SHAWAVE MOUNTAINS HERD MANAGEMENT AREA
The Shawave Mountains Herd Management Area (HMA) is located in western Pershing
County, approximately 50 miles northeast of Reno, Nevada. The HMA contains
approximately 107,141 acres of unfenced public and private lands. The terrain
in the area
consists of north-south trending mountains separated by broad valleys.
the HMA range from 4,000 feet along the valley floor to 7,771 feet at Juniper
Climate is characterized by warm dry days, cool nights and low yearly
ranges from 4 to 6 inches at lower elevations to approximately 10 inches at
Vegetation varies from salt desert shrub communities at lower elevations to big
sagebrush/grass communities at upper elevations. Typical species in the salt
community includes shadscale, budsage, winterfat, black greasewood, indian rice
squirrel tail and desert needlegrass. Species typical of the sagebrush/grass
include low sage, wyoming sagebrush, desert peach, rabbit brush, needlegrasses,
rye, squirrel tail, indian paintbrush and phlox.
The appropriate management level (AML) for wild horses in the HMA is managed in
range from 55 to 73 head. Horses within the HMA are descendants of ranch
and horses that either escaped or were released into the area. The majority of
exhibit a bay, brown or sorrel color, however there are also quite a few roan
dun horses found in the area.
The area is also utilized by domestic livestock and numerous wildlife species.
wildlife species found in the area include mule deer, pronghorn antelope,
sheep, chukar partridge, coyote, and various rodents.