# BLM OR Quads 1:24,000 (7.5-Minute) Polygon

## Frequently-asked questions:

### What does this data set describe?

Title:
BLM OR Quads 1:24,000 (7.5-Minute) Polygon

Abstract:
`QUADS24_POLY: This theme depicts the 1:24,000 quadrangles for Oregon and Washington as defined in North American Datum 1927 (NAD27). These quads show the approximate extent of and align with the NAD27 corner ticks as displayed on USGS Topoquads.`

Supplemental information:
`BLM (Bureau of Land Management), USGS (United States Geological Survey), GNIS (Geographical Names Information System), NGNDB (National Geographic Names Database) As described in the process steps these data were created on a regular grid of latitude/longitude to depict the 1:24,000 quadrangles covering Oregon and Washington and the surrounding areas as defined in North American Datum 1927 (NAD27). Due to the fact the dataset was originally created in NAD27 the values of coordinates defining the corners of the quads will only be those of the definition in the original datum. Once data is projected to a different datum the values will be correctly modified mathematically to reflect the change to the new projection. These quads show the approximate extent of the USGS topographic quadrangles. Since this data is constructed from corner points with straight lines connecting the corners, it does not take into account the curve between corner points introduced by the use of the UTM projection used to produce the topoquad maps. Thus this dataset is only a depiction of the extent of the topoquad. The corners of each of these quadrangles should align with the NAD27 ticks displayed on USGS topoquads in any projection used.`

1. How should this data set be cited?

BLM and USGS, 19990101, BLM OR Quads 1:24,000 (7.5-Minute) Polygon: OR BLM, Portland, OR.

Other citation details:
Quads24

2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

Bounding coordinates:
West: -125
East: -116
North: 49.5
South: 41.5

3. What does it look like?

4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

Calendar date: 19990101
Currentness reference:
`publication date`

5. What is the general form of this data set?

Geospatial data presentation form: vector digital data

6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

Indirect spatial reference:
Oregon Washington

This is a Vector data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
• GT-polygon composed of chains (4657)

2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

7.5-minute Quad Polygons
`Polygons at intervals of 7.5 minutes of latitude and longitude (Source: BLM)`

objectid
```Internal feature number. (Source: ESRI)
```

Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.

alt_ohiocode
```The USGS Ohio code for the 24k (7.5-minute) quad, with the row/column coding listed last. (Source: BLM)
```

Ohio Code for the quad, with the row/column coding listed last; for example, 44117A2 (in which the 44 is the latitude, 117 the longitude of the SE corner of a one degree by one degree block; 'A" refers to the first 7.5' row and '2' refers to the second 7.5' column, as measured from the SE corner.

name
```The name of the 24k quad. (Source: BLM)
```

A name up to 30 characters long. This will be the most current name given to a 24k quad, as determined by a query of the GNIS database.

ohiocode
```The USGS Ohio code for the 24k (7.5-minute) quad, with the row/column coding listed first. (Source: BLM)
```

Ohio Code for the quad, with the row/column coding listed first; for example, A244117 (in which the 44 is the latitude, 117 the longitude of the southeast corner of a one degree by one degree block; 'A' refers to the first 7.5' row and '2' refers to the second 7.5' column, as measured from the southeast corner).

old_name
```The alternative name of the 24K quad, usually the old name of a quad that has been renamed. (Source: BLM)
```

A name up to 30 characters long. A value will only be present if there is a known previous name or alternative name for the quad and that name can be verified with the USGS.

q100
```The USGS Ohio code for the 100K (1 degree X .5 degree) quad. (Source: BLM)
```

100K Ohio code for the quad; for example, E145120 (in which the 45 is the latitude, 120 the longitude of the southeast corner of a one degree by one degree block; 'E' refers to the fifth 7.5' row and '1' refers to the first column in a 1 degree x 1 degree quad, as measured from the southeast corner). All 100K Ohio codes begin with either 'A1' or 'E1', as this is derived from the 7.5-minute quad located in the southeast corner of the 100K quad.

shape
```Feature geometry. (Source: ESRI)
```

Coordinates defining the features.

SHAPE_Length
```Length of feature in internal units. (Source: ESRI)
```

Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.

SHAPE_Area
```Area of feature in internal units squared. (Source: ESRI)
```

Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.

Entity and attribute overview:
```There are two attributes and descriptions, for the most part identical, of the Ohio code of a quad. The second attribute (ALT_OHIOCODE) is in the format provided by USGS. Translation to the format used in the first attribute (OHIOCODE) was required for use in many database programs (e.g. Informix, Oracle) because often, when dealing with a character field, the database program will not accept a numeral in the first space.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------```
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### Who produced the data set?

1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

• BLM and USGS

2. Who also contributed to the data set?

3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

Corey Plank
Bureau of Land Management
Lead Cartographer
`P.O. Box 2965`
Portland, OR97201
US

(503) 808-6427 (voice)
cplank@blm.gov
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### Why was the data set created?

`Resource Management Planning`

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### How was the data set created?

1. Where did the data come from?

USGS NGNDB (source 1 of 3)

USGS, 19980301, National Geographic Names DataBase.

Type of source media: None
Source contribution:
`Attributes`

USGS Map Name (source 2 of 3)

USGS, 19940501, USGS 7.5 Minute Quadrangles.

Type of source media: hardcopyPaper
Source scale denominator: 24000
Source contribution:
`Attributes`

BLM QUADS24 (source 3 of 3)

BLM, 19990101, BLM QUADS24.

Type of source media: onLine
Source scale denominator: 24000
Source contribution:
`Lines`

2. What changes have been made?

Date: 19990901 (change 1 of 2)
`The source coverage was generated in Arc/Info using a computer program that created the polygons at 7.5-minute intervals of latitude and longitude. Another computer program used the latitude/longitude of the SE corner of the polygons to calculate their Ohio codes. The Ohio codes were then translated to alternate Ohio codes by moving the first two characters in the string to the end of the string. The GNIS NGNDB was related to the Ohio codes to populate the common names field. GNIS NGNDB was compared to a USGS file, and where quad names disagreed, the name from the USGS file populated the alternate name field. The Q100 Ohio code field was populated from the Ohio code of the 7.5-minute quad in the SE corner of each 100K quad.`

Person responsible for change:
Eric Hiebenthal
ORSO BLM/Titan Systems
GIS Data Specialist
`PO Box 2965`
Portland, OR97208
US

503-808-6565 (voice)
ehiebent@blm.gov

Date: 20050101 (change 2 of 2)
`Data was reprojected to Geographic NAD83 and loaded into the BLM corporate SDE instances as a stand alone feature class.`

Person responsible for change:
Bryant Mecklem
Bureau of Land Management, OSO
SDE Administrator
`P.O. Box 2965`
Portland, OR97208
US

(503) 808-6506 (voice)
bmecklem@blm.gov

Data sources used in this process:
• quads24

Data sources produced in this process:
• quads24_poly

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### How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

1. How well have the observations been checked?

`The Ohio codes were generated based on the latitude/longitude of the SE corner of the polygon, while the alternative Ohio codes were calculated from the original, moving the first two characters to the end of the string. The common names were attributed by relating a GNIS database to the Ohio codes. The alternative common names were attributed by relating a USGS database to the Ohio codes, using only those names that did not match the original common names. The Q100 Ohio codes were generated based on the latitude/longitude of the SE corner of the 100K quad that the 7.5-minute quad fell in. The results were visually checked for accuracy.`

2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

`Unknown`

3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

`Unknown`

4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

`This theme covers all lands in Oregon and Washington as well as parts of California, Nevada, Idaho, British Columbia, Alberta and the Pacific Ocean.`

5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

`This theme was created by generating the lines at a .125 degree interval. There are no node errors or open polygons. This theme was built with polygon topology. The original defined datum is NAD27.`

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### How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access constraints: PUBLIC DATA: None, these data are considered public domain.
Use constraints:
`These data are provided by Bureau of Land Management (BLM) "as is" and may contain errors or omissions. The User assumes the entire risk associated with its use of these data and bears all responsibility in determining whether these data are fit for the User's intended use. The information contained in these data is dynamic and may change over time. The data are not better than the original sources from which they were derived, and both scale and accuracy may vary across the data set. These data may not have the accuracy, resolution, completeness, timeliness, or other characteristics appropriate for applications that potential users of the data may contemplate. The User is encouraged to carefully consider the content of the metadata file associated with these data. These data are neither legal documents nor land surveys, and must not be used as such. Official records may be referenced at most BLM offices. Please report any errors in the data to the BLM office from which it was obtained. The BLM should be cited as the data source in any products derived from these data. Any Users wishing to modify the data should describe the types of modifications they have performed. The User should not misrepresent the data, nor imply that changes made were approved or endorsed by BLM. This data may be updated by the BLM without notification.`

Distributor 1 of 1

1. Who distributes the data set?

Eric Hiebenthal
Bureau of Land Management
GIS Data Management Specialist
`P.O Box 2965`
Portland, OR97208
US

503-808-6340 (voice)
503-808-6419 (FAX)
ehiebent@blm.gov
Contact Instructions:
`contact instructions`

2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

Downloadable Data

3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

`The BLM assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions. No warranty is made by the BLM as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of these data for individual use or aggregate use with other data; nor shall the act of distribution to contractors, partners, or beyond, constitute any such warranty for individual or aggregate data use with other data. Although these data have been processed successfully on computers of BLM, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by BLM regarding the use of these data on any other system, or for general or scientific purposes, nor does the fact of distribution constitute or imply any such warranty. In no event shall the BLM have any liability whatsoever for payment of any consequential, incidental, indirect, special, or tort damages of any kind, including, but not limited to, any loss of profits arising out of the use or reliance on the geographic data or arising out of the delivery, installation, operation, or support by BLM.`

4. How can I download or order the data?

• Cost to order the data: Contact distributor.

• Special instructions:

`Data are only available through the Oregon/Washington State office of the Bureau of Land Management.`

5. Is there some other way to get the data?

6. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?

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### Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 20051122
Last reviewed: 20141114

Metadata author:
Roger Mills
Bureau of Land Management, Oregon State Office
GIS Specialist
`P.O. Box 2965`
Portland, OR97208
US

(503) 808-6340 (voice)
(503) 808-6419 (FAX)
r2mills@blm.gov
Hours of Service: 8:00-4:00
Contact Instructions:
`None`

Metadata standard:
FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata(FGDC-STD-001-1998)

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