Secretary Norton consolidated the real estate appraisal functions of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), National Park Service, Fish and Wildlife Service and Bureau of Reclamation into the Office of Appraisal Services Directorate (OASD) in November 2003. Appraisal services formerly provided by BLM appraisers are provided by the OASD.
The OASD provides a wide range of appraisal services including advisory services, appraisal reports and updates, appraisal and review reports, appraisal reviews only, preliminary value estimates, rent calculations, statement of approximately equal value, and other similar services. They will schedule, contract and make arrangements for obtaining requested appraisal services. Contract services will be paid by the BLM or other parties to the transaction. The OASD and property owners should agree on the selection of appraiser(s) and the appraisal instructions to be followed in preparing the appraisal report before the report is initiated. Contract appraisers must be state certified or licensed.
BLM uses appraisals to support the valuations of property involved in purchase, exchange, sale, and certain use authorizations of public lands.
The review appraiser is responsible for ensuring that the appraisal report and its conclusions are reasonably supported by market information and complies with agency regulations, as well as, Federal and professional appraisal standards.
The BLM authorized officer requesting appraisal services is the authorized officer for accepting and authorizing the use of the appraiser and reviewer’s conclusions in support of a land transaction. The authorized officer must be satisfied that the OASD has followed an appropriate process, that the review appraiser’s analysis and recommendation is understandable and logically supports the estimate of market value.
Offers in excess of the appraised value on purchases funded by the Land and Water Conservation Fund require a separate submission to the Washington Office of Lands and Realty for transmittal and approval by the House and Senate Appropriation Committees. The decision to make an offer to buy or sell property at price is a management decision that cannot be delegated to staff.