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Advancing Science in the BLM: An Implementation Strategy

 

The complexity of natural and cultural systems, combined with public expectations and legal dictates, make it essential for BLM to be a "science-informed" agency. This implementation strategy will enable the Bureau to further strengthen a culture that deliberately pursues mission-oriented science and fully enables managers and staff to apply that science in decision making and adaptive management.

Download or read online the Advancing Science in the BLM: An Implementation Strategy

The implementation strategy focuses BLM efforts around two broad goals which are:

Goal 1: Ensure effective and consistent science integration into the BLM's core work processes.

Goal 2: Ensure that relevant, timely scientific information is accessible to BLM staff and managers.

 

Case Studies

In addition to outlining implementation strategy goals and a science action plan, the strategy document includes case studies that exemplify the principles and practices of effective scientific integration in the BLM. The case studies demonstrate how science serves an important role in the successful management of diverse programs across many geographical areas. Case studies include the regional mitigation strategy for the Dry Lake Solar Energy Zone in southern Nevada, interagency Greater sage-grouse conservation planning, adaptive grazing management in Arizona's Las Cienegas National Conservation Area, landscape-scale mule deer habitat conservation in Wyoming, and a biological soil crust forum at Utah's Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. Learn more in the bibliography below.


 

  Click to read the implementation strategy

Click to download a fact sheet summarizing the strategy.

BLM employees can obtain scientific literature and resources through the BLM Library's website and reference service. For assistance accessing information, please contact the BLM Library. Learn more about the library's resources and services in the Library Information section of this website.


Bibliography and Suggested Reading

BLM librarians identified the following publications as suggested reading for additional information about case studies, concepts, and initiatives referenced in the implementation strategy. For assistance accessing any of these documents and resources, please contact the BLM Library.

Jump to: Publications referenced in the strategy | Publications related to case studies | Publications pertaining to relevant strategies and initiatives

BLM geologists at work in Idaho

Publications Referenced in the Strategy

Bureau of Land Management. 2012. Activity Based Costing System, BLM Cost Management website.

Bureau of Land Management. 2012. BLM Performance: From the Field to the DOI Strategic Plan [PowerPoint slides]. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Training Center, Phoenix, AZ.

Bureau of Land Management. 2011. Winning the Challenges of the Future: A Road Map for Success in 2016. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

Manier, D.J., D.J.A. Wood, Z.H. Bowen, R.M. Donovan, M.J. Holloran, L.M. Juliusson, K.S. Mayne, S.J. Oyler-McCance, F.R. Quamen, D.J. Saher, and A.J. Titolo. 2013. Summary of Science, Activities, Programs, and Policies That Influence the Rangewide Conservation of Greater Sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). Open-File Report 2013-1098. U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Bureau of Land Management.

 

Suggested Reading and Publications Related to Case Studies

Regional Mitigation Strategy for the Dry Lake Solar Energy Zone

Bureau of Land Management. 2014. Regional Mitigation Strategy for the Dry Lake Solar Energy Zone. Tech Note 444. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Southern Nevada District Office, Las Vegas, NV.

Bureau of Land Management and U.S. Department of Energy. 2012. Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

 

Adaptive Grazing Management in Las Cienegas National Conservation Area

Bureau of Land Management. 2003. Approved Las Cienegas Resource Management Plan and Record of Decision. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Tucson Field Office, Tucson, AZ.

Bureau of Land Management. 2010. Science and Adaptive Management at Las Cienegas National Conservation Area website.

Sonoita Valley Planning Partnership website

 

Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative

Damm, P., and J. Randall. 2012. Wyoming Range Mule Deer Habitat Management Plan: Big Piney - LaBarge Area. Wyoming Game and Fish Department, Pinedale, WY.

U.S. Geological Survey. 2013. Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative website.

Wyoming Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit and Wyoming Game and Fish Department. 2014. Wyoming Range Mule Deer Project: 2014 Spring Update. University of Wyoming, Wyoming Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Laramie, WY. Available upon request from the BLM Library.

 

Greater Sage-grouse Conservation Planning Effort

Bureau of Land Management. 2014. BLM Library: Greater Sage-grouse Subject Guide.

Bureau of Land Management. 2011. Washington Office Instruction Memorandum No. 2012-044. BLM National Greater Sage-grouse Land Use Planning Strategy. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

Manier, D.J., D.J.A. Wood, Z.H. Bowen, R.M. Donovan, M.J. Holloran, L.M. Juliusson, K.S. Mayne, S.J. Oyler-McCance, F.R. Quamen, D.J. Saher, and A.J. Titolo. 2013. Summary of Science, Activities, Programs, and Policies That Influence the Rangewide Conservation of Greater Sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus). Open-File Report 2013-1098. U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Bureau of Land Management.

Sage-grouse National Technical Team. 2011. A Report on National Greater Sage-grouse Conservation Measures. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2013. Greater Sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) Conservation Objectives: Final Report. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Denver, CO.

BLM fisheries biologists at work in Alaska 

Suggested Reading on Related Topics (Strategies and Initiatives)

Adaptive Management

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2014. Missouri River Recovery Program: Effects Analysis website.

U.S. Department of the Interior. 2008. Adaptive Management Implementation Policy. Departmental Manual, Part 522, Chapter 1.

Williams, B.K., R.C. Szaro, and C.D. Shapiro. 2009. Adaptive Management: The U.S. Department of the Interior Technical Guide. U.S. Department of the Interior, Adaptive Management Working Group, Washington, DC.

 

Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring Strategy

Bureau of Land Management. 2014. Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) Documents website.

Bureau of Land Management. 2012. Washington Office Information Bulletin No. 2012-080. Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) Strategy Update. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

MacKinnon, W.C., J.W. Karl, G.R. Toevs, J.J. Taylor, M. Karl, C.S. Spurrier, and J.E. Herrick. 2011. BLM Core Terrestrial Indicators and Methods. Tech Note 440. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Operations Center, Denver, CO.

Taylor, J.J., E. Kachergis, G.R. Toevs, J.W. Karl, M.R. Bobo, M. Karl, S. Miller, and C.S. Spurrier. 2014. AIM-Monitoring: A Component of the BLM Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring Strategy. Tech Note 445. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Operations Center, Denver, CO.

Toevs, G.R., J.J. Taylor, C.S. Spurrier, W.C. MacKinnon, and M.R. Bobo. 2011. Bureau of Land Management Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring Strategy: For Integrated Renewable Resources Management. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Operations Center, Denver, CO.

 

Geospatial Services Strategic Plan

Bureau of Land Management. 2008. Geospatial Services Strategic Plan. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Operations Center, Denver, CO.

 

Healthy Lands Initiative

43 CFR 4180.1, Fundamentals of rangeland health.

43 CFR 4180.2, Standards and guidelines for grazing administration.

Bureau of Land Management. 2014. Washington Office Instruction Memorandum No. 2014-124. Identification of Multi-year Funding Priorities and Consideration for Healthy Lands Focal Areas. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

Bureau of Land Management. 2012. Washington Office Instruction Memorandum No. 2012-124. Implementation of Land Health Reporting Data Standard: A New Standardized System for Reporting and Mapping Achievements in Land Health. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

Bureau of Land Management. 1998. Washington Office Instruction Memorandum No. 98-091. Healthy Rangeland Initiative: Implementation of Standards and Guidelines. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC. [Internal; accessible to BLM employees.]

Herrick, J.E., J.W. Van Zee, K.M. Havstad, L.M. Burkett, and W.G. Whitford. 2009. Monitoring Manual for Grassland, Shrubland and Savanna Ecosystems. Volume 1: Quick Start. Volume 2: Design, supplementary methods, and interpretation. Tech Ref 1734-8. USDA-ARS Jornada Experimental Range, Las Cruces, NM.

Pellant, M., P. Shaver, D.A. Pyke, and J.E. Herrick. 2005. Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health, version 4. Tech Ref 1734-6. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Denver, CO.

 

Landscape Approach

Bureau of Land Management. 2012. Washington Office Information Bulletin No. 2012-058. The Bureau of Land Management's Landscape Approach for Managing the Public Lands. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

Bureau of Land Management. 2011. The National Landscape Conservation System 15-Year Strategy 2010-2025: The Geography of Hope. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

Joint Fire Science Program Governing Board. 2014. Joint Fire Science Program Investment Strategy 2014. U.S. Departments of Agriculture and the Interior, Joint Fire Science Program, Boise, ID.

Bureau of Land Management. 2014. National 15-Year NLCS Strategy and State Step-Down Strategies website.

 

Planning

Bureau of Land Management. 2008. BLM Handbook H-1790-1, National Environmental Policy Act Handbook. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

Bureau of Land Management. 2005. BLM Handbook H-1601-1, Land Use Planning Handbook. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

Bureau of Land Management. 2014. Planning 2.0: Improving the Way We Plan Together website.

 

Rapid Ecoregional Assessments

Bureau of Land Management. 2014. Rapid Ecoregional Assessments website.

Bureau of Land Management. 2014. Rapid Ecoregional Assessments Documents website.

Bureau of Land Management. 2014. Washington Office Instruction Memorandum No. 2014-125. Incorporating Landscape Assessments into the Land Use Planning and Project-level Decision-making Process. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC. [Internal; accessible to BLM employees.]

Bureau of Land Management. 2013. Washington Office Instruction Memorandum 2013-082. Use of Regional Assessments. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

 

Regional Mitigation

Bureau of Land Management. 2013. Washington Office Instruction Memorandum 2013-142. Interim Policy, Draft - Regional Mitigation Manual Section - 1794. U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, DC.

Clement, J.P., A.d'A. Belin, M.J. Bean, T.A. Boling, and J.R. Lyons. 2014. A Strategy for Improving the Mitigation Policies and Practices of the Department of the Interior: A Report to the Secretary of the Interior from the Energy and Climate Change Task Force. U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC.

U.S. Department of the Interior. 2013. Order No. 3330 of the Secretary of the Interior. Subject: Improving Mitigation Policies and Practices of the Department of the Interior. U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC.

 

Scientific Integrity

Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy. 2009. On Being a Scientist: A Guide to Responsible Conduct in Research, third ed. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Available upon request from the BLM Library.

U.S. Department of the Interior. 2011. Integrity of Scientific and Scholarly Activities. Departmental Manual, Part 305, Chapter 3.

The White House. 2010. Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies. Subject: Scientific Integrity. Office of Science and Technology.

The White House. 2009. Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies. Subject: Scientific Integrity. Office of the Press Secretary.

BLM employees and cooperators conduct a maintenance check on a meteorological station as part of an arctic lakes water use study. Photo by Matt Whitman, BLM-Alaska.

 

Suggested citation for the implementation strategy:

Kitchell, K., S. Cohn, R. Falise, H. Hadley, M. Herder, K. Libby, K. Muller, T. Murphy, M. Preston, M.J. Rugwell, and S. Schlanger. 2015. Advancing Science in the BLM: An Implementation Strategy. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management.

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