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Fish, Wildlife, and Plant Conservation

Special Status Species

The BLM conserves habitat for “special status” species that occur on BLM-managed lands.

Special status species include species that are Federally listed as "threatened" or "endangered" under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

The BLM has compiled a list of Federally-listed species occurring on BLM-managed public lands, available here: Threatened and Endangered Species on BLM-Managed Public Lands, 2009.

For more detailed information on listed species, consult the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's endangered species webpages at

Non-listed Special Status Species

BLM "special status species" also include BLM “sensitive” species -- nonlisted wildlife, fish and plants that require special management consideration to reduce the need for listing as well as all Federal candidate species, proposed species, and delisted species in the 5 years following delisting.  BLM "sensitive" plant and animal species include fish, amphibians, mollusks, insects and macroinvertebrates.

Each BLM State Office compiles a list of all special status species whose habitat is under the State Office's jurisdiction.  The BLM is currently creating a National list of all special status species that occupy BLM-managed habitat throughout the USA.

At the field level, the BLM implements conservation strategies, such as those found in recovery plans, cooperative agreements, and other strategies for BLM special status species.  The BLM also conducts and maintains inventories of BLM special status species on BLM-managed lands.

The ultimate goal of the BLM’s special status species program is to conserve and recover these species.