Energy and Minerals
Maintain exploration and development opportunities for leasable and locatable energy and mineral resources.
Provide opportunities for extraction of salable minerals by other government entities, private industry, individuals, and nonprofit organizations.
Continue to make available mineral resources on the reserved federal mineral estate.
Land Use Allocations
The amount of BLM-administered lands with potential for occurrence of energy and mineral resources and available for exploration and development is as follows:
There are approximately 27,800 acres of private land with reserved federal mineral estate (also referred to as federal subsurface mineral estate).
NOTE: The following management actions/direction differ from the standards and guidelines in the SEIS record of decision, since the standards and guidelines are not all implementable under current laws and regulations. The stronger standards and guidelines in the SEIS record of decision (appendix A-2) will be adopted at such time as changes in current laws and/or regulations authorize their implementation.
For any proposed locatable mining operation in Riparian Reserves, other than notice level (activity on less than five acres) or casual use, require the following actions by the operator consistent with 43 Code of Federal Regulations 3809:
For leasable minerals, prohibit surface occupancy for oil, gas, and geothermal exploration and development activities where leases do not exist. Where possible, adjust the stipulations in existing leases to eliminate impacts that retard or prevent the attainment of Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives consistent with existing lease terms and stipulations.
Allow development of salable minerals, such as sand and gravel, within Riparian Reserves only if Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives can be met.
Develop inspection and monitoring requirements and include such requirements in exploration and mining plans and in leases or permits consistent with existing laws and regulations. Evaluate the results of inspection and monitoring to determine if modification of plans, leases and permits is needed to eliminate impacts that retard or prevent attainment of Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives.
Assess the impacts of ongoing and proposed mining activities in Late-Successional Reserves.
Include stipulations in mineral leases and, when legally possible, require operational constraints for locatable mineral activities to minimize detrimental effects on late-successional habitat.
All Land Use Allocations
Use standard and special stipulations for oil, gas, geothermal, and coal leases to protect fragile areas or critical resource values (see appendix F for a list of mineral restrictions by resource value). Special stipulations may include:
Waive special stipulations if the objective of a stipulation could be met in another way.
Provide opportunities for coal and geothermal exploration and development in areas with potential for occurrence. Coal activities are regulated under 43 Code of Federal Regulations 3400 and geothermal activities are regulated under 43 Code of Federal Regulations 3200.
Allow no leasing on lands within incorporated cities. Tracts within the planning area affected by this type of closure are located in Salem and Willamina.
Use general requirements in 43 Code of Federal Regulations 3809 and site-specific guidelines to avoid unnecessary or undue degradation of resources on mining claims.
Allow activities exceeding casual use, but disturbing five acres or less, to proceed 15 days after a notice is filed in the Salem District Office.
Require an approved plan of operation before work can begin on projects disturbing more than five acres or special resource areas.
Require bonding of plans of operation to ensure mitigating measures are followed and reclamation of the disturbed lands is completed.
Require reclamation at the earliest feasible time for all surface-disturbing operations, whether conducted under a notice or approved plan of operations.
Address quarry development, management and reclamation needs through watershed analyses and project planning.
Emphasize long-term regional quarry use.
Develop new quarry sites in locations consistent with overall management objectives and guidelines of this resource management plan.
Continue to use rock from existing quarries for construction and maintenance of timber sale access roads and other purposes.
Make salable minerals available for other government agencies if requested, and if the action is consistent with management direction for protection of other resources.
Issue sales contracts for mineral materials which provide for reclamation of mined lands pursuant to 43 Code of Federal Regulations 3604 or 3610.
Consider mineral material permits on a case-by-case basis. Issue them at the discretion of the area manager.
Issue free use permits to government agencies and nonprofit organizations pursuant to 43 Code of Federal Regulations 3620. Designate new common use areas or community pits only if the level of localized activity warrants.
Reserved Federal Mineral Estate
Allow the reserved federal mineral estate to remain open for mineral development.
Allow development of locatable and salable minerals in accordance with restrictions determined by the surface owner/administrator.
Convey mineral interest owned by the United States where the surface is, or will be, in nonfederal ownership, to the existing or proposed owner of the surface estate only after a determination is made under section 209(b) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act.