U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIORBUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT
For over a decade, wind energy has been the fastest growing energy technology worldwide, achieving an annual growth rate of over 30 percent. In the United States, the current total installed capacity is approximately 46,900 MW of wind projects. Approximately 440 MW of this installed capacity is located on Federal lands in the western U.S. managed by BLM. Wind energy project development in the Great Plains and the Midwest was particularly strong, tapping into the large wind resource there. Factors contributing to this boom include state legislative requirements for greater use of wind power, the falling cost of wind energy, and the benefits of wind energy in competitive utility markets. Wind energy accounts for 2.3 percent of total U.S. electricity supply. However, advances by research labs, universities, utilities, and wind energy developers have cut wind energy's costs by more than 80 percent during the last twenty years. The industry is poised for continued growth. In the U.S., abundant energy potential can be found in the Northeast, the Great Plains, and the West. In addition, developers are evaluating the potential for offshore wind energy production on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf.
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