Klamath Falls Record of Decision and Resource Management Plan

Klamath Falls Record of Decision

Klamath Falls District Resource Management Plan Table of Contents:

- Tables

- Maps

- Appendices

Appendix H

Grazing Management
and
Rangeland Program Summary

[Please Note: This document contains the exact text, graphics and tables of the original printed document. Typestyles, margins, paragraph-numbering type, and page-widths may vary from the original, printed document due to document conversion to html format.]

Introduction

This appendix has six major sections: Livestock Grazing Allotments, Potential Range Improvements by Allotment, Selective Management, Rangeland Monitoring and Evaluation, General Allowable Use Guidelines, and Grazing in Riparian-Wetland Areas.

Livestock Grazing Allotments

The following tables summarize multiple-use information for each allotment in the resource area. Pertinent information is organized in four general sections: Allotment Identification, Grazing Administration, Identified Resource Conflicts/Concerns and Management Objectives, and Constraints.

Allotment Identification. This section of the tables identifies each allotment by name and allotment number. The Selective Management Category (M,I,C) is identified (See the section Selective Management for more information), type of livestock authorized, and acreage within the allotment (public and private) is provided.

Grazing Administration Information. This section provides basic information on the grazing license and other forage demands within the allotment including active preference, suspended nonuse, total preference, exchange-of-use, current season-of-use (No Action) and proposed season-of-use (Proposed Resource Management Plan), and estimated average forage use by major wildlife grazing species. All changes to these and other attributes of livestock grazing management will be made through the monitoring and evaluation process as outlined in the section Rangeland Monitoring and Evaluation.

Based on the preliminary evaluation of vegetative monitoring information by an interdisciplinary team, the following livestock grazing reductions are proposed as part of the Proposed Resource Management Plan (Allotments are listed by number, name, and category; the numbers reflect the animal unit months proposed reduction). The actual evaluation and implementation of these proposed reductions will be as outlined in the section Rangeland Monitoring and Evaluation and the applicable policies and regulations.

Stukel Mountain  
0815 Stukel-Dehlinger (I) 90
0822 Jeld Wen (I) 60
0852 Rodgers (I) 74
0859 Cunard (I) 20
   
Gerber Block  
0876 Bear Valley (I) 75
0889 Timber Hill (I) 145
0890 Willow Valley (I) 220

Identified Resource Conflicts/Concerns and Management Objectives. This section of the tables presents the major resource conflicts or concerns that have been identified in each allotment through public input and internal interdisciplinary team interactions. For each conflict/concern identified, a general management objective for its resolution has been developed. This section forms the basis for establishing or revising Allotment Management Plans (or equivalent) and for the further quantification of grazing related objectives during the implementation period for the Proposed Resource Management Plan. Upon completion of an Ecological Site Inventory on the Klamath Falls Resource Area, ecological status related objectives will be developed for all allotments. (an Ecological Site Inventory is currently not scheduled until after 1999.)

This section of the tables also forms the basis for the direct integration of other pertinent resource values into the allotment monitoring and evaluation process. The grazing use objectives and direction found in the section General Allowable Use Guidelines and Appendix F, best management practices will apply, as applicable, to all of the allotments within the resource area. The information in those sections/appendices is, thus, not reiterated in each allotment table.

Constraints. This section of the tables presents information and multiple-use constraints that may influence the nature and degree of change that can be implemented on the allotment through grazing management adjustments, rangeland improvements, or other potential management actions. This section also includes the identification of known areas that are excluded from general livestock grazing (that is riparian exclosures) for resource enhancement purposes. Note that this exclusion designation is not all inclusive, in that additional areas may be designated in the future. Conversely, any generally excluded area may be grazed in the future, as needed, to achieve specific resource objectives.

Potential Range Improvements at the end of the allotment tables section is a summary of the planned potential range improvements by allotment. This table, entitled Potential Range Improvements by Allotment outlines the types, numbers, and estimated costs of improvements that could reasonably be predicted at the time of issuance of this Proposed Resource Management Plan. During the life of the plan it is expected that some additional new projects will arise and that some of the listed potential projects will not be completed.

Over time, changes, additions, and adjustments to the tables in this appendix will be made through the Resource Area's Rangeland Program Summary Update found in the annual Planning Update. This summary will also outline pertinent accomplishments within the grazing and wild horse management programs, range improvements proposed and completed, changes/additions/adjustments to grazing related objectives, grazing management changes, allotment evaluation and activity planning results and efforts, and other grazing related items as they occur.

Listing by Allotment Number

Allotment
Number
Allotment
Name
Allotment
Number
Allotment
Name
0101 Chase Mountain 0839 Bryant-Loveness
0102 Edge Creek 0840 Bryant-Lyon
0103 Buck Mountain 0841 Marshall
0104 Buck Lake 0842 Masten
0105 Johnson Prairie 0843 McAuliffe
0107 Dixie 0844 Paddock
0140 Dry Lake 0845 K-Hills-O'Connor
0141 Chicken Hills 0846 OK
0142 Long Lake 0847 Swede Cabin
0147 Grubb Springs 0848 Pope
0800 Adams 0849 Rajnus Bros.
0801 Haught 0850 Wilkinson
0802 Stock Drive 0851 Harpold Ridge
0803 J. Spring 0852 Rodgers
0804 Bar CL 0853 7C
0805 SE 80 0854 Jump
0806 Two Mile 0855 Bryant-Smith
0807 Barnwell 0856 Bryant-Stastny
0808 Lee 0857 Taylor
0809 Brown 0858 Swan Lake RIm
0810 Brenda 0859 Cunard
0811 Cheyne 0860 McCartie
0812 Stukel-Coffin 0861 Yainax Butte
0813 Plum Hills 0862 Klamath Forest Estate
0814 Cunningham 0863 Wirth
0815 Stukel-Dehlinger C. 0864 Rajnus & Son
0816 Stukel-Dehlinger H. 0865 Mills Creek
0817 Drew 0876 Bear Valley
0818 Duncan 0877 Bumpheads
0819 Dupont 0878 Campbell
0820 Flesher 0879 Devaul
0821 North Horsefly 0881 Goodlow
0822 Jeld-Wen 0882 Horsefly
0823 North Horsefly 0883 Horton
0824 Jeld-Wen 0884 Pankey Basin
0825 Naylox 0885 Dry Prairie
0826 Haskins 0886 Horse Camp Rim
0827 Stukel-High 0887 Pitchlog
0828 Stukel-Hill 0888 Rock Creek
0829 Horton 0889 Timber Hill
0830 Hungry Hollow 0890 Willow Valley
0831 Warlow 0892 Williams
0832 Jesperson 0893 Fields
0833 Johnson 0894 Voight
0834 Kellison 0895 Harpold Canyon
0835 Ketcham 0896 McFall
0836 Harpold Chaining    
0837 Bryant-Horton    
0838 Windy Ridge    

Management Summaries By Allotment

Allotment Name: Chase Mountain Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0101 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
8,823
Other Acres
:
19,680
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 195 Deer: 1,681
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 195 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 239 Horses: 0
Total: 434 Total: 1,681
Season of Use: 5/15 - 8/13
   
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Constraints

The grazing lease for BLM lands (and the exchange of use listed) within this allotment is dependent on and tied to the intermingled private land grazing lease (Weyerhaeuser Company).


Allotment Name: Edge Creek
(Ward, Edge Creek & North Pastures)
Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0102 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
8,860
Other Acres:
29,400
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 207 Deer 1,681
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 100
Total Preference: 207 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 349 Horses: 100
Total: 556 Total: 1,881
Season of Use:

Ward

Edge Creek & North

5/1 - 7/1

5/1 - 9/1

   
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Large area that is not included in allotment but grazed in common with the Ward Pasture.
Include south and east side of Klamath River Canyon in Edge Creek allotment and Ward Pasture.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Special status species and/or habitat exists within the allotment. Prevent significant risk to well-being of special status species and/or habitat from BLM-authorized actions.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environ- mental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.
River segment under study for inclusion in the National Wild and Scenic River System. Ensure livestock grazing management within the river corridor conforms with the river management plan if Congressional approval of river segment occurs.
Potential Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC) within this allotment. If designated, grazing management will be consistent with the ACEC management plan.
Allotment makes up a large portion of the Pokegama Herd Management Area. Manage wild horse grazing levels on public lands to ensure a thriving natural ecological balance and prevent deterioration of the range.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Constraints

Officially listed threatened or endangered species and/or critical habitats occur within allotment. Mitigate all management practices, as needed, to ensure full compliance with the recovery plan in effect for the species in question.

Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Vegetation conversions must be coordinated to adequately address the needs of both big game and cattle. No more than 10 percent of current browse in deer winter range may be converted in any one year.

Allotment contains all or a portion of a wild horse herd management area. Management actions must be mitigated, as needed, to ensure the free-roaming nature of the herd.

Ensure that substantial vegetation conversions do not significantly reduce the variety of plant species or communities in abundances necessary for their continued existence and proper functioning.

The grazing lease for the BLM lands (and the exchange of use) within the North and Edge Creek pastures is dependent on and tied to the intermingled private land grazing lease (Weyerhaeuser Company).

The following areas are excluded from general livestock grazing: The upper and lower Hayden Creek Riparian Exclosures and Fox Lake.


Allotment Name: Buck Mountain Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0103 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: Medford District*
Lakeview District
Total
1,120
7,022
8,142
Other Acres: Medford*
Lakeview
Total
8,420
33,300
41,720

*These acres are within the Medford District boundary but licensed for grazing by the Klamath Falls Resource Area, Lakeview District.

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 204 Deer: 1,643
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 204 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 948 Horses: 0
Total: 1,152 Total: 1,643
Season of Use: 5/15 - 9/1    

Identified Resources

Conflicts/Concerns

Management

Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
No forage allocations for elk use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet elk forage demands.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Constraints

The grazing lease for BLM lands (and the exchange of use listed), within this allotment is dependent on and tied to the intermingled private land grazing lease (Weyerhaeuser Company).


Allotment Name: Buck Lake Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0104 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
11,971
Other Acres:
4,380
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
  Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
 
Active Preference: 280 Deer: 2,129
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 280 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 169 Horses: 0
Total: 449 Total: 2,129
Season of Use: 6/15 - 9/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
No forage allocations for elk use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet elk forage demands.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Improve and maintain riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Constraints

Multiple use management of the allotment has been and will continue to be directed and adjusted via the Spencer Creek coordinated resource management planning (CRMP) process currently in place.


Allotment Name: Johnson Prairie Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0105 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
120
Other Acres:
400
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 12 Deer: 0
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 12 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 12 Total: 0
Season of Use: 5/1 - 10/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Dixie Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0107 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
Medford District*
Lakeview
Total
3,260
2,287
5,547
Other Acres:
Medford*
Lakeview
Total
14,060
8,200
22,260

*These acres are within the Medford District boundary but licensed for grazing by the Klamath Falls Resource Area, Lakeview District.

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs) Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 415 Deer: 928
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 100
Total Preference: 415 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 259 Horses: 50
Total: 674 Total: 1,078
Season of Use: 5/15 - 9/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.

Management system should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Improve and maintain riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.
Allotment comprises a large portion of the Pokegama Herd Management Area. Manage wild horse grazing levels on public lands to ensure a thriving natural ecological balance and prevent deterioration of the range.

Constraints

Officially listed threatened or endangered species and/or critical habitats occur within allotment. Mitigate all management practices, as needed, to ensure full compliance with the recovery plan in effect for the species in question.

Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Vegetation conversions must be coordinated to adequately address the needs of both big game and cattle. No more than 10 percent of current browse in deer winter range may be converted in any one year.

Allotment contains all or a portion of a portion of a wild horse herd management area. Management actions must be mitigated, as needed, to ensure free-roaming nature of the herd.

Ensure that substantial vegetation conversions do not significantly reduce the variety of plant species or communities in abundances necessary for their continued existence and proper functioning.

The exchange of use figure listed within this allotment is dependent on the renewal of the private land grazing lease (Weyerhaeuser Company).

The following area is excluded from general livestock grazing: Dixie Riparian Exclosure.


Allotment Name: Dry Lake Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0140 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
145
Other Acres
:
1,040
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 10 Deer: 10
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 10 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 145 Horses: 0
Total: 155 Total: 10
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None
 

Constraints

The grazing lease for BLM lands (and the exchange of use listed) within the allotment is dependent on and tied to the intermingled private land grazing lease (Weyerhaeuser Company).


Allotment Name: Chicken Hills Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0141 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
3,422
Other Acres:
5,340
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 80 Deer: 931
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 80 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 383 Horses: 0
Total: 463 Total: 931
Season of Use: 5/15 - 8/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded. Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.

Allotment Name: Long Lake Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0142 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
363
Other Acres:
1,160
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 18 Deer: 0
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 18 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 18 Total: 0
Season of Use: 6/15 - 8/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
No forage allocations for deer use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet deer forage demands.
Riparian or aquatic habitat may be in less than good habitat. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.

Allotment Name: Grubb Springs Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0147 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
3,524
Other Acres:
34,620
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 130 Deer: 650
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 130 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 454 Horses: 0
Total: 584 Total: 650
Season of Use: 5/1 - 8/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition.

Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use.


Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environ- mental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts with the allotment.
Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Constraints

Multiple use management of the allotment has been and will continue to be directed and adjusted via the Spencer Creek Coordinated Resource Management Planning process currently in place.

The grazing lease for BLM lands (and the exchange of use listed) is dependent on and tied to the intermingled private land grazing lease (Weyerhaeuser Company).


Allotment Name: Adams Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0800 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
40
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 6 Deer: 0
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 6 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total 6 Total: 0
Season of Use: 5/15 - 10/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Haught Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0801 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
400 Other Acres: 0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 27 Deer: 7
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 27 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 27 Total: 7
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Stock Drive Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0802 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
40 Other Acres: 0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 2 Deer: 0
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 2 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total 2 Total: 0
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: "J" Spring Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0803 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
320 Other Acres: 260
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 7 Deer: 6
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 7 Antelope: 2
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total 7 Total: 8
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Bar CL Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0804 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
480 Other Acres: 0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 20 Deer: 10
Suspended Nonuse: 22 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 42 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total 42 Total: 10
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: SE 80 Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0805 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
80
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 8 Deer: 1
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 8 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total 8 Total: 1
Season of Use: 5/1 - 10/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Two Mile Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0806 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
817
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 80 Deer: 16
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 16
Total Preference: 80 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total 80 Total: 32
Season of Use: 5/1 - 9/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Barnwell Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0807 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
1,708
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 100 Deer: 80
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 100 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total 100 Total: 80
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Important waterfowl habitat exists within allotment. Maintain or improve existing waterfowl habitat.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Lee Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0808 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
40
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 10 Deer: 0
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 10 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total 10 Total: 0
Season of Use: 6/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Important waterfowl habitat exists within allotment. Maintain or improve existing waterfowl habitat.

Allotment Name: Brown Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0809 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
80
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 30 Deer: 1
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 0 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 30 Total: 1
Season of Use: 6/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Important waterfowl habitat exists within allotment. Maintain or improve existing waterfowl habitat.

Allotment Name: Brenda Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0810 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
1,300
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 124 Deer: 24
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 24
Total Preference: 124 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 124 Total: 48
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Constraints

The grazing lease for BLM lands in this allotment is dependent on and tied to the intermingled private land grazing lease (Jeld-Wen, Inc.)


Allotment Name: Cheyne Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0811 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
840
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 51 Deer: 40
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 51 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 51 Total: 40
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Stukel-Coffin Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0812 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
760
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 55 Deer: 14
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 5
Total Preference: 55 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 55 Total: 19
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Plum Hills Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0813 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
160
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 20 Deer: 4
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 20 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 20 Total: 4
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Cunningham Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0814 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
840
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 108 Deer: 16
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 108 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 108 Total: 16
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Active erosion occurs in the allotment.
Maintain and improve erosion condition to moderate or better condition.

Allotment Name: Stukel-Dehlinger C Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0815 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
1,680
Other Acres:
560
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 240 Deer: 31
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 11
Total Preference: 240 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 46 Horses: 0
Total: 286 Total: 42
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded. Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Active erosion occurs in the allotment.
Maintain and improve erosion condition in moderate or better erosion condition.

Allotment Name: Stukel-Dehlinger H Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0816 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
440
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 30 Deer: 8
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 0 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 30 Total: 8
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Drew Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0817 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
720
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 72 Deer: 34
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 14
Total Preference: 72 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 72 Total: 48
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Bryant-Duncan Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0818 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
200
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 15 Deer: 4
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 15 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 15 Total: 4
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Dupont Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0819 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
79
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demand (AUMs)
Active Preference: 7 Deer: 0
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 7 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 7 Total: 0
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Flesher Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0820 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
160
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demand (AUMs)
Active Preference: 16 Deer: 4
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 16 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 16 Total: 4
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: North Horsefly Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0821 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
988
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 68 Deer: 18
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 68 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 68 Total: 18
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Jeld-Wen Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0822 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
3,122
Other Acres:
3,160
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 210 Deer: 59
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 20
Total Preference: 210 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 210 Total: 79
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Big game limited by unsatisfactory habitat condition.
Maintain and improve big game habitat in satisfactory condition.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.

Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Active erosion occurs in the allotment.

Maintain and improve erosion condition in moderate or better erosion condition.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat good or better habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in condition.

Constraints

The grazing lease for BLM lands within this allotment is dependent on and tied to the intermingled private land grazing lease (Jeld-Wen, Inc.)

The following area is excluded from general livestock grazing: The "Aspen" exclosure.


Allotment Name: North Horsefly Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0823 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
920
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 60 Deer: 17
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 60 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 60 Total: 17
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Jeld-Wen Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0824 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 360 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 36 Deer: 7
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 36 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 36 Total: 7
Season of Use: 6/1 - 7/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Constraints:

The grazing lease for BLM lands within this allotment is dependent on and tied to the intermingled private land grazing lease (Jeld-Wen, Inc.)


Allotment Name: Naylox Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0825 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
760
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs) Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 76 Deer: 14
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 76 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 76 Total: 14
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Haskins Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0826 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
560
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 80 Deer: 11
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 80 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 80 Total: 11
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Stukel-High Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0827 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
237
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 17 Deer: 5
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 17 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 17 Total: 5
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Big game limited by unsatisfactory habitat condition.
Maintain and improve big game habitat in satisfactory condition.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.

Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Active erosion occurs in the allotment.

Maintain and improve erosion condition in moderate or better erosion condition.

Allotment Name: Stukel-Hill Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0828 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
960
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs) Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 60 Deer: 18
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 7
Total Preference: 60 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 60 Total: 25
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Big game limited by unsatisfactory habitat condition.
Maintain and improve big game habitat in satisfactory condition.
Active erosion occurs in the allotment.

Maintain and improve erosion condition in moderate or better erosion condition.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition.

Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.

Allotment Name: Horton Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0829 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
760
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 26 Deer: 36
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 26 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 26 Total: 36
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.

Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Hungry Hollow Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0830 Livestock Kind: Horses
Public Acres:
280
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 40 Deer: 5
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 40 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 40 Total: 5
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Warlow Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0831 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
460
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs) Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 50 Deer: 8
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 3
Total Preference: 50 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 50 Total: 11
Season of Use: 5/1 - 9/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat good or better habitat condition.
Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in condition.


Allotment Name: Jesperson Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0832 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
1,578
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 158 Deer: 30
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 30
Total Preference: 158 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 158 Total: 60
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Bryant-Johnson Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0833 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
40
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 6 Deer: 0
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 6 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 6 Total: 0
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Kellison Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0834 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
335
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 19 Deer: 6
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 19 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 19 Total: 6
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

 


Allotment Name: Kethcham Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0835 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
320
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 20 Deer: 16
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 20 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 20 Total: 16
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.

Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Harpold Chaining Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0836 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
900
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 96 Deer: 101
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 96 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 96 Total: 101
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.

Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.

Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.

Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Bryant-Horton Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0837 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
1,249
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 130 Deer: 24
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 8
Total Preference: 130 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 130 Total: 32
Season of Use: 6/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Windy Ridge Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0838 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
600
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 52 Deer: 11
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 52 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 52 Total: 11
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.

Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.

Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.

Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.


Allotment Name: Bryant-Loveness Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0839 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
3,440
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 490 Deer: 161
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 21
Total Preference: 490 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 490 Total: 182
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded. Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.

Allotment Name: Bryant-Lyon Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0840 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
565
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 38 Deer: 11
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 38 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 38 Total: 11
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Marshall Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0841 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
348
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 14 Deer: 17
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 14 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 14 Total: 17
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Masten Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0842 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
485
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 40 Deer: 10
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 40 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 40 Total: 10
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Mc Auliffe Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0843 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
80
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 10 Deer: 1
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 10 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 10 Total: 1
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Paddock Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0844 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
440
Other Acres:
240
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 31 Deer: 8
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 31 Antelope: 3
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 31 Total: 11
Season of Use: 5/ 1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: K-Hills O'Connor Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0845 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
500
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 55 Deer: 10
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 55 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 55 Total: 10
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
  Management
Objectives
 
None      

Allotment Name: OK Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0846 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
1,260
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 105 Deer: 24
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 105 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 105 Total: 24
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Constraints

Allotment recently changed from sheep to cattle use via a grazing decision. The active preference listed above is an initial estimate of grazing capacity for cattle that will be monitored and adjusted if necessary in the future. The prior sheep preference was 140 AUMs.


Allotment Name: Swede Cabin Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0847 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
1,921
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 108 Deer: 36
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 108 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 108 Total: 36
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Special status species and/or habitat exists within the allotment.

Prevent significant risk to well-being of special status species and/or habitat from BLM-authorized actions.

Allotment Name: Pope Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0848 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 1,044 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 70 Deer: 19
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 70 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 70 Total: 19
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Rajnus Bros. Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0849 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 480 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 32 Deer: 10
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 32 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 32 Total: 10
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Wilkinson Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0850 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 320 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 18 Deer: 6
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 18 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 18 Total: 6
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.

Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Harpold Ridge Management Category: M
Allotment Number: 0851 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 1,043 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 108 Deer: 49
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 108 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 108 Total: 49
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Rodgers Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0852 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
2,549
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 249 Deer: 48
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 17
Total Preference: 249 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 249 Total: 65
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Big game limited by unsatisfactory habitat condition.
Maintain and improve big game habitat in satisfactory condition.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Active erosion occurs in the allotment.
Maintain and improve erosion condition in moderate or better erosion condition.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition.
Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.

Constraints

The following area is excluded from general livestock grazing: Van Meter Flat Reservoir exclosure.


Allotment Name: 7C Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0853 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
688
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 104 Deer: 13
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 104 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 104 Total: 13
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Special status species and/or habitat exists within the allotment.
Prevent significant risk to well-being of special status species and/or habitat from BLM-authorized actions.

Allotment Name: Jump Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0854 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
200
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 20 Deer: 4
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 20 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 20 Total: 4
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Bryant-Smith Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0855 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 1,140 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 109 Deer: 22
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 7
Total Preference: 109 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 109 Total: 29
Season of Use: 5/15 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.

Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition.
Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment.
Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Allotment Name: Bryant-Stastny Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0856 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 440 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 70 Deer: 8
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 3
Total Preference: 70 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 70 Total: 11
Season of Use: 5/10 - 9/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Bryant-Taylor Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0857 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 1,080 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 74 Deer: 14
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 4
Total Preference: 74 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 74 Total: 18
Season of Use: 4/15 - 9/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Allotment Name: Swan Lake Rim Management Category: M
Allotment Number: 0858 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 6,448 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 300 Deer: 121
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 116
Total Preference: 300 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 300 Total: 237
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Allotment Name: Cunard Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0859 Livestock Kind: Horses
Public Acres: 370 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 60 Deer: 7
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 60 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 60 Total: 7
Season of Use: 5/15 - 7/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Big game limited by unsatisfactory habitat condition.
Maintain and improve big game habitat in satisfactory condition.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Active erosion occurs in the allotment.
Maintain and improve erosion condition in moderate or better erosion condition.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.

Allotment Name: McCartie Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0860 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres:
545
Other Acres:
0
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)
Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 83 Deer: 25
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 83 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 83 Total: 25
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Constraints

Multiple use management of the allotment will be consistent with the Yainax Butte Coordinated Resource Management Planning (CRMP) process currently in place.


Allotment Name: Yainax Butte Management Category: M
Allotment Number: 0861 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 2,520 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 120 Deer: 119
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 120 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 120 Total: 119
Season of Use: 6/1 - 9/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Potential Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC) within this allotment. If designated, grazing management will be consistent with the ACEC management plan.

Constraints

Multiple use management of the allotment will be consistent with the Yainax Butte Coordinated Resource Management Planning (CRMP) process currently in place.

Allotment Name: Klamath Forest Estates Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0862 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 2,520 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 47 Deer: 47
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 47 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 47 Total: 47
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Constraints

Multiple use management of the allotment will be consistent with the Yainax Butte Coordinated Resource Management Planning (CRMP) process currently in place.


Allotment Name: Wirth Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0863 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 1,360 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 113 Deer: 25
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 113 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 113 Total: 25
Season of Use: 4/15 - 10/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Rajnus & Son Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0864 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 1,440 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 110 Deer: 28
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 110 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 110 Total: 28
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.

Allotment Name: Mills Creek Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0865 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 280 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 40 Deer: 5
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 40 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 40 Total: 5
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Bear Valley Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0876 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 5,018 Other Acres: 4,780

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 475 Deer: 94
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 475 Antelope: 34
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 475 Total: 128
Season of Use: 6/21 - 8/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.

Active erosion occurs in the allotment.

Maintain and improve erosion condition in moderate or better erosion condition.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition.

Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.


Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use.


Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or
exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established
by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM
authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.

Allotment Name: Bumpheads Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0877 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 9,220 Other Acres: 220

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 420 Deer: 173
Suspended Nonuse: 265 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 685 Antelope: 63
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 685 Total: 236
Season of Use: 4/15 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.

Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Grazing management system established but not formally documented.
Revise existing allotment management plan.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Allotment Name: Campbell Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0878 Livestock Kind: Horses
Public Acres: 1,465 Other Acres: 3,140

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)

Active Preference: 47 Deer: 28
Suspended Nonuse: 12 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 59 Antelope: 10
Exchange of Use: 173 Horses: 0
Total: 232 Total: 38
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition.
Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.

Allotment Name: Devaul Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0879 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 240 Other Acres: 320

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 12 Deer: 5
Suspended Nonuse: 15 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 27 Antelope: 2
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 27 Total: 7
Season of Use: 5/1 - 8/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition.
Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.

Allotment Name: Goodlow Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0881 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 285 Other Acres: 640

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 32 Deer: 6
Suspended Nonuse: 52 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 84 Antelope: 2
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 84 Total: 8
Season of Use: 5/1 - 8/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Horsefly Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0882 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 26,356 Other Acres: 4,779

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 2,656 Deer: 495
Suspended Nonuse: 2,075 Elk: 30
Total Preference: 4,731 Antelope: 181
Exchange of Use: 70 Horses: 0
Total: 4,801 Total: 706
Season of Use: 4/15 - 6/30, 10/1 - 10/30
   
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
No forage allocations for elk use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet elk forage demands.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment.
Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Special status species and/or habitat exists within the allotment. Prevent significant risk to well-being of special status species and/or habitat from BLM-authorized actions. Grazing use and management will be consistent with the biological opinion for the allotment.
Wetlands habitat in less than satisfactory condition.
Improve wetlands habitat condition to satisfactory or better.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.
Grazing management system established but not formally documented.
Revise existing allotment management plan.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Constraints

The following areas are excluded from general livestock grazing: The two Longbranch Creek exclosures (Norcross Pasture).

In the fall (10/1 - 10/30), after summer use on USFS lands, cattle are trailed through the allotment with short term stop overs in the Waterspreader pasture. Maximum use during this period is 204 AUMs.


Allotment Name: Horton Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0883 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 880 Other Acres: 342

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 58 Deer: 41
Suspended Nonuse: 211 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 269 Antelope: 6
Exchange of Use: 15 Horses: 0
Total: 284 Total: 47
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
Critical deer winter range occurs in allotment. Management systems should reflect the importance of deer winter range.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Allotment Name: Pankey Basin Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0884 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 282 Other Acres: 508

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)

Active Preference: 43 Deer: 5
Suspended Nonuse: 39 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 82 Antelope: 2
Exchange of Use: 95 Horses: 0
Total: 177 Total: 7
Season of Use: 5/1 - 8/1
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.

Allotment Name: Dry Prairie Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0885 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 7,231 Other Acres: 3,624

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)

Active Preference: 608 Deer: 149
Suspended Nonuse: 392 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 1,000 Antelope: 55
Exchange of Use: 275 Horses: 0
Total: 1,275 Total: 204
Season of Use: 4/15 - 8/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
No forage allocations for elk use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet elk forage demands.
Special status species and/or habitat exists within the allotment. Prevent significant risk to well-being of special status species and/or habitat from BLM-authorized actions. Grazing use and management will be consistent with the biological opinion for the allotment.
Wetlands habitat in less than satisfactory condition. Improve wetlands habitat condition to satisfactory or better.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.
Grazing management system established but not formally documented.
Revise existing allotment management plan.
Potential for grazing/recreation conflicts within the allotment. Grazing management should consider recreation concerns.

Allotment Name: Horse Camp Rim Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0886 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 9,180 Other Acres: 40

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 445 Deer: 172
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 445 Antelope: 63
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 445 Total: 235
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
No forage allocations for elk use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet elk forage demands.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.
Grazing management system established but not formally documented. Revise existing allotment management plan.

Constraints

The following area is excluded from general livestock grazing: 21 Reservoir exclosure.


Allotment Name: Pitchlog Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0887 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 9,280 Other Acres: 1,040

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)

Active Preference: 434 Deer: 174
Suspended Nonuse: 796 Elk: 37
Total Preference: 1,230 Antelope: 64
Exchange of Use: 80 Horses: 0
Total: 1,310 Total: 275
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
No forage allocations for elk use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet elk forage demands.
Special status species and/or habitat exists within the allotment. Prevent significant risk to well-being of special status species and/or habitat from BLM authorized actions. Grazing use and management will be consistent with the biological opinion for the allotment.
Wetlands habitat in less than satisfactory condition. Improve wetlands habitat condition to satisfactory or better.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.
Grazing management system established but not formally documented. Revise existing allotment management plan.

Constraints

The following area is excluded from general livestock grazing: The Pitchlog Creek exclosure.


Allotment Name: Rock Creek Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0888 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 2,750 Other Acres: 1,200
Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs) Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 216 Deer: 130
Suspended Nonuse: 639 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 855 Antelope: 19
Exchange of Use: 227 Horses: 0
Total: 1,082 Total: 149
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/20
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
No forage allocations for elk use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet elk forage demands.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.

Constraints

Grazing use and management of the allotment will be consistent with the Warm Springs Coordinated Resource Management Planning process currently in place.


Allotment Name: Timber Hill Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0889 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 2,937 Other Acres: 760

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 270 Deer: 55
Suspended Nonuse: 134 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 404 Antelope: 20
Exchange of Use: 34 Horses: 0
Total: 438 Total: 75
Season of Use: 6/21 - 7/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
No forage allocations for elk use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet elk forage demands.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.

Allotment Name: Willow Valley Management Category: I
Allotment Number: 0890 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 20,460 Other Acres: 887

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 1,320 Deer: 960
Suspended Nonuse: 444 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 1,764 Antelope: 141
Exchange of Use: 175 Horses: 0
Total: 1,939 Total: 1,101
Season of Use: 4/15 - 6/30
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
Under current management the range condition, level or pattern of utilization, and/or season-of-use may be unacceptable; or carrying capacity may be exceeded.
Maintain or improve rangeland condition and productivity through a change in grazing management practices, timing, and/or level of active use.
No forage allocations for elk use in the allotment have been made.
Allocate forage to meet elk forage demands.
Special status species and/or habitat exists within the allotment. Prevent significant risk to well-being of special status species and/or habitat from BLM-authorized actions.
Wetlands habitat in less than satisfactory condition. Improve wetlands habitat condition to satisfactory or better condition.
Riparian or aquatic habitat is in less than good habitat condition. Maintain and improve riparian or aquatic habitat in good or better habitat condition.
Water quality may not currently meet the Department of Environmental Quality water quality standards for beneficial use. Maintain and improve water quality on public lands to meet or exceed standards for beneficial uses, as specifically established by the Department of Environmental Quality, where BLM authorized actions are having a negative effect on water quality.
Grazing management system established but not formally documented. Revise existing allotment management plan.

Constraints

The following area is excluded from general livestock grazing: Duncan Spring/Antelope Creek exclosure.


Allotment Name: Williams Management Category: M
Allotment Number: 0892 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 1,790 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 75 Deer: 34
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 75 Antelope: 12
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 75 Total: 46
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/15
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Constraints

Multiple use management of the allotment will be consistent with the Yainax Butte Coordinated Resource Management Planning (CRMP) process currently in place.


Allotment Name: Fields Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0893 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 180 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 6 Deer: 4
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 6 Antelope: 1
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 6 Total: 5
Season of Use: 4/15 - 5/20
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Voight Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0894 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 112 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)

Active Preference: 8 Deer: 2
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 8 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 8 Total: 2
Season of Use: 5/1 - 6/14
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: Harpold Canyon Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0895 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 760 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 76 Deer: 20
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 76 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 76 Total: 20
Season of Use: 5/1 - 7/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Allotment Name: McFall Management Category: C
Allotment Number: 0896 Livestock Kind: Cattle
Public Acres: 600 Other Acres: 0

Grazing Administration Info. (AUMs)

Other Forage Demands (AUMs)
Active Preference: 60 Deer: 11
Suspended Nonuse: 0 Elk: 0
Total Preference: 60 Antelope: 0
Exchange of Use: 0 Horses: 0
Total: 60 Total: 11
Season of Use: 5/1 - 5/31
     
Identified Resources
Conflicts/Concerns
Management
Objectives
None  

Potential Range Improvements by Allotment

(See notes at the end of table for explanation of details.)

Allotment Name/#
(Pasture)
Type of
Improvement

Units
Cost($)/
Unit

No.

Cost($)
Chase Mt.(0101) Reservoir each 1,200 3 3,600
Edge Crk.(0102) (Ward)
Reservoir
Fence
Veg. Control
each
mile
acre
1,200
3,000
90
3
3
500
3,600
9,000
45,000
(Edge Crk.& North) Reservoir each 1,200 1 1,200
Buck Mt. (0103) Fence mile 3,000 3 9,000
Buck Lake (0104)
Fence
Reservoir
mile
each
3,000
1,200
3
1
9,000
1,200
Johnson Prairie (0105) Fence mile 3,000 0.5 1,500
Dixie (0107) Fence mile 3,000 4 12,000
Chicken Hills (0141) Reservoirs each 1,200 5 6,000
Long Lake (0142)
Reservoirs
Fence
each
mile
1,200
3,000
2
3
2,400
9,000
Grub Springs (0147)
Spring
Reservoirs
each
each
2,300
1,200
1
2
2,300
2,400
Haught (0801) Veg. Control acre 90 100 9,000
"J" Spring (0803)
Spring
Veg. Control
each
acre
2,300
90
1
80
2,300
7,200
Barnwell (0807)

Reservoir
Fence
Veg. Control
each
mile
acre
1,200
3,000
90
1
2
80
1,200
6,000
7,200
Lee (0808) Fence mile 3,000 1 3,000
Brown (0809) Fence mile 3,000 1 3,000
Brenda (0810) Veg. Control acre 90 60 5,400
Cheyne (0811) Reservoir each 1,200 1 1,200
Stukel-Dehlinger (0815)
Reservoir
Veg. Control
each
acre
1,200
90
1
80
1,200
7,200
Stukel-Dehlinger (0816)
Veg. Control
Reservoir
acre
each
90
1,200
40
1
3,600
1,200
Drew (0817)

Reservoir
Veg. Control
Fence
each
acre
mile
1,200
90
3,000
1
100
2
1,200
9,000
6,000
Bryant-Duncan (0818)
Reservoir
Veg. Control
each
acre
1,200
90
1
100
1,200
9,000
Flesher (0820) Veg. Control acre 90 80 7,200
North Horsefly (0821) Reservoirs each 1,200 2 2,400
Jeld-Wen (0822)
Veg. Control
Reservoirs
acre
each
90
1,200
280
2
25,200
2,400
North Horsefly (0823) Reservoir each 1,200 1 1,200
Jeld-Wen (0824)
Reservoir
Veg. Control
each
acre
1,200
90
1
80
1,200
7,200
Haskins (0826) Veg. Control acre 90 80 7,200
Stukel-High (0827)
Veg. Control
Reservoir
acre
each
90
1,200
80
1
7,200
1,200
Stukel-Hill (0828)
Reservoir
Veg. Control
each
acre
1,200
90
1
80
1,200
7,200
Horton (0829)

Reservoir
Spring
Veg. Control
each
each
acre
1,200
2,300
90
2
1
100
2,400
2,300
9,000
Jesperson (0832) Veg. Control acre 90 100 9,000
Ketcham (0835) Veg. Control acre 90 80 7,200
Harpold (0836)
Veg. Control
Reservoir
acre
each
90
1,200
500
1
45,000
1,200
Windy Ridge (0838)

Reservoir
Fence
Veg. Control
each
mile
acre
1,200
3,000
90
2
1
80
2,400
3,000
7,200
Bryant-Loveness (0839) Veg. Control acre 90 100 9,000
Bryant-Lyon (0840) Veg. Control acre 90 40 3,600
Marshall (0841) Veg. Control acre 90 80 7,200
Masten (0842) Veg. Control acre 90 40 3,600
Paddock (0844)
Fence
Reservoir
mile
each
3,000
1,200
2
1
6,000
1,200
OK (0846)

Reservoir
Fence
Veg. Control
each
mile
acre
1,200
3,000
90
4
5
200
4,800
15,000
18,000
Pope (0848)
Veg. Control
Reservoir
acre
each
90
1,200
180
1
16,200
1,200
Rajnus Bros. (0849) Veg. Control acre 90 80 7,200
Wilkinson (0850)


Reservoir
Spring
Fence
Veg. Control
each
each
mile
acre
1,200
2,300
3,000
90
1
1
2
100
1,200
2,300
6,000
9,000
Harpold Ridge (0851)

Reservoir
Spring Veg.
Control
each
each
acre
1,200
2,300
90
2
1
100
2,400
2,300
9,000
Rodgers (0852)

Reservoir
Fence
Veg. Control
each
mile
acre
1,200
3,000
90
2
3
350
2,400
9,000
31,500
Jump (0854) Veg. Control acre 90 80 7,200
Bryant-Stastny (0856) Reservoir each 1,200 1 1,200
Venable & Biaggi (0858)
Spring
Veg. Control
each
acre
2,300
90
1
200
2,300
18,000
Cunard (0859)
Spring
Veg. Control
each
acre
2,300
90
2
80
4,600
7,200
Wirth (0863) Reservoir each 1,200 1 1,200
Rajnus & Son (0864)
Reservoir
Veg. Control
each
acre
1,200
90
1
200
1,200
18,000
Mills Creek (0865)
Reservoir
Fence
each
mile
1,200
3,000
1
1
1,200
3,000
Bear Valley (0876)


Reservoir
Fence
Veg. Control
Springs
each
mile
acre
each
1,200
3,000
90
2,300
1
2
500
2
1,200
6,000
45,000
4,600
Bumpheads (0877)
Fence
Veg. Control
mile
acre
3,000
90
2
500
6,000
45,000
Devaul (0879) Fence mile 3,000 1 3,000
Goodlow (0881)
Reservoir
Fence
each
mile
1,200
3,000
1
1
1,200
3,000
Horsefly (0882)

Reservoir
Fence
Veg. Control
each
mile
acre
1,200
3,000
90
2
4
3000
2,400
12,000
270,000
Horton (0883)
Reservoir
Veg. Control
each
acre
1,200
90
1
100
1,200
9,000
Panky Basin (0884)
Reservoir
Fence
each
mile
1,200
3,000
2
1
2,400
3,000
Dry Prairie (0885)


Reservoir
Spring
Fence
Veg. Control
each
each
mile
acre
1,200
2,300
3,000
90
3
1
4
400
3,600
2,300
12,000
36,000
Horse Camp Rim (0886)
Fence
Veg. Control
mile
acre
3,000
90
1
1000
3,000
90,000
Pitchlog (0887)

Fence
Veg. Control
Reservoirs
mile
acre
each
3,000
90
1,200
2
1000
2
6,000
90,000
2,400
Rock Creek (0888) Veg. Control acre 90 200 18,000
Timber Hill (0889)

Reservoir
Spring
Veg. Control
each
each
acre
1,200
2,300
90
2
1
100
2,400
2,300
9,000
Willow Valley (0890)


Reservoir
Spring
Fence
Veg. Control
each
each
mile
acre
1,200
2,300
3,000
90
2
2
4
1500
2,400
4,600
12,000
135,000
Voight (0894) Veg. Control acre 90 40 3,600
Harpold Canyon (0895) Veg. Control acre 90 100 9,000
McFall (0896) Reservoir each 1,200 1 1,200
           

Notes on Range Improvements Table:

  • All range improvements listed are for the benefit of multiple resource management and will provide for the rehabilitation, protection and improvement of public rangeland ecosystems. The projects listed in this table may be funded from a variety of sources besides the traditional "range betterment" funds (authorized and allocated by Congress through section 401(b) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act) including wildlife, fire, riparian, and others. It is expected that during the life of the plan not all of the listed projects will be completed and that some not listed will be implemented. Such changes will be due to future funding constraints or directions, priorities, policies, laws, activity planning, the outcome of Allotment Monitoring Evaluations, and other unknowns. The public will be informed of such changes through the Rangeland Program Summary update found in the Annual Program Summary. (Note: This list of projects is for new improvements; maintenance and/or reconstructions of existing projects, as needed, is already covered by current Bureau policy.)
  • The majority of the Vegetation Control ("Veg. Control") acres listed in the table are for juniper management/reduction via cutting, although other vegetative conversion techniques, such as fire, may be used when consistent with Bureau policy and procedures. Vegetation manipulation of other vegetative types (such as big sagebrush or wedgeleaf ceanothus) may also be done as part of some allotments vegetation control activities.
  • Unit costs of the listed range improvements are based on 1991-92 average costs for the Resource Area and are the same figures as listed in the Draft Resource Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement. The actual costs of a given project could be more or less depending on specifics of design, complexity and difficulty of completion, changes in materials and labor costs, and other factors.

Selective Management

The goals and objectives derived through the planning process are prioritized and incorporated into the range land management program through the selective management process. The purpose of selective management is to prioritize allotments so as to direct management efforts and funding to the areas or allotments with the greatest needs and/or opportunities. The "I" category allotments receive the most management attention, followed by "M" allotments, with "C" allotments receiving the least attention, relatively.

An interdisciplinary team of resource specialists from the Klamath Falls Resource Area reviewed all allotments within the resource area during the draft Resource Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement process for changes in categorization. The original categorization of allotments was done in the early 1980s and revision was needed to reflect changes in allotment status since that time. The parameters used in this process are listed below, by the three categories, and are consistent with the Bureau's categorization criteria outlined in the 1982 Rangeland Improvement Policy. (The criteria are not listed in a priority order, although on any given allotment some criteria may have more weight than others.) See the allotment specific tables in the section entitled Allotment Management Summaries for the designated selective management category for each allotment.

Criteria of M, I, C Categories

"M" Or Maintain

  • Present range condition is satisfactory.
  • Allotments have moderate or high resource production potential and are producing near their potential (or trend is moving in that direction).
  • No serious resource-use conflicts/controversy exist.
  • Opportunities may exist for positive economic return from public investments.
  • Present management appears satisfactory.

"I" Or Improve

  • Present range condition is unsatisfactory.
  • Allotments have moderate to high resource production potential and are producing at relatively low to moderate levels (trend is typically static to downward).
  • Serious resource use conflicts/controversy exists.
  • Opportunities exist for positive economic return from public investments.
  • Present management appears unsatisfactory.

"C" Or Custodial

  • Present range condition is not a factor.
  • Allotments have low resource production potential and are producing near their potential (trend is typically static).
  • Limited resource use conflicts/controversy may exist.
  • Opportunities for positive economic return on public investment do not exist or are constrained by technological or economic factors.
  • Present management appears satisfactory or is the only logical practice under existing resource conditions.

Note that an allotment does not have to meet all the criteria points in order to be designated as a particular category and managed by category objectives. It is more of a "best fit" concept versus an "exact fit". For example, most of the allotments in the Gerber Block continue to be designated as "I" category even though significant improvements in riparian and upland vegetative conditions have occurred in many areas. These allotments remain as "I" because of the intensity of public interest in the Gerber Riparian Demonstration Area, the need to continue focusing efforts on management implemented to date, continued opportunities to derive positive returns from expenditures of public funds, and other allotment specific reasons. (Also note that allotment categorization is a relative comparison of allotments within a planning area (that is, the Klamath Falls Resource Area) and allows no accurate comparison with other areas.)

Range Land Monitoring and Evaluation

Purpose of Monitoring

  • To determine the effects of management actions on the range land resources.
  • To determine the effectiveness of on-the-ground management actions in achieving resource management objectives within planned time frames.
  • To provide quantifiable data to identify and support needed management actions.
  • To provide quantifiable data for the periodic review of management objectives.

Monitoring Methods

Monitoring methods must be suitable for the vegetation types and resource conditions that will be encountered. The capability of the methods to detect subtle changes due to management over short periods of time must be carefully considered.

For monitoring data to be meaningful over time, there must be consistency in the kinds of data that are collected and the manner in which they are collected. However, the need for changes in sampling may occasionally arise when problems are detected during a cursory review of the collected data, when analyzing and interpreting the data, or when conducting an evaluation. Serious consideration must be given to the effect changes will have on the historical value of existing data.

The methods briefly discussed here are the methods currently in use and/or planned for future use within the Klamath Falls Resource Area. These methods are consistent with Klamath Falls Resource Area "Coordinated Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for Grazing Allotments", State monitoring guidance, and Bureau Policy. For further information and specifics the following Bureau guidance will be used: the Oregon Rangeland Monitoring Handbook, H-1734-2 (1988); the Rangeland Monitoring Technical References, TR 4400 series; the Riparian Area Management Technical References, TR 1737 series; the BLM Manual Handbooks, 4100 and 4400 series (including the National Range Handbook); and various BLM Washington Office and State Office level Instruction Memorandums. (Refer to the resource area monitoring and evaluation plan for more specifics on all of the following. This plan is available for review at the Klamath Falls Resource Area office.)

Actual Use

Actual use monitoring provides information concerning the actual amount of grazing use occurring on an area during a specific time period. It is a record of livestock, wildlife, and/or wild horse use in each pasture of an allotment and represents forage consumed in terms of animal unit months. Livestock actual use is provided by the permittees. Data is verified by field checks and other use supervision.

The report includes livestock numbers, pasture usage, and turnout/gathering dates.

Wild horse actual use, in animal unit months, is determined by multiplying inventoried (census) numbers by the grazing period in a given area. The Pokegama Herd Management Area, within the Klamath Falls Resource Area, is located totally within the Dixie (0107) and Edge Creek (0102) allotments.

Estimates of wildlife actual use will be requested from the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, through the BLM wildlife biologists.

Actual use is collected annually on all "I" and "M" allotments.

Utilization

Utilization data are collected to provide information concerning the percentage of forage that has been consumed or destroyed on an area during a specific period of time. It can also portray the grazing patterns on a pasture or allotment. Utilization data are important in evaluating the effects of grazing use on specific areas and identifying areas of concentrated use that may be dispersed by some form of range improvement.

In the short term, utilization data are considered with actual use and climatic data to determine resource use levels and to identify the need for range improvement projects, adjustment in management actions, and/or adjustments in grazing use levels. These data can be used as the basis for implementing adjustments in grazing use through agreement or by decision.

In the long term, utilization data are considered along with actual use, authorized use, trend, climate, and any other data available or necessary for allotment evaluation. Evaluations are conducted to determine if the grazing management actions and/or practices are achieving the long term management objectives identified in the land-use and activity plans.

The primary methods used in the Klamath Falls Resource Area are the Key Forage Plant method, the Modified Cole Browse method, and Utilization Pattern Mapping. The Key Forage Plant method is an ocular estimate method of judging utilization within one of six utilization classes on one or more key herbaceous and/or browse species, usually at established key areas within an allotment. (Key species are forage species that indicate the degree of use of associated species, or they are species which must, because of their importance, be considered in the management program. Key areas are indicator areas that have the capability to reflect the effectiveness of management on the resources of a larger area within an allotment/pasture.) The Modified Cole Browse method measures utilization of key wildlife browse plant species by all users. Utilization (or Use) Pattern Mapping records use made, within the six utilization classes used in the Key Forage Plant method, by all grazing animals. Key Forage Plant method write-ups may be utilized during Use Pattern Mapping to document the precise utilization taking place at selected locations during the mapping process.

Utilization is usually expressed as a percentage of available, current years production, forage weight that has been consumed or destroyed. The standard time for use mapping and utilization measurement should be at the end of the growing season or the end of the grazing season, whichever occurs later. Exceptions to this will occur as noted in the earlier referenced Technical References. One likely exception may be the reading of utilization prior to cattle use when it is desirable to differentiate (where possible) the use by cattle from that of wildlife or wild horses.

Utilization studies are read every one to two years on "I" allotments, every three to five years on "M" allotments, and as needed on "C" allotments.

Trend

Trend data are important in determining the effectiveness of on-the-ground management actions and evaluating progress toward meeting management objectives. Trend refers to the direction of change and indicates whether rangeland vegetation is being maintained or is moving toward or away from the desired plant community or other specific vegetation management objectives. Trends of rangelands may be judged by noting changes in composition, density, cover, production, vigor, age class, and frequency of the vegetation, and related parameters of other resources.

The trend techniques used in the Klamath Falls Resource Area are the Nested Frequency and Photo Plot methods. The Nested Frequency method consists of observing the frequency of occurrence (presence/absence) of key plant species within a specific size measurement frame. When frequency transect data indicate a statistically significant change in the frequency of occurrence of the key plant species, the change is evaluated to see if the specific management objectives for the range lands represented by the key area are being met. In addition, both a landscape and a close-up photograph are taken each time a transect is sampled.

The Photo plot method is also used to measure trend includes taking a close-up photograph of the three by three foot plot and a general view photograph of the study site. There are numerous photo plots within the Klamath Falls Resource Area that were established in the 1970's. Continuation of these studies for the purpose of long term photo documentation of changes in the rangelands is extremely important.

Once established, trend studies are read every three to five years on "I" allotments and every ten years on "M" and "C" allotments.

Condition

The Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 1978 definition of "range condition" may be summarized as "the degree to which the present plant community resembles the plant community that best satisfies range management objectives." The Ecological Site Inventory is the Bureaus' method of determining condition or ecological status of range land vegetation. The Ecological Site Inventory determines the composition of the existing vegetation by species, within defined homogeneous vegetation types, based on production (weight). Ecological status is use-independent and is defined as the present state of the vegetation and soil protection of an ecological site in relation to the potential natural community for that site. The potential natural community is a final vegetative community that would eventually become established, without interference by man, under present environmental conditions. Ecological status is an expression of the relative degree to which the kinds, proportions, and amounts of plants in the present plant community resemble that of the potential natural community. The Ecological Site Inventory determines the potential of a given range site allowing the eventual development of ecological status or desired plant community objectives. These vegetative objectives would define a plant community to maintain or strive for that would best meet the needs identified by the public. An ecological site inventory is planned for the Klamath Falls Resource Area, tentatively to begin in 1999, after which more specific desired plant community objectives would be developed. Condition will, however, be determined on high priority allotments, at key areas concurrent with trend studies.

Once established, condition monitoring of the Ecological Site Inventory would be done a minimum of once every fifteen years on all category allotments. Condition would, however, be read sooner if trend studies indicated that a statistically significant change in trend was occurring.

Climate

Climate studies provide a comparison of specific grazing season climatic conditions with long-term normals. Crop year (September through June) precipitation accounts for approximately 80 percent of the variation in vegetation production in Great Basin type plant communities. The Forage Yield Index developed at the Squaw Butte

Experiment Station will be used, as appropriate, to adjust forage utilization (F. Sneva and C.M. Britton 1983). Climate data collected at the Klamath Falls National Weather Service Station will be used due to its central location within the resource area.

Evaluation

The analysis and interpretation of inventory and monitoring data is extremely important in the evaluation of management actions to determine progress in meeting resource management objectives. In addition, an evaluation of monitoring information is necessary to establish or affirm the Appropriate Management Level for the wild horse population in the Pokegama Herd Management Area. The evaluation process must be carefully accomplished to determine if adjustments in grazing use and management actions are needed, and if so, to what extent. Although we believe the grazing use changes proposed in this plan are accurate, reasonable, and supportable, all changes in grazing use on an allotment will be based on the results of an interdisciplinary evaluation of range land monitoring studies, as outlined below. Similarly, the appropriate management level of 30 to 50 wild horses affirmed by this plan is believed to be an accurate appropriate management level, based on professional judgement, for the area encompassed by the Herd Management Area.

The major steps involved in the evaluation process are:

Assemble and display monitoring and other data. Review and summarize available data which has been collected from baseline inventories, monitoring studies, supplemental studies and other sources;

Analyze Data. Perform all necessary calculations of data; and

Interpret Data. After the data has been analyzed, it is interpreted to determine whether the results show a trend or have remained static over time for each type of study. This includes interpreting individual data sets and examining their interrelationships.

In order to assess a proper stocking level or carrying capacity, the following formula may be used (from BLM TR-4400-7):

Actual Use (animal unit months) = Desired Use (animal unit months)

Adjusted Utilization (percent) Desired Utilization (percent)

  • Actual Use - Amount of use in animal unit months made by livestock, wild horses, and wildlife
  • Adjusted Utilization - Actual utilization level(s) observed via monitoring studies as modified by the yield index
  • Desired Utilization - The maximum utilization objective for the area monitored
  • Desired Use - The proper stocking level (or population level for wild horses and wildlife), based on the monitoring studies used in the calculations, that would allow meeting of the utilization objective.

Evaluate Data. The data is evaluated for consistency, reliability, strong and weak points, completeness and accuracy. If the results of the interpretation indicate a trend, the evaluation attempts to determine the causes of the trends and establish a course of action for future management.

Review Management Objectives. Management objectives must be evaluated, as well as the monitoring data, in order to make sure that the objectives are meaningful. In order for management actions to be monitored and progress to be evaluated, the objectives must be measurable and quantifiable as well as simple and understandable. They must also have a probability of attainment within a reasonable time frame. In some cases, detection of a trend toward the desired value may be sufficient to justify continuation of the management practice being evaluated, especially on low response areas where vegetation objectives will be attainable only in the long term. In these cases, intermediate objectives may be useful in evaluating the progress.

Evaluate Progress in Meeting Management Objectives. This process determines if management objectives have been met or if adequate progress toward achieving them has occurred or if management objectives or monitoring techniques need redefining.

Summarize Findings and Make Recommendations. The formal evaluation concludes with the proposing of concise management recommendations as well as recommendations on changing monitoring techniques, management objectives, key areas, or key species.

By policy, allotment monitoring evaluations are done every five years on "I", every ten years on "M" category allotments, and as needed on "C" allotments.

General Allowable Use Guidelines

Allowable use is the degree of utilization considered desirable, given our best understanding of proper use, and attainable on various parts of the range or allotment considering the present nature and condition of the resource, management objectives, and level of management. Proper use is a maximum degree of utilization of the current year's growth which, if continued, will maintain or improve the long-term productivity of the site. Proper use varies with the year, season, the ecological site, the physiological requirement of the plant species, associated species, kind of livestock and species of wildlife, past grazing use, and other factors.

The importance of utilization limits has been well established and widely accepted in range research. A minimum level of plant biomass should be present at the end of the growing season to maintain the soil, plant vigor, livestock and wildlife diet quality, and wildlife habitat values. The consequences of continued overutilization are also widely documented. The removal of too much photosynthetic tissue from individual plants results in reduced plant vigor, and if continued, eventual demise of the plants involved. Repeated defoliations of preferred species results in a competitive disadvantage and eventual shifts in plant community composition. Deterioration of the vegetation eventually results in soil loss and reduced site potential.

The degree of allowable use identified for a key plant species for several years serves as a guideline or reference point to evaluate the impacts grazing may be having on the overall welfare of the plant community. In monitoring degrees of utilization, the primary concern is the trend in the community resulting from various levels of use. There are regulatory requirements for the establishment of utilization levels including the following: 43 Code of Federal Regulations 4100.0-8, "The authorized officer shall manage livestock grazing on public lands under the principle of multiple use and sustained yield, and in accordance with applicable land use plans. Land use plans shall establish allowable resource uses..., related levels of production or use to be maintained [emphasis added], areas of use, and resource condition goals and objectives to be obtained...". Also, 4110.3-2(b) states that, "When monitoring shows that active use is causing an unacceptable level or pattern of utilization [emphasis added] or exceeds the livestock carrying capacity as determined through monitoring, the authorized officer shall reduce active use if necessary to maintain or improve rangeland productivity...".

The following degrees of allowable use were developed as a set of definitive criteria to assist in managing range land vegetation on a sustained yield basis. This table is meant to be used as an area guideline and will be tempered by site specific judgement and experience during future evaluation and activity planning efforts. For example, "flash" grazing rotation systems (high intensity - short duration with multiple rotating pastures) are presently implemented on some allotments in the Gerber Block. This system may result in spring perennial grass utilization levels higher than that listed in the table (50 percent), but the higher level would be allowable due to the lengthy time after grazing for regrowth. In fact, after average regrowth, the total utilization level of current years growth would probably be less than 50 percent. Generally, most research has found that utilization should not exceed the moderate range (40 to 60 percent). Utilization objective levels may be adjusted downwards from the table figures for allotments/pastures where quicker improvement in condition objectives are desired. Also, the occasional exceeding of a utilization level objective on a small percentage or low resource concern portion of an allotment (such as around a water trough or salt block) may not key changes in management. However, exceeding the utilization objective on an important riparian area, though small in acreage, may well lead to changes in management. This may affect use on surrounding upland areas even though full upland utilization may have not been achieved.

For the following table, spring is considered to be the period of active vegetative growth; summer is flowering, seed production, and some regrowth; fall is cured and late regrowth. There is no winter grazing use within the Klamath Falls Resource Area. This table is generally for upland areas; riparian areas are covered in Appendix F, best management practices.

Degree of Allowable Use (by Percentage)
Plant Category* Spring Summer Fall Season-long
Perennial grasses & grasslike 50 50 60 50
Perennial & biennial forbs 50 50 60 50
Shrubs, half shrubs & trees 30 50 50 45
Annual grasses & forbs No annuals are expected to be key species

* Plant category is used instead of species, as key species vary from area to area and this approach allows for wider application and greater flexibility. It is also appropriate to the general nature of this Resource Management Plan. For the types of vegetative communities found in the Klamath Falls Resource Area, research has indicated that key forage plants within each plant category have similar requirements and responses to similar utilization levels.

Grazing in Riparian-Wetland Areas

Objectives

Riparian zones and wetlands would be managed to protect, maintain, or improve riparian habitat for wildlife and native plant diversity. By 1997, 75 percent of BLM-administered riparian-wetland areas would be restored or maintained inproper functioning condition. Proper functioning condition exists when adequate vegetation, landform, or large woody debris are present to: dissipate stream energy associated with high water flows; filter sediment, capture bedload and aid floodplain development; improve floodwater retention and groundwater recharge; develop stabilizing root masses, create aquatic habitat; and insulate streams for summer and winter extremes.

Grazing management practices in riparian zones would either provide for regrowth of riparian plants or leave sufficient vegetation after use for maintenance of proper functioning condition.

Discussion

A primary mechanism for stream restoration is the development of new floodplains and banks. Paramount to this process is the presence of dense vegetation on the existing floodplain during spring flooding events to slow flood waters and allow suspended sediment to settle. Also necessary is the presence of vigorous plant growth to stabilize these new alluvial deposits. Grazing systems must accommodate these critical functions by providing residual cover for sediment filtering and good vegetative vigor for stability. Residual cover is a function of both utilization level and, for herbaceous species, post-grazing regrowth.

There is a complex set of both natural and human-controlled factors that influence the response of a riparian-wetland area to a particular grazing system. These include, but are not limited to: kind and class of stock; learned behavior of livestock social groups; non-riparian water and shade sources; terrain and weather influences; herding, riding, and salting practices; fencing locations; grazing system compliance; wildlife uses,

especially beaver and big game; soils; bank and channel vulnerability to detachment; and stream gradient and sediment load. Grazing systems which consider only upland plant growth requirements will generally not meet riparian-wetland site requirements. However, a grazing strategy designed to protect or encourage only riparian-wetland site requirements. Optimally, grazing strategies should be designed to concurrently meet the needs of both upland and riparian vegetation over time.

Management Actions/Direction

Because of the complexity involved in managing riparian-wetland systems, there are many variation of grazing strategies that can be used in riparian-wetland areas, and no one grazing strategy will fit all situations. In general, the most successful strategies for protecting or restoring these areas incorporate one or more of the following features:

  • inclusion of the riparian-wetland area within a separate pasture with separate management objectives and strategies;
  • fencing or herding of livestock out of riparian-wetland areas for as long as necessary to allow vegetation to recover;
  • controlling the timing of grazing to keep livestock off streambanks when they are most vulnerable to damage and to coincide with the physiological needs of target plant species;
  • adding more rest ot the grazing cycle to increase plant vigor, allow streambanks to heal, or encourage more desirable plant species composition;
  • limiting grazing intensity to level which will maintain desired species composition and vigor;
  • changing from cattle to sheep to obtain better animal distribution through herding;
  • permanently excluding livestock from those riparian-wetland areas that are at high risk and have poor recovery potential, and when there is no practical way to protect them while grazing adjacent uplands.

For specific riparian-wetland areas in the Klamath Falls Resource Area, a grazing strategy would be developed using one or more of the features listed above. This grazing strategy would be developed at the activity planning level, through an allotment evaluation and the development of an Allotment Management Plan. These allotment management plans would contain allowable use guidelines for the riparian-wetlands in the allotment as part of the grazing strategy. Allowable use of forage is based on the amount of forage that will be left at the end of the overall grazing season or the end of the growing season, whichever is later. These guidelines would generally follow the utilization standards below, which include cumulative annual use by big game and livestock:

  Maximum Annual Utilization (percent)
  Proper Functioning Condition Functional - At Risk
or Nonfunctioning
Utilization Standards in
Riparian-Wetland Areas
Herbaceous Woody Herbaceous Woody
Riparian Areas with Management 50 50 0-40 0-35
Riparian Areas without Management 40 30 0-30 0-25

In addition to these allowable use guidelines, grazing would be scheduled to allow at least 30 days of post-grazing regrowth annually.

Allotment management plans could include utilization standards which are either lower or higher than those outlined above, or could prescribe late season use of riparian vegetation. This prescription could occur when associated with intensive grazing systems and specific vegetation management objectives that meet the needs of riparian-dependent resources.