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BLM Colorado Sage-Grouse Conservation Efforts


Colorado is home to the Greater Sage-Grouse as well as the Gunnison Sage-Grouse. Both species are included on the BLM Colorado State Director’s sensitive species list. 

For Gunnison Sage-Grouse, click here.

For Greater Sage-Grouse, click here.

Greater Sage-Grouse

BLM Colorado manages 46 percent (1,815,426 acres) of Colorado’s Greater Sage-Grouse habitat, totaling 3,990,031 acres, and 49 percent (389,495 acres) of Colorado’s Gunnison Sage-Grouse habitat, which totals 797,432 acres. The BLM has been working with multiple stakeholders to implement conservation actions for both species in the state. The BLM is incorporating conservation strategies for both species into land use plan revisions and using them to prioritize local projects. These conservation plans have also laid the groundwork for future research needs related to sage-grouse in Colorado.

The Greater Sage-Grouse is distributed in six populations in northwestern Colorado:

  • Primary threats include oil and gas development, infrastructure, fragmentation of habitat, fire and invasive weeds.
  • There are currently five local working groups and associated local conservation plans active in the state. 

Multiple agencies and public stakeholders helped develop the Colorado Greater Sage-Grouse Statewide Conservation Plan (2008) under the Colorado Parks and Wildlife (formerly Colorado Division of Wildlife) direction. This plan provides a range of conservation strategies to address potential impacts, maintenance, and connectivity of sagebrush habitats within the range of the species.

The BLM is involved in several research studies conducted by the Colorado Parks and Wildlife in northwest Colorado to assess sage-grouse response to habitat improvement projects and to develop seasonal use habitat maps that can help inform management decisions.

Gunnison Sage-Grouse

Southwest Colorado contains seven of the eight remaining Gunnison Sage-Grouse populations.

Primary threats include loss or fragmentation of habitat; lack of linkages or habitat connectivity between populations; invasive weeds; small populations and the potential for disease, fire, or development.

In April 2005, the BLM signed the Range-Wide Gunnison Sage-Grouse Conservation Plan, which was developed using an interagency team led by Colorado Parks and Wildlife. This plan provides extensive guidance for management of the species by population and on a range-wide basis to address conservation issues and maintenance of local populations. 

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Colorado Parks and Wildlife developed a Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances in 2006. Private landowners have renewed their interest to sign up under Certificates of Inclusion through this process. 

The BLM and partners have also developed a Candidate Conservation Agreement, a formal agreement between the BLM and one or more parties, on public lands in the Gunnison Basin. Discussions concerning this CCA are ongoing.


Sage-grouse Links

Colorado Parks and Wildlife Greater Sage-grouse Priority Habitat Map (3-13-12)

Greater Sage-grouse National Technical Team Report

Greater Sage-grouse Occupied Habitat Map (1-27-12)

National Greater Sage-grouse Planning Strategy, Eastern Region

Gunnison Sage-grouse Conservation Plan

Gunnison sage-grouse viewing tips

State sage-grouse fact sheets


Sage-grouse map link

Click on the image for a larger sage-grouse map.