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Cultural Resources

The Colorado BLM cultural resources program manages archaeological, historical and traditional cultural properties and museum collections. Government to government relations with American Indian tribes that have cultural and historic ties to Colorado is essential to protecting cultural and natural resources on public land.

More than 48,000 cultural resource sites are recorded on Colorado's public lands dating from 12,000 years ago. There are 535 sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places including 4 National Historic Landmarks. Significant sites include prehistoric Fremont rock art, ancestral Anasazi pueblos, Ute villages, and historic mines and towns. 

Popular visitor destinations include Lowry Pueblo, Sand Canyon Pueblo and Canyon PintadoThe Anasazi Heritage Center (AHC), near the town of Dolores, houses several million artifacts, and includes exhibit areas and a laboratory. The AHC is part of the Canyon of the Ancients National Monument (CANM) which was designated in 2000. CANM provides special protection and recognition for about 164,000 acres containing one of the highest known densities of archaeological sites in the American Southwest.

BLM Protocol Agreement (2014)

The State Protocol Agreement (Protocol), available on the right-hand side of this page, describes how the BLM and the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) will interact. This Protocol emphasizes a collaborative and cooperative relationship while striving to improve the management of cultural resources on BLM lands in Colorado and those that might be affected by the BLM's actions. It also ensures a program for continued and enhanced communication between the BLM, SHPO, Indian tribes and other consulting parties potentially affected by BLM undertakings.

The Protocol requires that the BLM submit an annual report and have it available on the BLM Colorado internet for Indian Tribes and the public. The annual report describes the heritage program activities conducted under Section 106 and Section 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act during a 12 month period, from August 1 through July 31.

Helpful Links

BLM-Colorado Protocol Agreement (2014)
Cultural Resource Protection
Cultural Resource Use Permits
BLM Colorado Archaeologists
Heritage Tourism

Digital data links


PDF Applications:

 Annual Reports/Highlights

2013 Annual Report
2013 Project Highlights
2014 Annual Report
2014 Project Highlights
2015 Annual Report
2015 Project Highlights