These activities align with the following National Science Education Standards:
Content Standard C: Life Science—Populations and Ecosystems
Content Standard D: Earth and Space Science—Properties of Earth Materials
Technology is applied science. When people use their personal observations and experiments to develop practical solutions, their ideas and tools become part of the technological resources to be shared with others. The farmers at Hupobi had a great deal of experience growing food in an area of little rainfall. Consequently, they developed dry-farming technology that worked for their environment.
The activities described below let students gain a personal experiential base to test the ancient technologies. Encourage them to ponder why these methods worked for the people of Hupobi, and how they would fare in their own environment.
You might also explore broader questions. For example, to what extent can people take technology developed in one environment and apply it, unchanged, to a second environment? Can scientists from one part of the world develop solutions for people living in other parts of the world? What can we learn from traditional peoples such as the Native Americans of the Southwest or tribal peoples of the South American rainforest?
These lessons were developed by Terrill L. Nickerson, the Santa Fe Indian School.