Forests and Woodlands Management

One fourth of the lands – 58 million acres -- managed by the BLM are forests or woodlands. These make up an important part of the BLM’s multiple-use mission and are managed for a variety of critical uses for the benefit of all Americans. Forest and woodland management produces traditional products such as lumber, plywood, and paper as well as other uses such as poles, greenery, biomass for energy production, and fuelwood for personal use while maintaining high-quality wildlife habitat.

The BLM’s forests and woodlands are comprised of the highly productive Oregon & California (O&C) lands in western Oregon (2.3 million acres) and the public domain lands scattered across the 13 Western states including Alaska.

The O&C Act (Public Law 75-405) requires that the O&C lands be managed for permanent forest production in conformance with the principle of sustained yield for the purpose of providing a permanent source of timber supply, protecting watersheds, regulating stream flow, contributing to the economic stability of local communities and industries, and providing recreational opportunities.

The management of the public domain lands is focused on forest health restoration, reducing the risk of catastrophic wildfire, and forest product sales by commercial green and salvage timbersales as well as personal use permits.

The BLM uses authorities such as Stewardship contracting, Good Neighbor, and Tribal Forest Protection Act as well as implementing a biomass utilization strategy.

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