Salem Record of Decision and Resource Management Plan

Salem Record of Decision

Salem District Resource Management Plan Table of Contents:

- Tables

- Maps

- Appendices

Special Status and SEIS Special Attention Species and Habitat


Objectives

See Late-Successional Reserve, Riparian Reserve, Matrix and Special Area objectives.

Protect, manage and conserve federally listed and proposed species and their habitats to achieve their recovery in compliance with the Endangered Species Act, approved recovery plans, and BLM special status species policies.

Manage for the conservation of federal candidate and bureau sensitive species and their habitats so as not to contribute to the need to list and to recover the species.

Manage for the conservation of state-listed species and their habitats to assist the state in achieving management objectives.

Protect and manage assessment species and their habitats where possible so as to not elevate their status to any higher level of concern.

Protect SEIS special attention species and their habitats so as not to elevate their status to any higher level of concern.

Study, maintain or restore community structure, species composition, and ecological processes of special status plant and animal habitat.

Land Use Allocations

All of the major land allocations in this plan are designed in part to benefit special status and SEIS special attention species in the aggregate.

Management Actions/Direction —

Late-Successional Reserves

In the Northern Coast Range Adaptive Management Area, manage the following areas (mapped by the Scientific Panel on Late-Successional Forest Ecosystems) as Late-Successional Reserves:

  • Late-Successional/Old Growth 1 and 2 areas within marbled murrelet zone 1; and
  • certain owl additions.

Design projects for recovery of threatened or endangered animal and plant species even if they result in some reduction of habitat quality for late-successional species. These projects will be designed for least impact to late-successional species.

Management Actions/Direction —

All Land Use Allocations

Special Status Species
(see appendix
B-1 for a list of species known or suspected to occur in the planning area)

Review all proposed actions to determine whether or not special status species occupy or use affected areas or if habitat for such species is affected.

Conduct field surveys according to protocols and other established procedures. This includes surveying during the proper season unless surveys are deemed unnecessary through watershed analysis, project planning, and environmental assessment. For example, field surveys may not be conducted in all cases depending on the number and timing of previous surveys conducted, whether previous surveys looked for all species that a new survey would, and the likelihood of potential habitat. The intensity of field surveys will also vary depending on the same factors.

Consult/conference with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or National Marine Fisheries Service for any proposed action which may affect federally listed or proposed species or their habitat. Based on the results of consultation/conferencing, modify, relocate, or abandon the proposed action. Request technical assistance from one of these agencies for any proposed action which may effect federal candidate species or their habitat.

Coordinate with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or National Marine Fisheries Service, and other appropriate agencies and organizations and jointly endeavor to recover federally listed and proposed plant and animal species and their habitats.

Modify, relocate, or abandon a proposed action to avoid contributing to the need to list federal candidate species, state-listed species, bureau sensitive species, or their habitats.

Coordinate and cooperate with the state of Oregon to conserve state-listed species.

Identify impacts of proposed actions, if any, to bureau sensitive and assessment species and clearly describe impacts in environmental analyses. As funding permits and as species conservation dictates, bureau sensitive and assessment species will be actively managed.

Retain under federal management, or other appropriate management organization, habitat essential for the survival or recovery of listed and proposed species. Retain habitat of proposed, candidate, or bureau sensitive species where disposal would contribute to the need to list the species.

Where appropriate opportunities exist, acquire land to contribute to recovery, reduce the need to list, or enhance special status species habitat.

Coordinate with other agencies and groups in management of species across landscapes. Coordination will be accomplished through conservation plans or similar agreements which identify actions to conserve single or multiple species and/or habitats. Such strategies could preclude the need for intensive inventories or modifications to some projects where the conservation plan provides adequate protection for the species and meets the intent of policy.

Where plans exist for species no longer on the special status list, continue with the prescribed conservation actions if determined to be required to avoid relisting or future consideration for listing. In the case of interagency plans or agreements, this determination will be mutually decided. Such plans may be modified as needed based on adequacy of existing range-wide conditions and conservation management.

Where appropriate, pursue opportunities to increase the number of populations of species under BLM management through land acquisition and/or species reintroduction in coordination with other responsible agencies.

Pursue opportunities for public education about conservation of species.

Management Actions/Direction —

All Land Use Allocations

SEIS Special Attention Species

This incorporates the "Survey and Manage" and "Protection Buffer" species and standards and guidelines from the SEIS record of decision.

Survey and Manage

Implement the survey and manage provision of the SEIS record of decision within the range of SEIS special attention species and the particular habitats that they are known to occupy. Appendix B-1 shows which species are covered by this provision, and which of the following four categories and management actions/direction are to be applied to each:

1. Manage known sites (highest priority).
 
  • Acquire and manage information on known sites, make it available to all project planners, and use it to design or modify activities.
  • Protect known sites. For some species, apply specific management treatments such as prescribed fire.
  • For rare and endemic fungus species, temporarily withdraw 160 acres around known sites from ground-disturbing activities until the sites can be thoroughly surveyed and site-specific measures prescribed.
  • Establish management areas of all usable habitat up to 600 acres around two currently unprotected locations of Oxyporous nobilissimus. Protect these populations until the sites can be thoroughly surveyed and site-specific measures prescribed. Protection will be undertaken immediately.
2. Survey prior to management activities and manage sites.
 
  • Continue existing efforts to survey and manage rare and sensitive species habitat.
  • For species without survey protocols, start immediately to design protocols and implement surveys.
  • Within the known or suspected ranges and within the habitat types of vegetation communities associated with the species, survey for Larch Mountain salamanders and red tree voles.
  • These surveys will precede the design of all ground-disturbing activities that will be implemented in 1997 or later.
  • For the other species listed in appendix B-1, begin development of survey protocols promptly and proceed with surveys as soon as possible. These surveys will be completed prior to ground-disturbing activities that will be implemented in fiscal year 1999 or later. Work to establish habitat requirements and survey protocols may be prioritized relative to the estimated threats to the species as reflected in the SEIS.
  • Conduct surveys at a scale most appropriate to the species.
  • Develop management actions/direction to manage habitat for the species on sites where they are located.
  • Incorporate survey protocols and proposed site management in interagency conservation strategies developed as part of ongoing planning efforts coordinated by the Regional Ecosystem Office.
3. Conduct extensive surveys and manage sites.
 
  • Conduct extensive surveys for the species to find high-priority sites for species management. Specific surveys prior to ground-disturbing activities are not a requirement.
  • Conduct surveys according to a schedule that is most efficient and identify sites for protection at that time.
  • Design these surveys for efficiency and develop standardized protocols.
  • Begin these surveys by 1996.
4. Conduct general regional surveys.
 
  • Survey to acquire additional information and to determine necessary levels of protection for arthropods, fungi species that were not classed as rare and endemic, bryophytes, and lichens.
  • Initiate these surveys no later than fiscal year 1996 and complete them within ten years.

Protection Buffers

Provide protection buffers for specific rare and locally endemic species and SEIS special attention species in the upland forest matrix and all habitats identified in the SEIS record of decision. (Species occurring in the district are listed below.) These species are likely to be assured viability if they occur within reserves. However, there might be occupied locations outside reserves that will be important to protect as well.

Apply the following management actions/direction:

  • Develop survey protocols that will ensure a high likelihood of locating sites occupied by these species.
  • Following development of survey protocols and prior to ground-disturbing activities, conduct surveys within the known or suspected ranges of the species and within the habitat types or vegetation communities occupied by the species. See the previous Survey and Manage section for an implementation schedule.
  • Manage known habitat of special attention species requiring protection buffers as follows:

Nonvascular plants

Buxbaumia piperi

  • Maintain decay class 3, 4, and 5 logs and greater than 70 percent closed-canopy forest habitats for shade.
  • Restrict shelterwood and thinning prescriptions for timber harvest.

Sarcosoma mexicana

  • Protect deep litter layers in older forest where found.
  • Defer prescribed burning of understory or other activities which would not retain a deep litter layer.

Amphibians

  • Avoid any ground-disturbing activity that would disrupt the talus layer where this species occurs.
  • Maintain 40 percent canopy closure of trees within the site and within a buffer of at least the height of one site potential tree or 100 feet horizontal distance, whichever is greater, surrounding the site.
  • Consider larger buffer widths on steep slopes above protected sites.
  • Conduct partial harvest if canopy closure can be retained. In such cases, logging will be conducted using helicopters or high-lead cable systems to avoid disturbance of the talus layer.
  • The implementation schedule for this species is the same as for survey and manage components one and two.

Birds

Black-backed Woodpecker (high elevations in the Cascade Range)

  • Avoid cutting of snags over 20 inches diameter at breast height (dbh).
  • Provide for 100 percent population potential which is equivalent to 0.12 conifer snags per acre in forested habitats. Snags must be at least 17 inches dbh (or largest available if 17 inch dbh snags are unavailable) and in hard decay stages.

Great Gray Owl (high elevations in the Cascade Range)

  • Provide a no-harvest buffer of 300 feet around meadows and natural openings and establish one-quarter mile protection zones around known nest sites.
  • Within one year, develop and implement a standardized protocol for surveys and survey for nest locations using the protocol.
  • Protect all future discovered nest sites as previously described.
  • For newly discovered habitat of other special attention species requiring protection buffers, apply the management actions/direction in the SEIS record of decision.

Management Actions/Direction —

All Land Use Allocations

Animals

Roosting Bats

Conduct surveys to determine the presence of roosting bats, including fringed myotis, silver-haired bats, long-eared myotis, long-legged myotis, and pallid bats. Surveys will be conducted according to protocol defined in the SEIS record of decision and in any subsequent revisions to the protocol.

As an interim measure, allow no timber harvest within 250 feet of sites containing bats. Develop mitigation measures in project or activity plans involving these sites. The intent of these measures is to protect sites from destruction, vandalism, disturbance from road construction or blasting, or any other activity that could change cave or mine temperatures or drainage patterns.

When Townsend's big-eared bats are found on federal land, notify the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. Develop management prescriptions for these sites that include special consideration for potential impacts on this species.

Listed and Proposed Threatened and Endangered Species

General

Implement the land use allocations and management actions/direction of this resource management plan which are designed to enhance and maintain habitat for threatened and endangered species.

Northern Spotted Owl
(federal threatened species)

In the Matrix and the Northern Coast Range Adaptive Management Area, retain 100 acres of the best northern spotted owl habitat as close as possible to a nest site or owl activity center for all known (as of January 1, 1994) spotted owl activity centers.

Fall no trees within one-quarter mile of all active northern spotted owl nest sites from approximately March 1 to September 30 to avoid disturbance and harm to young owls.

With minor exceptions, restrict human activities that could disturb owl nesting, especially use of large power equipment, within one-quarter mile of all active spotted owl nest sites from approximately March 1 to September 30. Restrictions on activities will usually not be required for owl nests and activity centers located near roads or in other areas of permanent human activity.

Marbled Murrelet
(federal threatened species)

Conduct two years of survey prior to any human disturbance of marbled murrelet habitat.

Protect contiguous existing and recruitment habitat for marbled murrelets (i.e., stands that are capable of becoming marbled murrelet habitat within 25 years) within a one-half mile radius of any site where the birds' behavior indicates occupation (e.g., active nest, fecal ring or eggshell fragments, and birds flying below, through, into, or out of the forest canopy within or adjacent to a stand).

Neither conduct nor allow harvest of timber within occupied marbled murrelet habitat at least until completion of the Marbled Murrelet Recovery Plan.

During silvicultural treatments of nonhabitat within the one-half mile circle, protect or enhance suitable or replacement habitat.

Amend or revise management direction as appropriate when the recovery plan is completed.

Bald Eagle
(federal threatened species)

Comply with the Pacific Bald Eagle Recovery Plan, the working implementation plan, and existing site-specific habitat management plans.

Protect the following known and potential nest sites and communal roosting areas identified in the bald eagle recovery implementation plan: Elk Creek, Green Peter Peninsula, Kilchis River, North Santiam, North Fork Siletz River, Raymond Creek, Table Mountain, and Wilson River.

Write and implement habitat management plans incorporating the BLM-responsible actions identified in the bald eagle recovery implementation plan.

Review habitat management plans periodically to determine whether modifications are needed.

Peregrine Falcon
(federal endangered species)

Comply with the Pacific Coast Recovery Plan for the American Peregrine Falcon.

Oregon Chub
(endangered species)

Participate in recovery efforts for the Oregon chub.

If populations are found in streams administered by BLM, management actions/direction will be developed at that time under the recovery plan.

Management Actions/Direction —

All Land Use Allocations

Plants

Listed and Proposed Threatened and Endangered Species

General

Implement the land use allocations and management actions/direction of this resource management plan which are designed to enhance and maintain habitat for all endangered and threatened species.

Nelson's Checkermallow

(federal threatened species)

Pending completion of a recovery plan, manage the species as follows:

  • Continue special management of the proposed Walker Creek Area of Critical Environmental Concern and the seedling transplant sites at South McGuire and Neverstill. This includes all the Nelson's checkermallow populations on BLM-administered lands.
  • Study and monitor population dynamics of the plant in its native prairie habitat.

Comply with the recovery plan for the species when it is completed.