The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has identified the principal regulatory mechanism for the BLM as conservation measures in Resource Management Plans (RMPs). Based on the identified threats to the greater sage-grouse and the USFWS timeline for making a listing decision on this species, the BLM needs to incorporate explicit objectives and adequate conservation measures into RMPs by late 2014 in order to conserve greater sage-grouse and avoid a potential listing under the Endangered Species Act. The planning strategy will evaluate the adequacy of BLM RMPs and address, as necessary, revisions and amendments throughout the range of the greater sage-grouse (with the exception of the bi-state population in California and Nevada and the Washington state population segment, which will be addressed through other planning efforts).
The USFWS identified four primary threats to the Greater Sage-Grouse which will be addressed through this planning process. The four threats are: Invasive Species, Wildfire, Energy Development, and Infrastructure. Underlying these four threats are their cumulative contribution to habitat fragmentation.