60 years of the BLM

Part 8 - BLM Evolves

[Text from History of the BLM video, part 8]

Slide#47 History/BLM Evolves (title)

  • The evolution of public attitudes and expectations about their public lands changed dramatically over the latter part of the 20th century and BLM evolved with them.

Slide#48 Seals

  • Symbolic of these changes is the evolution of BLM’s official seal
  • In 1946, the merger of the General Land Office and Grazing Service was captured in the faces of the five men – the surveyor, the forester, the engineer, the cowboy, and the miner.
  • By the 1960s, the agency had broadened its approach to look at landscapes, and the new seal captures that vision, which remains today.

Slide#49 Johnny Ho

  • A new land ethic emerged, based on the idea characterized by the Woody Guthrie song, “This land is your land,” and we all needed to take care of it.
  • For a time, BLM even had a “mascot,” a fictionalized spokesman in the form of Johnny Horizon.
  • Burl Ives sang Johnny’s praises to schoolchildren across the country.  "Got alot work to do, Got alot of work to do"..."Hello this is Burl Ives reminding you that litter is land pollution.  Listen to Johnny Horizon when he says its my land its your land keep it clean"..."Got alot of work to do, Got alot of work to do"...

Slide#50 One Third Nation’s Land

  • This growing land ethic sparked Congress to establish the Public Land Law Review Commission whose mission was to recommend the future of these lands.
  • The Commission’s Report, called “One Third of the Nation’s Lands” was revolutionary – recommending repeal of hundreds of antiquated land laws and a new vision for management.
  • Typical of the time, the Commission only included one woman, who happened to be Californian Nancy E. Smith, a County Supervisor for the San Bernardino County.

Slide#51 List of Laws

  • In the wake of the revolution that was underway, Congress passed many of the landmark laws that still have an huge impact today.
  • Starting with the National Environmental Policy Act, many others followed, such as the Endangered Species Act, still controversial to this day.
  • The Clean Air Act and the Water Act affect agencies well beyond the BLM.
  • And some, like the Wild Horse and Burro Act and the King Range Act are resource or BLM-area specific acts.

Slide#52 ‘Ologists/Elaine

  • Newly diverse laws called for a newly diverse workforce.
  • The face of the BLM changed with many “ologists” coming on board – professionals with resource degrees from many backgrounds.
  • And the faces now included women and minorities in growing numbers who contributed their talent and knowledge to the expanding multiple use BLM.

60 Years of the BLM - History video, part 8: broadband, dial-up