ADR/Conflict Prevention Program
The ADR/Conflict Prevention Program is the primary resource within BLM
for conflict prevention and alternative dispute resolution. We can assist
external stakeholders such as the public, other government agencies,
and non-governmental organizations, as well as Bureau employees in obtaining
advice & assistance in using these conflict management strategies
to improve working relationships & increase opportunities for early
public involvement in Bureau decision-making.
Cadastral and Land Title Information
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has extensive current and historical
information about land ownership and use in the United States. The agency
maintains cadastral survey and historical data on lands patented, along
with information on the mineral estate, resource conditions, and permits
or leases on Federal lands.
- Cadastral survey / Geographic Coordinate
Data Base (GCDB)
On-the-ground surveys for establishing Federal and Tribal boundaries
and graphical depictions of the Public Land Survey System
- Land Patent Records
/ General Land Office Title Information
Live access to the General Land Office Records Website maintained
at BLM's Eastern States office in Virginia. Searchable database lets
users research 4+ million records for all BLM states. Images of documents
can be printed by users for 2+ million records. Additional records
are being added to the website daily.
- Land Survey
Information System (LSIS)
GeoCommunicator’s Land Survey Information System is an Internet
mapping application to display, download or stream the Public Land
Survey System - PLSS (township, range, section, aliquot). The PLSS
is computed from BLM survey records (official plats and field notes),
local survey records, and geodetic control information.
- Public Land Orders
Implementation of the authority granted to the Secretary of the Interior
by the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 to make, modify,
extend, or revoke land withdrawals
Cultural Heritage and Fossil Resources
The Bureau of Land Management is dedicated to better serving you, our customer.
Customer Service is one of our highest priorities, and it calls for putting
customers first and striving for a "customer-driven government" that
matches or exceeds the best service available in the private sector.
Management Council Survey
According to a national survey, most residents of western states who visited
public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management were satisfied with
- Use Authorization
Survey Results (685KB PDF)
The following report provides customer feedback to the BLM from some of its
commercial customers. This information is used to help the BLM improve the
products and services it provides to the American public.
Service First is a partnership to improve customer service by providing seamless,
one-stop shopping in a convenient, efficient, and effective way. (Please note
that this link will take you to the U.S. Forest Service website.)
Impact Agency Goal Update
Table summarizing just two of our major goals to provide better service to
our customers, along with our accomplishments thus far in achieving these
and Technical Assistance
in Lieu of Taxes (PILT)
Payments made for tax-exempt Federal lands administered by the BLM, the National
Park Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. Forest Service,
and for Federal water projects and some military installations
Energy and Minerals
The public lands provide myriad opportunities for commercial activities. Commercially
valuable natural resources include energy and mineral commodities, forest products,
grazing forage, and special uses such as rights-of-way for pipelines and transmission
- Minerals, Realty & Resource
Managing commercial energy and mineral production from the public
lands in an environmentally sound and responsible manner
- Fluid Minerals
The BLM is responsible for the leasing of Federal oil and gas and
geothermal minerals. The BLM is also responsible for supervising the
exploration, development and production operations of these resources
on both Federal and Indian lands. The BLM also manages helium operations
on Federal lands
- Solid Minerals
The BLM is responsible for maintaining viable national policies and
processes for solid minerals resources under Federal jurisdiction.
Solid minerals include coal and non-energy leasable minerals, hardrock
minerals on acquired lands, locatable minerals, and salable minerals.
- Mining Law
Management of Minerals under the Mining Laws
- Mineral Materials
How the BLM disposes of construction materials
- Solid Leasables
Federal leasing of non-energy minerals such as phosphate, potassium,
Leasing of coal on Federal lands
- National Energy Initiatives
Recommendations made in The National Energy Policy adopted by the
President specifically affect some of the BLM's energy-related activities.
Site Location and Patenting
On Friday, October 10, Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management
Rebecca Watson announced that the Department of the Interior is issuing
a final rule to improve regulations on locating, recording and maintaining
mining claims or sites. The final rule includes a provision, based
upon a new Solicitor's opinion, which will restore the Department's
traditional interpretation of the mining law's mill site provisions.
BLM Announces New Oil Shale Research, Development and Demonstration
Effort on Public Lands
In a move that will advance America’s efforts to boost domestic
oil production and in response to growing interest from high-technology
groups, the Bureau of Land Management today announced terms and conditions
for oil shale research, development and demonstration on public lands.
The BLM strives to realize healthier and more productive public lands through
better informed citizens who are willing to participate and assist in solving
complex environmental problems. This site offers teacher resources, classroom
activities, and a wealth of other learning opportunities relating to the 264
million-acre laboratory of BLM managed public lands.
Wildlife & Botany
Of BLM’s 261 million acres, the Bureau manages 55 million acres of forests and
woodlands, including 11 million acres of commercial forest and 44 million acres
of woodlands within 11 western States and Alaska. Fifty-three million acres
are productive forests and woodlands on Public Domain lands and 2.4 million
acres are on Oregon and California Grant lands in western Oregon.
- Stewardship Contracting
Stewardship contracting involves caring for the land through broad-based community public and community involvement.
Geospatial Information Systems
In the business of managing public lands, the BLM collects and utilizes a great
deal of information related to or describing a piece of land and the resources
on and under it. Data might be information about bird nesting sites or wild
horse herd use areas. It might be legal land survey information or legal descriptions
of land parcels. The common thread is that this information is tied to the land.
The technical term for this information is "geospatial data."
Geocommunicator is an Internet website for the distribution of spatial
data from the National Integrated Land System (NILS) including the
Public Land Survey System (PLSS), Federal Land Stewardship and BLM
Land and Mineral Use Records.
An Internet application and map streaming service for display
of the land boundaries delineating the surface management agency
and contact information for federal lands in the U.S.
& Mineral Use Records
An Internet mapping application to search, display and access
land and mineral case data such as oil and gas leases, agreements,
mining claims, ROWs, and more from the BLM’s Land and Mineral
Recordation System- LR2000.
Land Survey Information System (LSIS)- PLSS Land Grid
Internet mapping application to display, download, or
stream data from the Public Land Survey System - PLSS (township,
range, section, aliquot). The PLSS is computed from BLM survey
records (official plats and field notes), local survey records,
and geodetic control information.
The Federal E-government portal for sharing, locating and
accessing geospatial data, live maps, map images, planned data collection
activities, and data collection partnerships.
Kids and the BLM
The BLM encourages children to learn about the public lands and to consider
employment at the BLM as a future career choice.
and Minerals Records - LR2000
The BLM has established a web site from which the public may now access land
and minerals information from the agency's LR2000 data base. This site provides
a direct access to services that previously required a visit to an information
access center at one of the BLM's regional offices.
& Mineral Use Records- Spatial Display
GeoCommunicator’s Land & Mineral Use Records is an Internet
mapping application to search, display and access land and mineral case
data such as oil and gas leases, agreements, mining claims, ROWs, and
more from the BLM’s Land and Mineral Recordation System- LR2000.
Realty and Cadastral Survey
The BLM provides for acquisition, use, disposal, and adjustment of land resources;
determines the boundaries of Federal land; and, maintains historic records for
these ownership transactions.
Landscape Conservation System
The Bureau of Land Management has established the National Landscape Conservation
System (NLCS) to help protect some of the nation’s most remarkable and
rugged landscapes. The system includes the agency's National Monuments, Congressionally
designated National Conservation Areas, and other areas designated for important
scientific and ecological characteristics.
- National Monuments
- National Scenic & Historic Trails
- Wild & Scenic Rivers
- Wilderness and Wilderness Study
- Other National Conservation Designations
The BLM has a long history of collaborating with communities to help
manage almost 261 million acres of public lands. These lands are managed
for multiple uses in three broad categories: commercial activities,
recreation, and conservation.
Planning (Land Use Planning)
The mission of the BLM Planning, Assessment, and Community Support Group
is to provide national leadership and direction and to secure the resources,
science, and data
to develop policy, guidance, and tools, which in turn enable BLM Field
Offices to produce and implement collaborative and sustainable land
use plans and all NEPA compliance documents. The products of the staff
are critical to meeting Congressional direction to revise and update
the BLM's land use plans that are fundamental to the long-term use and
enjoyment of the public lands.
- BLM manual and handbook for land-use planning.
Under Federal law, the BLM prepares land-use plans that serve as the
basis for all activities that occur on BLM-managed lands. Access the
BLM's revised manual
(85KB PDF) and handbook
(1.7MB PDF) for land-use planning here.
New Mexico Releases Plan for Otero and Sierra Counties
Text of letter from BLM Director Kathleen Clarke to Governor Bill
Richardson responding to the Governor's appeal of the consistency
Agency Relationships The cooperating agency role derives
from the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), which called
on federal, state, and local governments to cooperate with the goal
of achieving “productive harmony” between humans and their
Public Land Statistics
The BLM public lands provide visitors with a vast array of recreational opportunities.
These include hunting, fishing, camping, hiking, boating, hang gliding, off-highway
vehicle driving, mountain biking, birding, and visiting natural and cultural
heritage sites. The BLM administers 205,498 miles of fishable streams, 2.2 million
acres of lakes and reservoirs, 6,600 miles of floatable rivers, over 500 boating
access points, 69 National Back Country Byways, and 300 Watchable Wildlife sites.
The BLM also manages 4,500 miles of National Scenic, Historic, and Recreational
Trails, as well as thousands of miles of multiple use trails used by motorcyclists,
hikers, equestrians, and mountain bikers.
Reducing Threats to Public
Health, Safety, and Property
Historical mining activity has resulted in many unreclaimed hardrock mines
located on BLM-managed lands. BLM works with Federal and State partners to
identify and evaluate the need for cleanup of sites that are polluting watersheds
or causing other kinds of environmental degradation. Moreover, BLM also works
to remedy physical safety hazards at AML sites and to warn visitors to the
public lands about the many dangers that abandoned mines can pose.
The BLM's law enforcement program is responsible for protecting public safety
and resources across the nation's 264 million acres of BLM-managed public
land, which it does in partnership with state and local law enforcement agencies.
Office of Fire and Aviation
Restoring and Maintaining
the Health of the Land
Soil is one of the most fundamental and basic of our resources -- as much so
as water and air. We need healthy soil to grow food for humans and other animals,
and products that we use on a daily basis. Without healthy soil the landscape
would be barren. In order to properly manage the public lands the BLM is entrusted
with, we must understand soil processes and how they contribute to the health
of our rangelands
More than 17,000 volunteers contribute to the care of public lands by supporting
the work of the BLM each year, from conducting field work in remote locations
to providing administrative support in some of BLM’s busiest offices.
horses and burros