Cabezon Creek WSA, NM
Railroad Valley Oil Well, Battle Mountain NV Antelope in New Mexico Arrow-leaf balsam root in Montana Wind Turbine Fire Management Officer in Eugene, OR
BLM>Plant Conservation>Seeds of Success>SOS Technical Protocol for Collection
Print Page

Technical Protocol
for the Collection, Study, and Conservation of Seeds from Native Plant Species for Seeds of Success

Also available as Adobe Acrobat (pdf)* | Microsoft Word (docx) | Quick Guide to the SOS Protocol (pdf)

The Bureau of Land Management and Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew originally developed this protocol in cooperation with the Center for Plant Conservation for the Seeds of Success Program. The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Western Regional Plant Introduction Station, in Pullman, Washington reviewed the protocol, and approved its use for collections into their germplasm collection.

This protocol is used by all partners in the project to make seed collections. If you have questions about the protocol, please contact Megan Haidet ( for clarification.

1. Introduction
     1a. Program History 
     1b. Program Goals
2. Training, Resources and Annual Reporting 
     2a. Training 
     2b. Resources 
     2c. Annual Reporting
3. Target Species
4. Species Excluded from this Program
5. Storage and Distribution 
     Table 1. Seeds of Success (SOS) germplasm proportioning for long-term back-up and working collection samples
6. Permission to Collect 
     6a. Collecting on BLM Lands 
     6b. Collecting on Non-BLM Lands
7. Assessing Populations for Collection 
     7a. Preliminary Site Visits
8. Sampling Strategy
9. Seed Collection Techniques
10. Identification and Herbarium Specimens
     10a. Verification by a Local Taxonomist 
     10b. Nomenclature
11. Field Documentation 
     11a. Seed Collection Reference Number Format
12. Photos
13. Post-Collection Seed Care
14. Packaging and Shipping 
     14a. Packaging of Seed 
     14b. Shipping Seeds for Cleaning (for BLM and federal agencies) 
     14c. Shipping Seeds for Storage (for non-federal partners that have cleaned seed) 
     14d. Shipping Herbarium Vouchers to the National Herbarium and Elsewhere
     14e. Requesting Return of Seed from Bend

Appendix 1. Program Contacts: National Coordinating Office
Appendix 2. Program Contacts: Seeds of Success Collectors
Appendix 3. BLM Seeds of Success Field Data Form
Appendix 4. Seeds of Success Return Request: Clearance Form
Appendix 5. Seeds of Success Annual Report
Appendix 6. Offices and Herbaria Selected to Receive Herbarium Duplicates from the Seeds of Success Program
Appendix 7. BLM Field Offices and Mail Stop/Collector Codes
Appendix 8. CPC National Collection of Endangered Plants
Appendix 9. References

*You can download Adobe Acrobat Reader here.