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State Herd Area: Buckhorn HMA, California

In 1971, wild horses and burros were found roaming across 53.8 million acres of Herd Areas (HAs), of which 42.4 million acres were under the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM’s) jurisdiction. Today the BLM manages wild horses and burros in subsets of these HAs, known as Herd Management Areas (HMAs) that comprise 31.6 million acres, of which 26.9 million acres are under BLM management.

LOCATION:   The Buckhorn HMA is located 40 miles southwest of Cedarville, CA in Lassen County, CA and Washoe County, NV.


65,000 acres are managed for wild horses.  Elevation is 5,000 feet to 8,000 feet. The area is rough and steep with rocky tablelands and a few alkali lakebeds. Dominant vegetation consists of juniper, bitterbrush, big and low sage with bluegrass and an understory of squirreltail, needlegrass and Idaho fescue.


Wildlife occurring in the area includes pronghorn, mule deer, chukar and sage grouse.


The herd size is managed for 59 to 85 head.   The horses are mostly bay or brown in color.  They range in size from 14-16 hands and 900-1100 pounds. This area contains horses thought to originate from Spanish stock diluted with ranch stock and US Cavalry remounts prior to and during World War I.  The influence of the US Cavalry remounts program is especially apparent in these horses.

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