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Socioeconomic Impacts from Energy

The National System of Public Lands yielded about $46 billion worth of energy and non-energy minerals in Fiscal Year 2012.  The extraction of these resources and their introduction into the market boosted the American economy by approximately $101 billion.  Additionally, geothermal, wind, and solar energy development boosted the American economy by more than $2 billion.  This table provides economic impacts for each state from oil and gas; coal; non-energy minerals; and geothermal, wind, and solar.  Data are in millions of dollars.

SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS
Energy
Recreation
Timber
Grazing


States

Oil and Gas ($million)

Coal ($million)

Non-Energy Minerals* ($million)

Geothermal, Wind, and Solar ($million)

Totals ($million)

 

 Direct

 Total

 Direct

 Total

 Direct

 Total

 Direct

 Total

 Direct

 Total

Alaska

 133.0

 191.3

 0.9

 1.6

 —

 —

 133.9

 192.6

Arizona

 1.0

 1.7

 0.2

 0.9

 1.2

 2.6

California

 2,072.5

 3,809.1

 271.3

 456.5

 636.4

 1,810.8

 2,980.2

 6,076.4

Colorado

 3,240.0

 5,026.3

 940.0

 1,405.8

 23.7

 37.3

 4,203.7

 6,469.4

Eastern States

 202.0

 437.7

 120.5

 256.2

 38.9

 86.2

 361.4

 780.1

Idaho

 195

 287.8

 195

 287.8

Kansas

 47.2

 71.3

 47.2

 71.3

Montana

 616.7

 836.5

 406.4

 562.0

 <0.3

 0.5

 1,023.1

 1,399.0

Nebraska

 2.2

 3.8

 2.2

 3.8

Nevada

 34.3

58.9

 2.0

 3.4

 159.2

 318.1

 195.5

 380.4

New Mexico

 9,118.5

 12,931.3

 268.9

 367.6

 654.2

 942.0

 6.9

 8.7

 10,048.5

 14,249.6

North Dakota

 4,731.7

 6,150.3

 66.9

 91.3

 <0.1

 <0.1

 4,798.7

 6,241.7

Oklahoma

 337.9

 466.8

 7.6

 11.2

345.5

 478.0

Oregon

 <0.1

 0.1

 4.9

 7.2

 5.0

 7.3

South Dakota

 53.9

 68.6

 53.9

 68.6

Texas

 236.1

 408.3

 236.1

 408.3

Utah

 5,531.8

 8,246.4

 551.8

 859.0

 49.7

 82.4

 3132.9

 5,534.7

9,266.2 

14,722.5 

Washington

 0.1

 0.2

 0.1

 0.2

Wyoming

9,957.6

 13,382.1

 5,333.7

 6,967.3

 766.6

 1,033.8

 0.1

 0.6

 16,058

 21,383.8

Sum of States

36,315.4

52,088.7

7,695.8

10,520.4

2,003.9

2,963.5

810.8

2,151.9

46,826.1

67,724.4

National

35,702.7

76,895.4

 7,402.5

 16,867.4

 1,998.0

 4,783.4

 817.0a

 2,260.0

 45,920.2

 100,806.0

aNational wind impacts cannot be calculated due to technical limitations.  Statewide totals are substituted.

*Does not include hardrock minerals.

About These Numbers

Data in the "Direct" column are an estimate of the BLM's economic contribution to local economies in terms of employment and output directly associated with BLM-managed lands and resources.  These impacts might be associated with river guides and other recreation outfitters, for example.  Data in the "Total" column for each category of BLM activity demonstrate the agency's impacts, including indirect and induced impacts associated with, for instance, companies that manufacture outdoor gear and local service businesses in gateway communities.

National numbers may be larger than the sum of individual state numbers because the national number accounts for activity across state lines.  For example, machinery production in California might be used to support mining activity in Wyoming.  Employment benefits reflect an annual average for full- and part-time private sector jobs.  Table totals may not add exactly, because of rounding.  The data are preliminary and are subject to change based on further review.

Available for Download

Thumbnail of BLM factsheet coverA PDF version of data from BLM's current “A Sound Investment for America,” is available for download by clicking this link