Brooks Range
Grizzly along the Denali Highway Rafting the Gulkana National Wild River Native woman drying salmon on racks ATV rider on trails near Glennallen Surveyor
Alaska>Programs>Travel and Transportation Management
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Check out the new PSA video from all the sumitted photos from the Flat Rider Photo Contest!

Flat Rider Adventures (1:30 second video PSA - YouTube)

Travel and Transportation Management

Picture of information displays and signs at trail headBLM manages approximately 72 million acres of public lands in Alaska.  Most of it is remote, with little or no road access, but there are thousands of miles of trails crossing the land.  While travel can be challenging at times, access to and across BLM-managed public lands occurs for a variety of reasons:

  • recreational access to public lands
  • access to resources such as minerals or oil and gas
  • access to private inholdings
  • access to traditional subsistence areas

BLM addresses comprehensive travel and transportation management through a land use planning process that produces area specific Resource Management Plans (RMPs).  Each RMP considers existing and proposed access needs, and identify Off-Highway Vehicle (OHV) area designations for the entire planning area.  The three types of OHV designations are:

  • OPEN - Use of motorized vehicles is unrestricted
  • LIMITED - Motorized vehicle use and activites have limitations identified
  • CLOSED - Use of motorized vehicles is prohibited year round

These OHV area designations apply to all recreational and casual use of motorized vehicles within the planning area.  Other types of access across BLM-managed lands, such as rights-of-way and easements, can be authorized with permits. 

Picture of trail wash out and erosion gullyTypically most BLM-managed public lands are designated as "Limited" with specific motorized use limtations identified.  Motorized use limitations can include: seasonal use of a trail or area such as winter only; vehicle weight or size limits; vehicle type restrictions; and limiting motorized use to designated trails and routes.  OHV use limitations and closures are used to protect resources, such as frozen and permafrost soils, from damage. 

To help protect Alaska's trails and resources, it is important for trail users to know whose lands they are using and what uses are allowed.  The Alaska Public Lands Information Centers, the Alaska Department of Natural Resources, and the Bureau of Land Management public land information offices can help identify land ownership and who to contact for more information on allowable motorized activities. 

BLM has developed supplimental guidelines for planning and managing comprehensive travel and transportation on BLM-managed public lands in Alaska.  A copy of the Alaska Travel Management Guide (1.8M PDF) is available for download.

Making It Work

BLM recognizes the importance of access and travel across public lands.  As land use plan decisions are implemented, BLM will identify areas and routes for motorized and nonmotorized uses, develop travel maps, and continue to move towards a sustainable transportation system. 

Trail building in Alaska is challenging due to the diverse terrain and environmental conditions, such as extensive wetlands and permafrost soils.  Most trails are "inherited" from past overland travel and use, and in some cases may require relocation to avoid continued degradation, or developing new trail construction methods where the routes cannot be relocated.   Building a sustainable trail reduces impacts to the land and keeps areas from being closed.  To accomplish this, BLM has an active trails program to develop sustainable trail systems. 

Here are some examples of how BLM is working to provide access to public lands while protecting Alaska's resources.

 click on image to see enlargement 

Picture of geoblock grid to harden trail through wet areas
Using soil containment  panels to harden trail in wet areas.

Picture of GeoBlock grid with trail drainage structures
Soil containment panels with drainage structures.

Picture of ATV pulling small belly dump with gravel
ATV belly dump used to haul gravel for trail.

Picture of mechanized trail maintenance on Quartz Creek Trail
Using mini backhoe to harden trail.

Picture of old boardwalk on hiking trail
Before picture of old boardwalk  along hiking trail.

Picture of new boardwalk on hiking trail
After picture of new boardwalk replaced by volunteer crew.

Picture of hiking trail after construction
Hiking trail construction using "Ditch and Elevate" method.

 Picture of winter trail groomer pulled by snowmobile
Grooming snow trails using a snowmobile to pull a trail drag.

Alaska Trail Etiquette

  • Stay on the trail to reduce damage to the surrounding area and resources
  • Share the trail with other trail users
  • Respect private property by staying on the trail

OHV Safety Messages


You can download copies of the plans here:

Related BLM Programs

BLM Trail Partners

BLM Travel Management

Remember to Wear Your Helmet!

For more information on specific area designations, contact the nearest BLM Office

Anchorage Field Office | Glennallen Field Office

 Arctic Field Office | Central Yukon Field Office | Eastern Interior Field Office