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covered wagon.
Texas Trail

1876-1897

Along this trail passed the greatest migraton of men and cattle from Texas to replace the fast vanishing buffalo in Wyoming and Montana. Used from 1876 to to 1897, the trail entered Wyoming where the town of Pine Bluffs now sits. It extended north through eastern Wyoming on a line parallel to today's US 85, connecting to the current I-90 corridor at Moorcroft, then up the Little Powder River into Montana. Much of the trail paralleled the Cheyenne-Deadwood Stage Route.

Most of the early cattle herds passed through Wyoming and were used to establish Montana's ranching industry. Eventually, cattlemen began recognized the value of Wyoming's grasslands and started ranching in the state.