unmistakable in its cardinally-oriented roads and property lines. However, the story of the GLO in Oregon runs deeper than mapping and surveying the lands. As agents of the United States, GLO surveyors operated under the umbrella of United States' public land laws and policies and treaty-making with Indian tribes. This free book is just a small, but fascinating piece of Oregon's history and the role played by the GLO! Download your free copy here (PDF).
Commemorating 200 Years of the General Land Office
Two hundred years ago, the General Land Office (GLO) opened its doors for business. Today that "land office business" continues at the Bureau of Land Management-Eastern States Office, which will commemorate the occasion with events scheduled throughout the year.
- National BLM GLO Website
- GLO to the BLM timeline
- GLO Gallery
- GLO Records
- Historic GLO Photos
- BLM Revisits Old West (Historic GLO photos)
- Homestead Act 150 Year Anniversary
- GLO Fact Sheet (PDF)
Today's General Land Office
View a brief tour of the GLO at BLM's Eastern States Office, including the fireproof vault, document scanning, and bindery.