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BLM Programs>Nevada>BLM Programs>Minerals>Hard Rock Mining
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Locatable Minerals - Hard Rock Mining


•   BLM Mineral Policy Statement

•   Land Records (LR2000 and Nevada Plats)

•   Bonding

•   BLM Information Bulletins and Instruction Memorandums related to Minerals in Nevada 

•   Voluntary - 3809 Plan of Operations Outline/Format 

Most Federal surface management agencies, as well as individual states, have regulations to protect the surface resources during exploration and mining activities.

2014 Mining Workshop Presentations

*The documents are not fully Section 508 compliant. If you need help in using the data or information here, please contact Lacy Trapp at 775-861-6599.*

Environmental Assessment Requirements

•   National Environmental Policy Act  (NEPA)

•   Memorandum of Understanding for Mining Environmental Impact Statements within the State of Nevada.  Entered into by - US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and US Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Nevada 

•   MOU for Mining and Mineral Related Activities within the State of Nevada Nevada Division of Environmental Protection, Humboldt-Toyabe NF, Inyo NF, BLM Nevada

•   Clarification of Native American Consultation Responsibilities  (IM-2005-008)

•   Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP)

Surface Management

•   43 CFR Subpart 3800 

•   Groundwater Modeling Guidance for Mining Activities

•   Ecological Risk Assessment Guidelines for Open Pit Mine Lakes in Nevada 


Reclamation of disturbed sites is a requirement after completion of exploration and mining activities. To avoid duplication, the BLM, Forest Service, and Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on various aspects of mine permitting and reclamation in Nevada.

•   BLM Reclamation Regulations  (3809.420)

•   NDEP Reclamation Regulations  (State)

•   BLM/NDEP/USFS Guidelines for Successful Revegetation

•   Drill Hole and Well Abandonment Policy for Activities Approved under 43 CFR 3809

•   SRCE Policy and Procedures

•   SRCE-based Reclamation Cost Model (2016 version 3.2) with Calculators for Notice Level Exploration

•   SRCE cost data file, mob/demob file, and source data files

•   Nevada Standardized Reclamation Cost Estimator (SRCE)

•   Heap Leach Draindown Estimator (HLDE) Version 1_2

•   Heap Leach Pad Process Fluids Cost Estimator (PFCE)

•   Sustainable Development Within Communities - Northern Nevada Partnership

•   Uranium Reclamation Protocol


•   Closure Guide  (State of Nevada)

•   Closure Policy  (BLM Reclamation/Closure Policy Requirements)

Mining Claim Links

Where Can Claims be Located
Types of Claims
1872 Mining Law
Who Can Stake a Claim
Mining Claim Fee Requirements
State Requirements
Documents to File with County
Other Associated Filings
Stock Raising Homestead Act
Patenting a Claim
Surface Management
Use and Occupancy
Mining Claim Forms
Mining FAQs
Mining Claims 

The General Mining Law of 1872, as amended, left it up to the individual states to develop their own mining claim recordation procedures. In Nevada, the official office to file mining claim recordation documents under state law is the County Recorder's Office . Much later, the owner of unpatented mining claims and sites were required by the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (FLPMA) of 1976 (Sec. 314) to ALSO file with the BLM a COPY of the "official record of the instrument filed or recorded" under state law. In Nevada, the proper BLM office to file a copy of an official mining claim record is the BLM Nevada State Office, at the following address:

Bureau of Land Management
1340 Financial Blvd.
Reno, NV 89502 

 *** New!! BLM Payment Portal ***

Mining clamants can now pay their annual maintenance fees online at

•   Filing Requirements

•   For all BLM forms, visit the following website:

•   See State of Nevada's Division of Minerals (NDOM) website for Nevada's Mining Claim forms

•   For Small Miner Exemptions, use the Maintenance Fee Waiver, BLM Maintenance Fee Waiver Form 3830-2 

•   For Affidavit of Annual Assessment Work, BLM Affidavit of Annual Assessment Work Form 3830-4

•   For Maintenance Fee Payment on Lode Claims, Mills Sites, and Tunnel Sites, use the Maintenance Fee Payment Form 3830-5

•   For Maintenance Fee Payment on Placer Claims, use the Maintenance Fee Payment Form 3830-5a

•   Nevada Revised Statutes (NRS) Chapter 517: Mining Claims, Mill Sites and Tunnel Rights

•   Locating Mining Claims 43 CFR 3830
•   Locating Mining Claims 43 CFR 3832

•   Recording Mining Claims and Sites 43 CFR 3833
•   Required Fees for Mining Claims or Sites 43 CFR 3834
•   Waivers From Annual Maintenance Fees 43 CFR 3835
•   Annual Assessment Work Requirements for Mining Claims 43 CFR 3836
•   Acquiring a Delinquent Co-Claimant's Interest in a Mining Claim or Site 43 CFR 3837
•   Locating Mining Claims on Stockraising Homestead Act Lands 43 CFR 3838

Mineral Patents

Since October 1, 1994, Congress has imposed a budget moratorium on BLM acceptance of any new mineral patent applications. Until this moratorium is lifted, the BLM cannot accept any new mineral patent applications. 

The BLM administers the mineral patent program through its 12 State Offices and the Headquarters office. The program has two essential components, adjudication and mineral examination. Land law examiners in each State Office adjudicate applications for completeness and compliance with the law and regulations. Once the application has successfully passed through the adjudication process, the case is assigned to the appropriate BLM field office for a formal mineral examination to verify the discovery of a valuable mineral deposit on the mining claims and/or proper use or occupancy for any mill sites. 
Mineral examiners perform mineral examinations and compile the mineral report demonstrating the applicant’s compliance with the General Mining Law which provides for a successful mining claimant the right to patent mining claims or sites if they meet the statutory requirements. Applications not demonstrating a discovery or proper use or occupancy are subject to a mineral contest proceeding and possible loss of the associated mining claims and sites. If the mineral report confirms the discovery of a valuable mineral deposit and/or proper use and occupancy for any associated mill sites, the application is forwarded to the Secretary of the Interior for final review/action and potential patent.