Preliminary Draft Alternatives
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) will hold public meetings for review and comment on the preliminary draft alternatives for land management decisions proposed for Jack Morrow Hills (JMH). A full range of alternatives has been proposed for consideration in the Supplement Environmental Impact Statement for the JMH Coordinated Activity Plan (CAP). Preliminary draft alternatives include the No Action Alternative and three others.
Comments on the preliminary draft alternatives need to be received by the Rock Springs Field Office or at the JMH_CAP@bah.com email account by May 1, 2002. For more information regarding the alternative formulation meetings call Andy Tenney, Assistant Team Leader, at (307) 352-0311.
Two public meetings to present the preliminary draft alternatives were held in Rock Springs and Lander. The meetings were a combination of an open house format and formal presentation. Alternatives information can also be viewed at the Rock Springs BLM Field Office.
The process used to develop a range of alternatives started with a review of the Green River Resource Management Plan (October 1997), the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Jack Morrow Hills Coordinated Activity Plan (June 2000), and the existing policies and mandates of the BLM. Public input received during the scoping process was reviewed to ensure that all issues and concerns were identified and addressed, as appropriate, in developing the range of alternatives and implementation actions. The overall scoping issues used in alternatives development included:
Maintain the multiple-use directive of the BLM.
Consider impacts of restrictions on development activities.
Use scientifically based strategies that can be realistically implemented and properly monitored by BLM staff.
Allow for development to sustain the local economy.
Respect the existing lifestyles in the area.
- Protect the unique and sensitive resources of the JMH CAP planning area.
To address the scoping issues, the resource and land use programs were consolidated into seven basic management categories. Each category contained specific subcategories based on the resources in the JMH planning area. The management categories were used to capture the range of alternatives and implementation actions. The categories and subcategories are:
- Land and Water Resources
- Vegetation Management
- Wildlife Habitat
- Livestock Grazing
- Watershed Quality
- Wild Horses
- Fire Management
- Heritage Resources
- Historic Trails
- Native American Sites
- Paleontological and Archaeological Resources
- Unique Geological Features
- Other Cultural and Historical Resources
- Recreation Resources
- Motorized Trails
- Non-motorized Trails
- Dispersed Activities
- Roadside Visitation
- Other Managed Uses
- Travel Management, Access & Realty
- Transportation Planning
- Off-road Vehicle Designations
- Non-mechanized Access
- Seasonal Road Closures
- Hazardous Materials
- Land Exchanges and Ownership Adjustments
- Utility Rights-of-way
- Mineral & Alternative Energy Resources
- Leasable Mineral
- Locatable Minerals
- Salable Minerals
- Other Leasing and Development Activities
- Visual Quality
- Visual Resource Management Classes I, II, III, IV
- Special Management Areas
- Wilderness Study Areas
- Areas of Critical Environmental Concern
- Special Recreation Management Areas
- Other Special Management Areas
Range of Preliminary Draft Alternatives
The range of preliminary draft alternatives developed for the JMH planning area includes the No Action Alternative and three other alternatives. Development or activities proposed under any alternative could occur provided the actions were in compliance with existing federal and state regulations. The No Action Alternative would allow development or activities to occur provided the actions were also in accordance with existing BLM guidelines and previous land management decisions. Alternative 1 would allow development or activities to occur throughout the planning area similar to the requirements of the No Action Alternative; however, the actions could result in amendments to previous land management decisions. Alternative 2 would not allow development in areas with competing resource uses, and would close or designate portions of the planning area to restrict uses. This alternative would allow development or activities to occur in specific portions of the planning area provided mitigation measures are implemented. Alternative 3 would allow development or activities to occur throughout the planning area provided mitigation requirements are met. This alternative would also allow for seasonal restrictions or land designations to maintain compatible resource uses.
General Description of the Preliminary Draft Alternatives
No-Action Alternative. The No Action Alternative is defined as a continuation of the present course of action until that action is changed. Ongoing programs initiated under existing legislation and regulations would continue, even as new plans are developed. Thus, this alternative addresses the current land management decisions stated in the Green River Resource Management Plan (GRRMP), dated October 1997, that provided for multiple use management of public lands and resources to meet foreseeable needs. The No Action Alternative allows for development of valid existing rights within the core area until decisions regarding any changes or restrictions are made through this planning process.
Alternative 1. This alternative provides for expanded opportunities to use and develop the planning area but resources would still be protected to the extent required by applicable laws and regulations. Alternative 1 would allow new leases and permits for oil, gas, and mineral development throughout the planning area, to the degree possible, consistent with existing regulatory requirements and statutory withdrawals and closures. There would not be any discretionary mineral withdrawals pursued. No additional areas would be considered for Wilderness Study Areas (WSA) and there would not be any changes proposed for Areas of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC). Rangelands and riparian areas would be improved and maintained by methods that would not adversely burden the livestock industry. This alternative could result in modifications or amendments to previous land management decisions stated in the GRRMP.
Alternative 2. This alternative reduces opportunities to use and develop the planning area. The alternative focuses on improving and protecting habitat for wildlife and sensitive plant and animal species, improving riparian areas and water quality, and protecting historic, cultural, and Native American sites. Boundaries of existing ACECs would be expanded as necessary to protect sensitive resources and Research Natural Area designations would be pursued as appropriate. Additional areas would be considered as WSAs. Recreation project plans and interpretive prospectus would be prepared for specific areas of interest and other recreation activities would be allowed provided no incompatible uses occur.
Development would be allowed on existing leases throughout the planning area and exchanges would be pursued for leases in sensitive areas where development activity may have irreversible adverse effects. Extraction of viable resources on leases held by production would continue until economic reserves are recovered. No new leases would be offered in areas of sensitive resources or in pending WSA designations or ACEC expansions. The rate of development on existing leases would be based on sensitive resource indicators. If these indicators are reached, any further development would be controlled and mitigated to prevent the decline of the sensitive resource indicators. Additional withdrawals from locatable minerals would be pursued for elk birthing areas. Livestock grazing improvements would be limited except to improve sensitive resources. This alternative could result in modifications or amendments to previous land management decisions stated in the GRRMP.
Alternative 3. This alternative provides opportunities for use and development of the planning area while ensuring resource protection. Alternative 3 would allow mineral development and other activities as long as sensitive resource values are protected from irreversible adverse effects. This would be accomplished through an adaptive management approach. Development would be allowed on existing leases throughout the planning area and new leases would be offered. There could be areas that would be closed to new leases because proposed stipulations and conditions of approval could effectively preclude surface disturbance in order to protect overlapping resources. The rate of development on existing and new leases would be based on sensitive resource indicators. If these indicators are reached, any further leasing and development would be controlled and mitigated to protect the sensitive resources. The cause of adverse effects on sensitive resources would be determined and monitored, and further leasing, development, and other activity decisions would be made based on the significance of these effects. Evaluations would be completed to determine where and when leasing or other activities could occur and what mitigation measures would be necessary to ensure the stability of the sensitive resource indicators.
Boundaries of existing ACECs would be expanded as necessary to protect sensitive resources. Additional areas that fully meet the characteristics of wilderness and fall within the existing management scheme for wilderness would be considered for designation as WSAs. The Great Divide Wild Horse Herd Management Area boundaries would be expanded to incorporate the entire planning area, while maintaining existing appropriate management levels. Livestock improvements would be allowed provided sensitive resources, riparian areas, and water quality would be maintained or improved. Recreation project plans and interpretive prospectus would be prepared for specific areas of interest and other recreation activities would be allowed provided no incompatible uses occur and to ensure the health and safety of visitors. Guidelines would also be established for protecting and interpreting cultural resources and Native American concerns. This alternative could result in modifications or amendments to previous land management decisions stated in the GRRMP.
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