Provide for livestock grazing in an environmentally sensitive manner, consistent with other objectives and land use allocations. Resolve resource conflicts and concerns and ensure that livestock grazing use is consistent with the objectives and direction found in Appendix H (Grazing Management).
Integrate the appropriate state specific "Standards and Guidelines for Livestock Grazing" (when determined), into the resource areas grazing program, to ensure ecological health and conditions concurrent with livestock grazing.
Provide for range land improvement projects and management practices, consistent with other objectives and land use allocations.
Land Use Allocations
Provide for initial levels of livestock grazing within the parameters outlined, by allotment, in Appendix H. Changes in this plan's grazing use will be done as described in the monitoring and evaluation discussion in the Management Actions/Directions section below.
The actual geographical area defined and allocated for each allotment is found on Map 10 in the map packet. More specific allotment boundaries and legal delineations are found within the grazing allotment files located in the Klamath Falls Resource Area office. Areas within allotments which are specifically excluded from livestock grazing are listed in Appendix H.
Implement the grazing management program as guided by the collection of vegetative monitoring data, and as outlined in the 1988 Oregon Rangeland Monitoring Handbook (H-1732-2), the Manual Handbooks (4000 series), BLM Technical References 1737 and 4400 series, the resources area's Coordinated Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for Grazing Allotments, and other applicable policies and direction. Appendix H, provides an overview of the resource areas monitoring program.
Adjust grazing use (including, but not limited to, changes in season-of-use, kinds and classes of livestock, numbers of animals, grazing capacity, management facilities needed) based on and supported by the ongoing range land studies performed in accordance with the above guidance. Review the results of these studies by an interdisciplinary team of resource specialists through the allotment evaluation process. Recommend future management actions (in consultation, coordination, and cooperation with the affected interests) to the Area Manager for review, modification, and/or approval. When necessary, implement changes in permitted use through written agreement or decision. An allotment management plan may be completed, or revised where one exists, after an evaluation to implement management changes, propose additional range improvements, set more specific resource objectives, or modify other aspects of the grazing use as allowed by policy and regulations. Temporary non-use for all or a portion of the grazing on an allotment may be approved by the Area Manager, on a year-to-year basis, as needed to meet the management objectives of this plan or to meet the needs of grazing users. Temporary nonrenewable grazing use may also be approved if resource conditions warrant it and the management objectives of this plan are met.
Monitoring studies and evaluations will be, at a minimum, done on a schedule as outlined in the Oregon Rangeland Monitoring Handbook (H-1734-2). Current direction is to perform an allotment evaluation every 5 years for "I" category allotments and every 10 years for "M" category allotments. "C" category allotments will be monitored and evaluated as needed.
Continue to develop short-duration, high-intensity grazing systems on section 3 grazing lands in the Gerber Block to improve riparian and wetland resources. Livestock grazing management practices will provide for regrowth of riparian plants after use or will leave sufficient vegetation for maintenance of plant vigor and streambank protection. More specifics are found in Appendix H, Grazing in Riparian-Wetland Areas Section, and in the Soils Section earlier in this chapter.
Additional and future guidance, pertinent to the livestock grazing program, will be incorporated into the resource areas grazing program, as applicable. The primary example of this will be the state specific Standards and Guidelines for Livestock Grazing, which are expected to be implemented in the next two or three years, as a result of Rangeland Reform '94. Additionally, any requirements, goals, and objectives devised as a result of the Eastside Ecosystem Management Project will be incorporated into the resource area's grazing management program as appropriate.
Construct range land improvements as needed to support achievement of management objectives. Range land improvements may include, but are not limited to fence and reservoir construction, spring developments, vegetation manipulation, and prescribed burns. See Appendix H for a listing of proposed range land improvements, for each grazing allotment, predicted to be necessary at this time. This does not preclude proposing and implementation of additional or different range land improvement projects in the future as necessary to support achievement of resource objectives.
Adjust or eliminate grazing practices that retard or prevent attainment of Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives, through a planning and environmental analysis process appropriate to the action.
Locate new livestock handling and/or management facilities outside Riparian Reserves. Ensure that Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives are met for existing livestock handling facilities inside Riparian Reserves. Where these objectives cannot be met, require relocation or removal of such facilities.
Limit livestock trailing, bedding, watering, loading, and other handling efforts to those areas and times that will ensure Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives are met.
Protect the following sites from grazing: known and newly discovered sites of the following mollusk species will be protected from grazing by all practicable steps to ensure that the local populations of the species will not be impacted. These species include: Fluminicola n. sp. 1, Flumincola n. sp. 11, Fluminicola n. sp. 19, Fluminicola n. sp. 20, Fluminicola n. sp. 3, and Fluminicola seminalis. Freshwater mollusks in the family Hydrobiidae (to which the genus Fluminicola belong) are known to exist in the resource area. Tentative identification of mollusks collected at several sites in the resource area has been made. Further investigation is required for more positive identification of which species of Fluminicola are present in the resource area. Implementation of protection actions will be initiated after watershed analysis and appropriate National Environmental Policy Act decisions.
Late-Successional/District Designated Reserves
In coordination with wildlife and fish biologists, implement range-related management activities that do not adversely affect late-successional habitat.
Adjust or eliminate grazing practices that retard or prevent attainment of Late-Successional/District Designated Reserve objectives through a planning and environmental analysis process appropriate to the action.
Evaluate effects of existing and proposed livestock management and handling facilities in Late-Successional/District Designated Reserves to determine if reserve objectives are met. Where objectives cannot be met, relocate livestock management and/or handling facilities.