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Fish, Wildlife, and Plant Conservation

BLM Threatened and Endangered Species Program

What We Manage

The BLM manages habitat for 245 wildlife and plant species listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and another 31 species identified as candidates for listing.

Black-footed ferret, released in Vernal Utah

An even greater number of rare and sensitve species depend on the public lands, including about 800 species of rare plants. The list also includes birds, frogs, butterflies, fish and mammals. Rare and sensitive species are not federally listed as threatened or endangered but they warrant special management attention to keep them from becoming listed in the future. In some cases, the public lands offer the best hope for recovery of species threatened by encroaching urban or agricultural development. About 450 of these 800 rare or listed plant and animal species are believed to occur only on BLM-managed lands. 

What We Do

The BLM’s Threatened and Endangered Species Program works to conserve and recover federally-listed species and their habitat on public lands. The program also provides support for conservation of non-listed rare plant species with a goal of avoiding the need to list them in the future.

The BLM places a special emphasis on maintaining functioning ecosystems to benefit all wildlife and plants, and restoring habitat. Because the habitat of many species includes lands and waters not administered by the BLM, successful conservation requires extensive collaboration and cooperation with a number of partners.

Click on the links below for more information.

Note: Case Studies provided in these links represent only a few of the thousands of on-the-ground projects conducted by BLM and its partners each year. For more information on field-level work, go to, find the map and click on the state you are interested in.  That will take you to the BLM State and Field Office websites.   

Special Status Species 
Chiracahua leopard frog, a threatened species. BLM photo by Jack Barnitz. 

Special status species include species that are listed or proposed for listing under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), as well as those that are not listed, but require special management consideration.


Recovery and Consultation
Endangered pronghorn, Arizona 

The BLM plans for the recovery of endangered and threatened species on public lands. The bureau also engages in Section 7 Consultations when authorizing federal activities that may affect a listed species.


More Information, Links
Endangered Gentner's fritillary, a rare lily of Oregon

Click here for links on endangered and other special status species programs, including the BLM manual and the web pages for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service.