Energy and Minerals
Maintain exploration and development opportunities for leasable and locatable energy and mineral resources.
Provide opportunities for extraction of salable minerals by other government entities, private industry, individuals, and nonprofit organizations.
Continue to make available mineral resources on the reserved federal mineral estate.
Land Use Allocations
See Table 9 for energy and mineral allocations. The acreages given in these tables and the discussion below are approximate. Overlapping restrictions from different land use allocations have been taken into consideration, and where this occurs, the most restrictive constraint was used.
Locatable Minerals. Approximately 191,600 acres of the 235,900 acres of federally-owned locatable minerals will be open to mining claim location and operation subject to standard requirements. Another 37,900 acres will be subject to additional restrictions. About 5,800 acres will continue to be withdrawn from mineral entry, with an additional 1,500 acres withdrawn from nonmetalliferous mineral entry. The Old Baldy Research Natural Area will be recommended for withdrawal (600 acres; See Table 10).
Leasable Minerals. Approximately 197,600 acres of the 238,700 acres of federally-owned oil and gas and 237,300 acres of federally-owned geothermal resources will be available for leasing subject to restrictions. No surface occupancy stipulations will be imposed on another 40,800 acres of oil and gas and geothermal resources. Leasing will not be allowed within the 300 acre Mountain Lakes Wilderness Study Area (see Table 11).
Salable Minerals. Approximately 222,500 acres of the 237,300 acres of federally-owned salable minerals will be open to mineral material disposal subject to restrictions. About 14,800 acres will be unavailable for mineral material disposal in order to protect important resource values and special investments (see Table 12).
All Land Use Allocations
Use special stipulations for oil, gas and geothermal leases to protect fragile areas or critical resource values (see Appendix G for a list of mineral restrictions by resource value). Special stipulations may include seasonal restrictions to protect resources such as critical wildlife habitat, prevent excessive erosion, etc.; controlled surface use stipulations to protect valuable resources in small areas; and no surface occupancy stipulations to protect valuable resources scattered over a large area while still providing an opportunity for exploration and development. Special stipulations may be waived by authorized BLM officials if the objective of a stipulation could be met in another way.
Use general requirements in 43 Code of Federal Regulations 3809 and site-specific guidelines to avoid unnecessary or undue degradation of resources on mining claims.
Require reclamation at the earliest feasible time for all surface-disturbing operations, whether conducted under a notice or approved plan of operations.
Address quarry development, management, and reclamation needs through implementation planning.
Emphasize long-term regional quarry use.
Develop new quarry sites in locations consistent with overall management objectives and guidelines of the resource management plan.
Continue to use rock from existing quarries for construction and maintenance of timber sale access roads and other purposes.
NOTE: The following management actions/direction differ from the standards and guidelines in the Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Record of Decision since the standards and guidelines are not all implementable under current laws and regulations. The stronger standards and guidelines in the Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Record of Decision (Appendix A) will be adopted at such time as changes in current laws and/or regulations authorize their implementation.
For any proposed locatable mining operation in Riparian Reserves, other than notice level or casual use, require the following actions by the operator consistent with 43 Code of Federal Regulations 3809:
For future leasable mineral activity in Riparian Reserves, prohibit surface occupancy for oil, gas, and geothermal exploration an development activities unless it can be demonstrated that impacts will be acceptable or can be mitigated so that the objectives of the Aquatic Conservation Strategy can be met. Where possible, adjust the stipulations in existing leases to eliminate impacts that retard or prevent the attainment of Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives, consistent with existing lease terms and stipulations.
Allow development of salable minerals, such as sand and gravel, within Riparian Reserves only if Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives can be met.
Develop inspection and monitoring requirements and include such requirements in exploration and mining plans and in leases or permits consistent with existing laws and regulations. Evaluate the results of inspection and monitoring to determine if modification of plans, leases and permits is needed to eliminate impacts that retard or prevent attainment of Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives.
Late-Successional/District Designated Reserves
Assess the impacts of ongoing and proposed mining activities in Late-Successional/District Designated Reserves.
Include stipulations in mineral leases and, when legally possible, require operational constraints for locatable mineral activities to minimize detrimental effects on late-successional habitat.