Several socioeconomic traditions have grown in the Pacific Northwest following U.S. acquisition of the region. Mining first led to the settlement of southwest Oregon in the early 1850s and northeast Oregon in the early 1860s. Farming and ranching operations followed, with the timber industry expanding in the 20th century. Each of these industries have established longstanding associations to public lands and have left a physical record of their growth. Mining, logging, and ranching museums and museum displays have become standard fare in rural communities.
Tourism plays a vital role in creating new job opportunities and strengthening local and regional economies. Oregon's greatest attraction is its clean, pristine, natural environment. Much of the economic impact is generated by visitors recreating, sightseeing, and relaxing in the State's mountains, meadows, rivers, deserts, and oceans.
A number of heritage tourism facilities have been developed to enhance the tourist experience, including BLM's National Historic Oregon Trail Interpretive Center at Flagstaff Hill near Baker City, Rogue River Ranch, Rand Civilian Conservation Corps Facility, and Turn Point Light Station