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State Herd Area: Sand Springs East (NV)

The HMA is located approximately 55 miles west-southwest of Ely, Nevada.
The herd area is bounded on the north, west, and south by the Battle Mountain
BLM District boundary which is effectively delineated by either fences or
mountainous areas. The east boundary is the east bench of the south Pancake
Range and the Duckwater Indian Reservation (Railroad Valley). The HMA
encompasses 386,776 acres (386,696 Federal acres and 80 acres of private
land), all within the Ely District.

Wild horses in the Sand Springs East HMA possess a variety of colors although
there is a preponderance of brown, bay, and sorrel horses. Other colors
within the HMA are red and blue roan, black, pinto, and sevina. The horses
generally good conformation and good size. It is known that these horses are
descendants of ranch stock and horses that belonged to miners in the area, that
were released and became wild. They are probably descended from Quarter
horse, Thoroughbred, Morgan and other draft breeds, based on the history of the

Elevations range from about 6,000 feet in the valleys, to 9,240 feet in the
Mountains in the southeast portion of the HMA. The climate of the area is arid
semiarid. Temperatures range from summer maximums as high as 100 degrees F.
to winter lows falling well below zero. The growing season is between 90 and
days. Prevailing winds are from the south-southwest in the summer and from the
in the winter. Annual average precipitation varies from 20 inches in higher
to 6 inches in the valley bottoms.

The herd area supports a variety of wildlife. This region provides limited
summer and winter habitat for mule deer. There are an estimated 100-150
pronghorn antelope found yearlong in Little Smoky and Big Sand Springs
Valleys. Bald eagles and sage grouse can also be found throughout the herd
Small riparian areas are scattered throughout the area around the springs,
and small creeks. Amphibians, reptiles, mammals, rodents, raptors, and
passerine bird species common to the Great Basin can be found in the area.

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