Cabezon Creek WSA, NM
BLM
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT
Range Recreation Sage Grouse Strutting, Wyoming Energy Vegetation
BLM>Div. of Decision Support, Planning, and NEPA>NEPA>NEPA Web Guide>Examples of Issues Identified for Analysis
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Examples of Issues Identified for Analysis 

Last Page Update: August 4th, 2010
Example 1
 
Scoping Summary:
Internal scoping through a BLM IDT generated resource issues pertinent to the proposed project. BLM has also had brief conversations with related land owners, the National Resource Conservation Service, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, and others.
 
Potential issues include:
  • What would be the effect of the alternatives on fish habitat, water quality and riparian vegetation trend in grazed riparian areas?
  • How well would fences and spring developments on BLM land affect grazing management of adjoining lands?
  • How would fences and spring developments on BLM land affect trespass livestock in the summer and fall and ease of livestock handling?
  • How would the alternatives affect wilderness character and Wilderness Study Areas (WSAs)?
  • How would the alternatives affect upland vegetation and livestock distribution throughout the pasture?
  • How would the alternatives affect visual resources?
  • How would the alternatives affect use by increasing recreationist hiking up Ferry Canyon from the Wild and Scenic River?
 
Example 2
 
KEY ISSUES
Issues are points of dispute or contention, and areas of concern or uncertainty.  In the NEPA process, they are further defined as cause and effect relationships based on the proposed action.  Using comments from the public, other agencies, and tribes, the ID Team developed a list of key issues.  All comments received through scoping and the public involvement processes were considered in developing the key issues and alternatives.  The key issues represent those issues that the decision maker needs to consider in selecting an alternative, and drive the NEPA analysis.  Guided by the appropriate management plans, the ID Team developed alternatives and project design features to address the key issues identified during scoping.  These key issues provided the focus of this EA. A brief description of the key issues identified for this project follows (only one has been included for this example):
 
ISSUE 1:  HOW WILL THE PROPOSED SEISMIC ACTIVITY AFFECT WILDLIFE RESOURCES IN THE AREA?
A few individuals/organizations suggested that the BLM prepare a biological assessment, as well as consult with the Game and Fish Department with regards to impacts on wildlife as a result of proposed operations.  Other members of the public said that the BLM should conduct formal endangered species consultation for any listed species that may occur in the area and must comply with its affirmative duty under Section 7(a)(1) to proactively implement programs for the conservation of listed species.
 
Individuals/organizations wanted to be sure that sensitive species (raptors, sage grouse, etc.) and the habitat that they depend on, are protected during operations in accordance with BLM Manual MS-6840.06.E (Special Status Species Management).  It was recommended that greater sage-grouse leks and primary nesting habitat should be evaluated, and that a thorough analysis of raptor nest sites in the area is needed.
 
Some members of the public thought that the project would impact crucial winter range for elk, mule deer, and pronghorn antelope. These individuals said that no work should be conducted in crucial winter range areas from November 15 through April 30. Other members of the public believed that impacts to elk herds found within the project area should be studied and that impacts on migration and movement corridors should be disclosed.
 
Example 3
 
Identification of Issues:
The ENBB posting date for this proposal was April 1, 2009. To date, there have not beenany concerns or comments from outside interests. There have been several meetings and field tours between BLM, the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), State Lands and Forestry (SITLA), and the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources (UDWR), held to discuss this proposal. Comments and discussions have been positive and have resulted in the current proposal.
 
As a result of internal and external scoping, the following issues were identified as requiring further analysis: Fish and Wildlife, Fuels/Fire Management, Livestock Grazing/Range, Migratory Birds, Soils/Watersheds, Special Status Plant and Animal Species other than FWS Candidate or Listed Species, Vegetation, and Visual Resources.
 
Fish and Wildlife:
  • Crucial deer intermediate/summer range.
  • Year-round elk range.
  • Monoculture of decadent, nonproductive, pinyon/juniper and Vasey big sagebrush (drought, insect infestation and age related).
  • Lack of desirable, perennial, grass/forb understory.
 
Fuels/Fire Management:
  • Hazardous fuel reduction - PJ encroachment and decadent Vasey big sagebrush.
 
Livestock Grazing/Range:
  • Monoculture of decadent, nonproductive, pinyon/juniper and Vasey big sagebrush (drought, insect infestation and age related).
  • Lack of desirable, perennial, grass/forb understory.
 
Migratory Birds:
  • Monoculture of decadent, nonproductive, pinyon/juniper and Vasey big sagebrush (drought and age related).
  • Lack of food producing, understory plant species.
  • Unnecessary use of energy to travel to food sources not found on treatment site.
 
Soils/Watersheds:
  • Non-point source pollution.
  • Overland flow and sediment production due to excessive erosion pavement.
  • Vegetative cover.
 
Special Status Plant and Animal Species other than FWS Candidate or listed Species:
  • Sage grouse habitat.
  • Pygmy rabbit habitat.
 
Vegetation:
  • Monoculture of decadent, nonproductive, pinyon/juniper and Vasey big sagebrush (drought, insect infestation and age related).
  • Lack of desirable, perennial, grass/forb understory.
 
Visual Resources:
  • Partially retain the existing character of the landscape.
  • Changes to the landscape should repeat the basic elements of the areas natural features.