Solid Minerals

Mineral development is an important land use within BLM's multiple-use mandate. Federally-owned minerals on public lands can be categorized into three major types: locatable minerals, leasable minerals, and saleable mineral materials.

Locatable Minerals -
Mining Law
 Leasable Minerals Saleable Mineral Materials
Gold Ore Potash Mine Gravel and Rocks

Locatable minerals are subject to the General Mining Law of 1872, as amended. Locatable minerals are solid minerals such as gold, silver, molybdenum, uranium, and uncommon varieties of some other minerals. The minerals are developed and managed as Federal unpatented mining claims and sites.

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Leasable minerals are subject to the various Mineral Leasing Acts. Leases are issued for specific periods of time, and the lessee pays a rental fee and royalties on the minerals produced. One half of the revenues collected from Federal mineral leasing are distributed to the state where the minerals are produced.

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Saleable minerals are subject to the Materials Act of 1947, as amended. Mineral materials are some of our most basic natural resources, such as sand, gravel, dirt, and rock used in every day building and other construction uses. These materials generally are bulky and have low unit price. Their sheer weight makes their transportation costs very high. Adequate local supplies of these basic resources are vital to the economy of any community.

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White-Nose Syndrome in Bats

Photo of Little Brown Bat with White-Nose Syndrome

Interim Management Policies and Procedures with Regard to the Management of Those Caves Having Significant Bat Roosts through the Issuance of Special Recreation Permits

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Energy & Minerals