Land Tenure Adjustments
Make land tenure adjustments to benefit a variety of uses and values. Emphasize opportunities that conserve biological diversity or enhance timber management opportunities. As a matter of practice, O&C forest lands allocated to timber management would only be exchanged for lands to be managed for multiple-use purposes.
Meet the following objectives for the 3 land tenure adjustment zones:
Make BLM administered lands in Zones 1, 2, and 3 available for a variety of uses as authorized by Section 302 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, the Recreation and Public Purposes Act, and special recreation permits.
Manage newly acquired lands for the purpose for which they are acquired or consistent with the management objectives for adjacent BLM administered lands. If lands with unique or fragile resource values are acquired, protect those values until the next plan revision.
Eliminate unauthorized use of BLM administered land.
Land Use Allocations
See Map 10 for location of land tenure zones.
See Table 16 for legal descriptions of Zone 3 lands.
Management Actions/Direction for Riparian Reserves
Use land acquisition, exchange, and conservation easements to meet Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives and facilitate restoration of fish stocks and others species at risk of extinction.
Management Actions/Direction for Late-Successional Reserves
Consider land exchanges when they will provide benefits equal to or better than current conditions.
Consider land exchanges especially to improve area, distribution, and quality (connectivity, shape, and contribution to biodiversity) of Late-Successional Reserves and where public and private lands are intermingled.
Management Actions/Direction for All Land Use Allocations
Use the land tenure adjustment criteria shown in Appendix J when conducting environmental analyses for site-specific proposals. Application of these criteria may result in retention of some Zone 3 lands.
Maintain or increase public land holdings in Zone 1 by retaining public lands and acquiring nonfederal lands and interests in land with high public resource values. The primary mode of acquisition will be through exchange of BLM administered lands in Zones 2 and 3. Utilize purchases and donations if exchange is not feasible. All fee acquisitions will be with willing sellers.
Consult with County governments prior to completing any exchange.
Consider the effect of land tenure adjustments on the mineral estate. If the lands are not known to have mineral potential, or in an exchange if the mineral potential is deemed equal, the mineral estate will normally be transferred simultaneously with the surface estate.
Minimize impact on local tax base by emphasizing exchanges rather than fee purchase.
Make exchanges to enhance public resource values and/or improve land patterns and management capabilities of both private and BLM administered land within the planning area by consolidating ownership and reducing the potential for land use conflict.
Consider transfer of BLM administered land to other Federal agencies or acquisition of other Federal lands where consistent with public land management policy and where improved management efficiency would result. Those tracts specifically identified for transfer to or from other Federal agencies are listed in Table 17. Consider conveying the subsurface mineral interest owned by the United States to the existing or proposed owner of the surface estate consistent with FLPMA Section 209(b).
Prohibit disposal of Zone 2 lands through sales under Section 203(a) of FLPMA. Zone 2 lands may be transferred to other public agencies or managed under some form of cooperative agreement. Nonfederal lands and interests in land with high public resource values may be acquired in Zone2. The primary mode of acquisition will be through exchange of BLM administered lands in Zones 2 and 3. Utilize purchases and donations if exchange is not feasible. All fee acquisitions will be with willing sellers.
Dispose of Zone 3 lands through sale under Section 203(a) of FLPMA if no viable exchange proposals can be identified. Zone 3 lands could also be transferred to another Federal agency or State or local government as needed, to accommodate community expansion or other public purposes.
Acquire nonfederal mineral interests for lands where the Bureau owns the surface estate only by exchange, donation, or other means available by State law.
Where the Bureau's objectives can be met with less than fee ownership, conservation easements may be considered and acquired. Acquisitions of lands and interests in lands may be made anywhere within Land Tenure Zones 1 and 2 when consistent with management objectives. Where directed by Congress, including through the appropriation of Land and Water Conservation Funds, lands and interests in land may be acquired anywhere within the District.
Approve disposals under the Color-of-Title Act, as amended, when an applicant can establish that the legal requirements of the Act have been met for Class 1 claims in all zones. For Class 2 claims, approve disposals in Zones 2 and 3 when the requirements of the Act are met, unless important recreation, wildlife, watershed, threatened or endangered species habitat and/or cultural values are identified during disposal clearance reviews for individual tracts.
Approve disposals under the Recreation and Public Purposes (R&PP) Act in Zones 2 and 3 based upon the site-specific application of the land ownership adjustment criteria, where the proposal is otherwise consistent with the provisions of the plan. One tract in Section 15, T.18 S., R.12W., W.M. (Cannery Dunes parcel) is specifically identified as suitable for transfer to the City of Florence under the R&PP Act.
To accommodate the entitlement of the State of Oregon to select additional lands to fulfill the grant made upon its entry into the Union in 1859 as provided in a 1992 court decision, make public domain lands in Zones 2 and 3 available for "in lieu" selection by the Division of State Lands. Process selection applications in accordance with the procedures and policy specified in Bureau Manual 2621 and give them favorable consideration to the greatest extent possible within the constraints of applicable law. Find any selected lands containing threatened or endangered species or their critical habitat for which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service renders a jeopardy opinion upon consultation unsuitable for transfer to the State.
Approve new land use authorizations in all zones to resolve agricultural and occupancy trespasses provided that such authorizations would be consistent with other provisions of the plan and would not adversely impact important recreation, wildlife, watershed, threatened or endangered species habitat and/or cultural values. Do not approve any other land use authorizations for agricultural or residential occupancy purposes.
Do not approve leases or permits under any authority for landfills or other solid waste disposal facilities, nor for any proposals involving the use, storage or disposal of hazardous materials.
Realign the Salem/Eugene District boundaries and sustained yield unit boundaries to administratively transfer jurisdiction of Salem District lands in the Lake Creek watershed to the Eugene District and Eugene District lands in the Lobster Creek watershed, as well as all Eugene District ownership in Sections 17 and 21 of Township 15 South, Range 8 West, to the Salem District.