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Key to Poster

Human Use of Caves

Bats and Caves


Karst and Nonkarst Watershed Models

Cave Creations

Bat Babies

Life in the Dark


Based on an article in
Science & Children Magazine,
Published by the National Science Teachers Association, October 2002

About the Authors and Artist

Bibi Booth, Shelly Fischman, and Betsy Wooster are Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Environmental Education Specialists; Richard Brook is a BLM Archaeologist; and Jim Goodbar is a BLM Cave Specialist.


The authors would like to express their appreciation to the following people for their assistance with this article: Pat Barker, Celia Boddington, Kevin Flynn, Mark Goldbach, Craig Harmon, Joelle McCarthy, Garth Portillo, Chris Ross, Stephanie Sironen, Gary Smith, Peg Sorensen, Fred Stabler, Brenda Wilkinson, all of BLM; and Barbara French of Bat Conservation International.

References and Resources

American Cave Conservation Association 

The Archaeology of Hidden Cave, Nevada

Bat Conservation International, Inc.

Biospeleology: The Biology of Caves, Karst, and Groundwater 

California Underground: Our Caves and Subterranean Habitats

The Great Basin BLM Collections

Kentucky Geological Survey, Earth Science Education Network

National Outdoor Leadership School. 1998. Leave No Trace Outdoor Skills and Ethics: Caving. To order: 1-800-332-4100;

National Park Service Carlsbad Caverns Curriculum Materials

National Park Service Mammoth Cave Curriculum Materials  

National Park Service: More Than Skin Deep-A Teacher's Guide to Caves and Groundwater

National Speleological Society

U.S. Geological Survey, "Exploring Caves"

Veni, G., et al. 2001. Living with Karst: A Fragile Foundation. American Geological Institute, Environmental Awareness Series, #4. To order: 703-379-2480

White, J.L. 1932. Jim White's Own Story.
Carlsbad Caverns Guadalupe Mountains Association.
To order: 505-785-2232, x480;