Socioeconomic Impacts from Timber

BLM-administered lands yielded $294 million worth of timber and other forestry products in Fiscal Year 2012.  Overall, these lands provided $690 million worth of timber-related economic activity.  Timber-related activity also helped to support more than 3,500 jobs, most of them in Oregon.  This table provides employment and economic output for each state.  Economic output data are in millions of dollars.


SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS
Energy
Recreation
Timber
Grazing


State

Employment

Output ($million)

 

Direct

Total

Direct

Total

Alaska

0

1

0.1

0.3

Arizona

<0.1

<0.1

California

53

150

9.7

26.0

Colorado

50

127

9.0

24.5

Eastern States

Idaho

 50

 121

 10.8

21.0

Kansas

Montana

 102

 262

 24.5

 49.0

Nebraska

 —

 <0.1

 0.2

Nevada

 11

 24

 2.0

 4.1

New Mexico

 18

 38

 5.0

 14.3

North Dakota

 —

 —

Oklahoma

 —

 —

Oregon

 863

 2,645

 225.9

 537.4

South Dakota

22

45

 3.5

 6.5

Texas

 —

Utah

 33

 78

 5.9

 15.9

Washington

 11

 30

 2.8

 6.4

Wyoming

 9

 20

 1.5

 2.8

Sum of States

 1,222

3,541

300.9

708.5

National1

 1,223

 3,540

293.7

690.4

1 National timber impacts cannot be calculated due to technical limitations.  Statewide totals are substituted.

* Estimates reflect economic contribution from commercial sales of timber, primarily wood-based products. The BLM's forestry and woodlands management program manages public access to a variety of other forestry products including personal use fuelwood and non-wood Special Forest Products (such as Christmas Tress, native seeds, mushrooms, and floral/greenery). Non-wood Special Forest Products from BLM-managed lands generated approximately $250,000 in sales in FY12.

About These Numbers

Data in the "Direct" column are an estimate of the BLM's economic contribution to local economies in terms of employment and output directly associated with BLM-managed lands and resources.  These impacts might be associated with river guides and other recreation outfitters, for example.  Data in the "Total" column for each category of BLM activity demonstrate the agency's impacts, including indirect and induced impacts associated with, for instance, companies that manufacture outdoor gear and local service businesses in gateway communities.

National numbers may be larger than the sum of individual state numbers because the national number accounts for activity across state lines.  For example, machinery production in California might be used to support mining activity in Wyoming.  Employment benefits reflect an annual average for full- and part-time private sector jobs.  Table totals may not add exactly, because of rounding.  The data are preliminary and are subject to change based on further review.

Available for Download

Thumbnail of BLM factsheet coverA PDF version of data from BLM's current “A Sound Investment for America,” is available for download by clicking this link