ANTELOPE HERD MANAGEMENT AREA
The Antelope/Antelope Valley Complex is located in northeastern Nevada. The nearest town is Ely, Nevada, approximately 50 miles southwest. The Complex encompasses several herd management areas where wild horses live. The topography is varied and contrasting with valley floors, alluvial fans, canyons, mountains, steep ridges, and basins. Elevations range from 5,700 feet up to 10,000 feet. The climate is semi-arid with approximately 16 inches of precipitation per year at higher elevations, and approximately 8 inches at lower elevations. Due to the variance of topography, wild horses can be seen at different elevations throughout the year, but normally follow a pattern based on climatic and seasonal conditions.
During the 1900's to the 1940's, the Army Remount Service was active in a portion of the Antelope/Antelope Valley Complex. Periodically, the Army would release animals in the wild to upgrade their stock. The released stallions were mainly thoroughbreds or Morgans. A few draft blood lines were introduced to develop a hardier strain of horse to pull wagons and heavy artillery. As a result, the wild horses found in the complex are hardy and sound. They possess a variety of colors with variations from white to black, but most are sorrels and bays. The Complex is also grazed by domestic livestock. There are about 362 different species of wildlife in the Complex including mule deer, sage grouse, blue grouse, eagles, and hawks.