Salem Record of
Decision and Resource Management Plan
Salem Record of Decision
Salem District Resource Management
Plan Table of Contents:
Land Tenure Adjustment
Make land tenure adjustments to benefit a variety of
uses and values. Emphasize opportunities that conserve
biological diversity or enhance timber management
opportunities. As a matter of practice, Oregon and
California forest lands allocated to timber management
will only be exchanged for lands to be managed for
Meet the following objectives for the three land
tenure adjustment zones:
- Zone 1: generally, retain these lands
under BLM administration.
- Zone 2: block up areas in zone 2 with
significant resource values and exchange other
lands in zone 2 to block up areas in zones 1 and
2 with significant resource values.
- Zone 3: retain lands with unique resource
values; dispose of other lands in this zone using
appropriate disposal mechanisms.
Make BLM-administered lands in zones 1, 2, and 3
available for a variety of uses as authorized by section
302 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, the
Recreation and Public Purposes Act, and special
Manage newly acquired lands for the purpose for which
they are acquired or consistent with the management
objectives for adjacent BLM-administered lands. If lands
with unique or fragile resource values are acquired,
protect those values until the next plan revision.
Eliminate unauthorized use of BLM-administered lands.
Land Use Allocations
See map 10 for location of land tenure zones and
appendix G for
legal descriptions of zone 3 tracts.
Use land acquisition, exchange, and conservation
easements to meet Aquatic Conservation Strategy
objectives and facilitate restoration of fish stocks and
others species at risk of extinction.
Consider land exchanges when they will provide
benefits equal to or better than current conditions.
Consider land exchanges especially to improve area,
distribution, and quality (e.g., connectivity, shape, and
contribution to biological diversity) of
Late-Successional Reserves and where public and private
lands are intermingled.
All Land Use Allocations
Use the land tenure adjustment criteria listed in
appendix H when analyzing site-specific proposals to
acquire or dispose of land.
Use the following three-zone concept to guide
selection of lands for exchange, sale, transfer, or
- Zone 1: Includes lands and other areas
identified as having high public resource values.
The natural resource values may require
protection by federal law, executive order or
policy. These lands may have other values or
natural systems which merit long-term public
ownership. They do not meet the criteria for sale
under Federal Land Policy and Management Act
section 203(a) and will generally be retained in
The primary mode of land acquisition in zone 1
will be through exchange of BLM-administered
lands in zones 2 and 3. Purchases and donations
will be pursued if exchange is not feasible.
- Zone 2: Includes lands that meet criteria
for exchange because they form discontinuous
ownership patterns, are relatively inefficient to
manage, and may not be accessible to the general
public. These BLM-administered lands may be
blocked up in exchange for other lands in zones 1
or 2, transferred to other public agencies, or
given some form of cooperative management. These
lands will not be sold under section 203(a)
unless the resource management plan is amended.
- Zone 3: Includes lands that are scattered
and isolated with no known unique resource
values. Zone 3 lands will be available for use in
exchanges for inholdings in zone 1 (high
priority) or zone 2 (moderate priority). They are
also potentially suitable for disposal through
sale under Federal Land Policy and Management Act
section 203(a). This will occur only if important
recreation, wildlife, watershed, threatened or
endangered species habitat and/or cultural values
are not identified during disposal clearance
reviews and no viable exchange proposals for them
can be identified. Zone 3 lands will also be
available for conveyance to another federal,
state or local agency, as needed to accommodate
community expansion and other public purposes.
Transfer to another federal agency to fulfill a
specific management objective will also be
permitted in zone 3.
Prior to all land tenure adjustments, consider the
effect on the mineral estate. If the lands are not known
to have mineral potential, then the mineral interest will
normally be transferred simultaneously with the surface
Consider conveying the subsurface mineral interest
held by the United States to the existing or proposed
owner of the surface estate.
Make exchanges to enhance public resource values
and/or improve land patterns and management efficiency of
private and BLM-administered lands within the planning
Consult with county governments prior to any exchange
involving Oregon and California lands.
Minimize impact on local tax base by emphasizing
exchanges rather than fee purchase.
Sell BLM-administered lands under the authority of
Federal Land Policy and Management Act section 203(a),
which requires that at least one of the following
conditions exists before land is offered for sale:
- The tract, because of its location or other
characteristics, is difficult or uneconomical to
manage as part of BLM-administered lands and is
not suitable for management by another federal
department or agency.
- The tract was acquired for a specific purpose and
is no longer required for any federal purpose.
- Disposal of the tract would serve important BLM
objectives. These include but are not limited to:
- expansion of communities and economic
development, which cannot be achieved prudently
or feasibly on land other than BLM-administered
lands and which outweigh other public objectives;
- values, including, but not limited to,
recreation and scenic values, which would be
served by maintaining such tract in federal
- Transfer land to other public agencies where
consistent with public land management policy and
where improved management efficiency will result.
Minor adjustments involving sales or exchanges
may be made based on site-specific application of
the land ownership adjustment criteria.
Acquire land through exchange if at least one of the
following objectives is met:
- access to public lands and resources would be
- important public values and uses would be
maintained or enhanced;
- local social and economic values would be
maintained or enhanced; and
- other aspects of the approved resource management
plan would be implemented.