The authors would like to express their appreciation to the following for assistance in preparing this article.
The Arizona Historical Society, Tucson, Arizona.
Charlotte Benson, Department of the Interior, Office of the Solicitor.
Dilcia Gonzalez, Bureau of Land Management, Washington, D.C.
John Herron, Bureau of Land Management, Fairbank Administrative Office, Huachuca City, Arizona.
Bob King, Bureau of Land Management, Alaska State Office.
John McCusker, Department of History, University of Maryland.
Allan McIntyre, Collections Manager and Maureen O'Neill, Administrative Assistant, The Amerind Foundation Inc., Dragoon, Arizona.
Shelley Smith, Bureau of Land Management, Utah State Office
Robin Stancliff, for photographs, courtesy of The Amerind Foundation Inc, Dragoon, Arizona.
Jack Williams, Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology, Mesa, Arizona.
The archaeological activities in this article were created by a team of educators and archaeologists. Prior to revision, the activities were field-tested and evaluated by 75 educators and their students from a variety of rural and urban settings.
All three authors work for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management in Washington D.C. Mary Tisdale is an educator, Richard Brook is an archaeologist, and Carl Barna is a historian.
Artist Shelly Fischman, who completed all renderings in the insert and on the front (except the painting on the article homepage by Joel T. Ramirez of Albuquerque, New Mexico), also works with the Bureau of Land Management.
Bleser, N. (n.d.) Tumacacori from rancheria to national monument. Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.
DiPeso, C. (1953). The Sobaipuri Indians of the upper San Pedro River valley, southeastern Arizona. Dragoon, AZ: The Amerind Foundation.
Dobyns, H. (1989). The Pima-Maricopa. New York: Chelsea House.
Fredericksen, H. (1970). He who runs far. New York: Scott
Melody, M. (1989). The Apache. New York: Chelsea House.
Moorhead, M. (1975). The Presidio: Bastion of the Spanish borderlands. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma.
Steffan, J. (1960). Padre Kino and the trail to the Pacific. New York: P.J. Kenedy and Sons.
Thayer, J. (1959). Desert Padre: Eusebio Francisco Kino. Milwaukee: Bruce.
Udall, S. (1987). To the inland empire, Coronado and our Spanish legacy. Garden City: Doubleday.
Wagoner, J. (1985). Early Arizona: Prehistory to the Civil War. Tucson: University of Arizona.
Williams, J. (Spring and Fall, 1986). The Presidio of Santa Cruz de Terrenate: A forgotten fortress of southern Arizona. The Smoke Signal, pp 129-148.
The excavation of Santa Cruz, conducted by Charles DiPeso in the early 1950s, was sponsored by The Amerind Foundation, Inc., Dragoon, Arizona. The excavated objects are curated by The Amerind Foundation at their archaeological research institution in Dragoon.
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