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Examples of Combined and Separated Purpose and Need Statements

Page Last Updated: August 4th, 2010
 
Combined Purpose and Need Statements
 
Example 1
 
Purpose and Need
The BLM’s purpose and need for the [name of project] is to respond to Company X’s application under Title V of the FLPMA (43 U.S.C. 1761) for a right-of-way grant to construct, operate, maintain, and terminate a [type of energy] facility and associated infrastructure in compliance with FLPMA, BLM right-of-way regulations, and other applicable federal laws. The BLM will decide whether to deny the right-of-way, grant the right-of-way, or grant the right-of-way with modifications.
 
Example 2
 
Purpose and Need
Continued leasing is necessary to maintain options for production of oil and gas as companies seek new areas for production or attempt to locate and develop previously unidentified, inaccessible or uneconomical reserves. Leasing is proposed to meet requirements of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended, the Mining and Minerals Policy Act of 1970, and the Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 (Reform Act). Oil and gas are marketable resources that meet the public’s need for energy.
 
Offering parcels for competitive oil and gas leasing provides for the orderly development of fluid mineral resources under BLM’s jurisdiction in a manner consistent with multiple use management and environmental consideration for the resources that may be present. This requires that adequate provisions are included with the leases to protect public health and safety and assure full compliance with the spirit and objectives of NEPA and other federal environmental laws and regulations.
 
The BLM is required by law to consider leasing of areas that have been nominated for lease if leasing is in conformance with the BLM land use plan. The oil and gas parcels addressed in this EA cannot be considered for  leasing without supplemental analysis of changed conditions in the human environment that have occurred since the completion of the current LUP (e.g., increased growth, locations of special status species, identification of traditional cultural properties in the Parowan Gap).
 
Although an oil or gas discovery is considered to be unlikely based on the reasonably foreseeable development (RFD) scenario which the BLM has determined is valid, such a discovery would require the completion of a new NEPA analysis based on a lessee’s application for permit to drill (APD) or field development proposal.


Separated Purpose and Need Statements

Example 1
 
Purpose and Need
The purpose of the proposed action is to provide Company X with authorized use of the public land managed by the BLM to develop a [type of energy] facility in compliance with FLPMA, BLM right-of-way regulations, and other applicable federal laws. The need for the proposed action is to respond to a FLPMA right-of way application request submitted by the applicant to construct, operate, maintain, and terminate a [type of energy] facility and associated infrastructure on public lands administered by the BLM XX Field Office. The BLM will decide whether to deny the right-of-way, grant the right-of way, or grant the right-of-way with modifications.
 
Example 2
Introduction and Background
This Environmental Assessment (EA) has been prepared to disclose and analyze the environmental consequences of the filming of the feature film “John Carter of Mars” as proposed by Barsoom Pictures of Berkeley, California. The EA is a site-specific analysis of potential impacts that could result with the implementation of a proposed action or alternatives to the proposed action. The EA assists the BLM in project planning and ensuring compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), and in making a determination as to whether any “significant” impacts could result from the analyzed actions. “Significance” is defined by NEPA and is found in regulation 40 CFR 1508.27. An EA provides evidence for determining whether to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) or a statement of “Finding of No Significant Impact” (FONSI). If the decision maker determines that this project has “significant” impacts following the analysis in the EA, then an EIS would be prepared for the project. If not, a Decision Record may be signed for the EA approving the selected alternative, whether the proposed action or another alternative. If appropriate a FONSI for this proposed action will explain why implementation of the selected alternative would not result in “significant” environmental impacts.
 
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) proposes to authorize the filming of the feature film “John Carter of Mars” on public lands in Utah within the Moab, Fillmore, Price and Richfield Field Offices. The filming project is described in section 2.2 of this EA. Legal descriptions for the locations are found in Appendix A and the locations are shown on maps in Appendix B. All locations have been screened and meet the criteria for minimum-impact filming under 43 CFR 2920.2-2(b).
Filming is an appropriate use of the public lands and is in conformance with BLM land use plans. Barsoon Pictures has filed film permit application UTU-87679 under 43 CFR 2920. The BLM’s underlying need is to respond to the applicant’s proposal and to determine if and under what conditions the filming project would be authorized.

BLM is considering approval of film permit UTU-87679 under the authority of Section 302 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of October 21, 1976. Previous filming projects on BLM lands in Utah have demonstrated that the adverse impacts to the environment are temporary while having a beneficial impact to the State and the local economies where filming takes place. Filming is recognized as an appropriate use of public lands in the BLM Resource Management Plans where filming has been requested. BLM will consider approval of the proposed filming project in a manner that avoids or reduces impact on soils and vegetation, wildlife species, the recreating public, other resources and activities identified in the applicable RMPs, that prevents unnecessary or undue degradation of the public lands, and that best meets the objectives of the affected local governments.