Bureau of Land Management
For Immediate Release: Thursday, June 1, 2006
100 Years of Historic Preservation to be Celebrated
|Public Affairs Representatives||BLM Program Contacts|
|Montana||Greg Albright, 406-896-5260||Cultural: Richard Brook||202-452-0326|
|Wyoming||Cindy Wertz, 307-775-6014||
Recreation: Angie West
|Colorado||Denise Adamic, 303-239-3671||Education: Carolyn Cohen||202-785-6583|
|New Mexico||Hans Stuart, 505-438-7510||and/or Derrick Baldwin||970-882-5628|
|Idaho||Shelley Davis-Brunner, 208-373-4020||AZ-Cultural: Gary Stumpf||602-417-9236|
|Utah||Adrienne Babbitt, 801-539-4061||CO-Cultural: Dan Haas||303-239-3647|
|Lola Bird, 801-539-4033||NM-Cultural: Steve Fosberg||505-438-7415|
|Arizona||Deborah Stevens, 602-417-9215||UT-Cultural: Garth Portillo||801-539-4276|
|Diane Drobka, 928-348-4403||Anasazi Heritage Ctr. (CO): LouAnn Jacobson||970-882-5616|
|California||John Dearing, 916-978-4622|
|Oregon||Maya Fuller, 503-808-6437|
|Nevada||JoLynn Worley, 775-861-6515|
|Alaska||Doug Stockdale, 907-474-2264|
|Eastern States||Peggy Riek, 703-440-1716|
Places to Visit/Story Ideas (a short list … call BLM state contacts for more!)
Lowry Pueblo, Colorado: By AD 600, the first farmers in southwestern Colorado were building stone villages, now called pueblos. One of the largest villages was Lowry Pueblo, a fascinating archaeological site located within the Canyons of the Ancients National Monument. Once home to about 100 people, the 1,000-year-old settlement was constructed by farmers who also hunted small game, made elaborately decorated pottery, and wove cotton obtained by trade. Today’s visitors can travel back in time to get a sense of what it might have been like to live at Lowry Pueblo in AD 1125. For more information, contact LouAnn Jacobson, BLM, Anasazi Heritage Center, 27501 Highway 84, Dolores, CO 81323; email: LouAnn_Jacobson@blm.gov; telephone: (970) 882-5626.
Empire Ranch, Arizona: The historic Empire Ranch is the centerpiece of the Las Cienegas National Conservation Area, 45 miles southeast of Tucson. The main ranch house, constructed mostly of adobe, includes 22 rooms and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. By 1906 the ranch, one of the largest in Arizona, covered almost a million acres and grazed about 40,000 head of cattle. Citizens concerned about the preservation of Tucson’s watershed and the natural resources of the area worked with the government to arrange a land exchange through BLM to acquire the heart of the Empire, nearly 50,000 acres, in 1988. For more information about this important piece of Arizona history, contact Lorraine Buck, BLM, Tucson Field Office, 12661 East Broadway, Tucson, AZ 85748; email: Lorraine_Buck@blm.gov; telephone: (520) 258-7240.
The Pueblitos of Dinétah, Northwestern New Mexico: In 1912, stories told by Hispanic sheepherders of "pueblitos"-- stone fortresses hidden among cliffs and boulder fields -- drew curious visitors to the Dinétah region of northwest New Mexico. They were built by Navajos who had moved into New Mexico's canyonlands between 1500 and 1700, fleeing the Spanish soldiers who were capturing Navajos and sending them south to work the silver mines in Zacatecas. Some were built to shelter farm families during raids, others shielded religious leaders and the elderly, still others served as lookouts and signaling sites. Each reflects a time when frontiers were crossed, alliances made and broken, the worlds of Pueblo, Navajo, Spanish, and Ute met, and the Southwest was changed forever. For more information about these fascinating sites, contact James Copeland, Bureau of Land Management, Farmington Field Office, 1235 La Plata Highway, Suite A, Farmington, NM 87401; email: Jim_Copeland@blm.gov; telephone: (505) 599-6335.
Red Gulch Dinosaur Tracksite, Wyoming: The largest dinosaur tracksite in Wyoming is one of only a few worldwide from the Middle Jurassic Period (160 million to 180 million years old). The tracks were made at the shoreline of an ocean by two-legged dinosaurs around 167 million years ago. Until these tracks were discovered in 1997 most scientists thought the entire Bighorn Basin, and most of Wyoming, was covered by an ancient ocean. Scientists thought that only sea-dwelling creatures could have lived in this area, yet the dinosaur tracks were clearly made just at the shoreline, not in deep ocean water, and there must have been large areas of dry land to support not only dinosaurs but other animals and plants. One thousand tracks have been located so far, all formed by two-legged dinosaurs. Some, and perhaps all, of the tracks appear to have been made by meat-eating dinosaurs weighing between 15-400 pounds. The tracksite is located on U.S. Highway 14, approximately 10 miles east of Greybull, Wyoming. For more information about this site, contact Bill Hill, Bureau of Land Management, Worland Field Office, 101 South 23rd, PO Box 119, Worland, WY 82401-0119; email: Bill_Hill@blm.gov; telephone (307) 347-5291.
Intaglios of the Lower Colorado River: Mysterious figures of animals, people and geometric designs loom out of the desert pavement along the Colorado River in southwestern Arizona and southeastern California. Called intaglios, the figures are made by scraping away the dark surface gravels to expose lighter-colored soil underneath. Some of the figures are so large they can only be seen in their entirety from the air. The deserts of the American Southwest and the Sierra Pinacate of Sonora, Mexico, are the only locations in North America where such intaglios occur. Intaglios are also found in Peru (the famous Nazca lines), New Caledonia and Australia. The Yuman-speaking Indian tribes who live along the Colorado River are the most likely creators of the intaglios, but no one knows for sure who made them. Know one knows how old the figures are, either, because there is no way to date them. They could be several hundred or several thousand years old. Why the figures were made is also a mystery. Some may have played a role in healing ceremonies and dances, and some may represent tribal origin stories or creation stories. Their elusiveness makes them all the more enigmatic, fascinating, and awe-inspiring. For more information about these intaglios, contact Sandra Arnold, Bureau of Land Management, Yuma Field Office, 2555 East Gila Ridge Road, Yuma, AZ 85365; email: Sandra_Arnold@blm.gov; telephone: (928) 317-3239.
The Comb Ridge Survey-Scientific Discovery in Southeastern Utah: In 2005, the BLM and the University of Colorado embarked on an effort to help discover and preserve one of the most outstanding archeological areas of the Four Corners area, Comb Ridge. This landscape holds vast traces of ancient Puebloan cultures, including the homes, tools, and pottery of these people. However, these remains have been impacted by trampling of hikers, off-road vehicle recreation, and surface artifact collecting. The impacts of artifact diggers and collectors have also been particularly severe, leaving most of the sites scrambled and stripped of many of the key artifacts that would reveal their age and function. The Comb Ridge Survey is an unprecedented effort to document the remaining surface artifacts and work with the community to help protect these places by stabilizing sites at risk and helping visitors understand what they can do to help prevent damage. Contact: Adrienne Babbitt, Bureau of Land Management, Utah State Office, (801) 539-4061 Adrienne_Babbitt@blm.gov or Shelley Smith (801) 539-4053.