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Technical References

Technical references were developed in 1986 to expand on the concepts underlying technical notes. Technical references generally are lengthier than technical notes and may be produced as a collection of related documents about one subject, issued under a single BLM subject code. Although the information contained in a technical reference cannot establish policy, it can become policy through subsequent issuance as a directive, such as an instruction memorandum from the Washington Office or a BLM manual section.

For assistance accessing technical references, please contact the BLM Library at blm_library@blm.gov. Print copies of select technical references may be available for purchase; for more information, contact the BLM's Printed Materials Distribution Services (PMDS) at BLM_OC_PMDS@blm.gov or visit the PMDS website.


Jump to: Hazardous Materials Management (1703)/Abandoned Mine Land Management (3720)

Integrated Resource Management (1730)

Integrated Resource Data (1731)

Inventory and Monitoring Coordination (1734)

Riparian Area Management (1737)

Stream Channel Cross Section Surveys and Data Analysis (4341)

Rangeland Inventory Monitoring and Evaluation (4400)

Roads (9113)

 

Hazardous Materials Management/Abandoned Mine Land Management

Tech. Ref.

Title

DateAuthor
1703-2 / 3720-2Developing a CERCLA Enforcement Case for Cost Avoidance/Cost Recovery2008Youngdahl
1703-1 / 3720-1Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements: Determining Which Federal and State Regulations Apply in the Cleanup Process2007Innis

Integrated Resource Management

Tech. Ref.

Title

Date

Author

1730-3Landscaping with Native Plants of the Intermountain Region2003Parkinson
1730-2Biological Soil Crusts: Ecology and Management2001Belnap
1730-1Measuring and Monitoring Plant Populations1998Elzinga

 

Integrated Resource Data

Tech. Ref.

Title

DateAuthor
1731-1Mineral Deposit Types: Know Their Characteristics1986Fisher and Juilland

 

Inventory and Monitoring Coordination

Tech. Ref.

Title

DateAuthor
1734-8Monitoring Manual for Grassland, Shrubland and Savanna Ecosystems: Volume 1; Volume 22009Herrick
1734-7Ecological Site Inventory (includes IB ST-2002-106)
Please read this note
2001Habich
1734-6 rev.Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health [Version 4]rev. 2005Pellant
1734-4Sampling Vegetation Attributes [Supersedes BLM Technical Reference 4400-4]1996Interagency
1734-3Utilization Studies and Residual Measurements [Supersedes BLM Technical Reference 4400-3]1996Interagency

 

Riparian Area Management

Tech. Ref.

Title

Date

Author

1737-23

Multiple Indicator Monitoring
Errata Sheet and Label
Additional supporting documents:
Data Entry Module (.xls) - 2013 version
Data Analysis Module (.xlsm) - updated 2014
Data Analysis Module Instructions (.docx) - updated 2014
Statistical Analysis Module (.xlsm) - updated 2014
Access Database (.mdb) - 2010 version

rev. 2011Burton
1737-22Riparian Restoration [USFS Report 0423-1201-SDTDC]2004Eubanks
1737-21Riparian and Wetland Classification [Supercedes TR-1737-5]2005Gebhardt
1737-20Grazing Management Processes and Strategies for Riparian-Wetland Areas2006Wyman
1737-19Riparian-Wetland Soils2003Lewis
1737-18Managing for Enhancement of Riparian and Wetland Areas of the Western United States: An Annotated Bibliography [USFS GTR-RMRS-54; supercedes TR-1737-1]2000Koehler and Thomas
1737-17A Guide to Managing, Restoring, and Conserving Springs in the Western United States2001Silvey
1737-16A User Guide to Assess Proper Functioning Condition and the Supporting Science for Lentic Areas [Supplements TR-1737-11]rev. 2003Prichard
1737-15A User Guide to Assess Proper Functioning Condition and the Supporting Science for Lotic Areas [Supplements TR-1737-9]1998Prichard
1737-14Riparian Area Management: Grazing Management for Riparian-Wetland Areas [Supercedes TR-1737-4]1997Leonard
1737-13Observing Physical and Biological Change Through Historical Photographs [Out of print]1996Hindley
1737-12Using Aerial Photographs to Assess Proper Functioning Condition of Riparian-Wetland Areas1996Prichard
1737-11Process for Assessing Proper Functioning Condition for Lentic Riparian-Wetland Areas1994Prichard
1737-11SAdministración de áreas ribereñas: Proceso para evaluar la condición de funcionamiento adecuado de las áreas lénticas ribereñas y pantanosas1994Prichard
1737-10Riparian Area Management: The Use of Aerial Photography to Manage Riparian-Wetland Areas [Supercedes TR-1737-2]rev. 2001Clemmer
1737-9Riparian Area Management: Process for Assessing Proper Functioning Conditionrev. 1998Prichard
1737-9SAdministración de áreas ribereñas, proceso para evaluar la condición de funcionamiento adecuadorev. 1995Prichard
1737-8 2nd ed.Monitoring the Vegetation Resources in Riparian Areas [USFS GTR-47; supercedes TR-1737-8 1993 version]2000Winward
1737-8Riparian Area Management: Greenline Riparian-Wetland Monitoring [Updated by USFS GTR-47, see above1993Cagney
1737-7Riparian Area Management: Procedures for Ecological Site Inventory with Special Reference to Riparian-Wetland Sites1992Leonard
1737-6Riparian Area Management: Management Techniques in Riparian Areas1992Smith
1737-5Riparian and Wetland Classification Review [Superceded by TR-1737-21]1990Prichard
1737-4Riparian Area Management: Grazing Management in Riparian Areas [Out of print; superceded by TR-1737-14]1989Kinch
1737-3Riparian Area Management: Inventory and Monitoring of Riparian Areas [Out of print]1989Myers
1737-2Riparian Area Management: The Use of Aerial Photography to Inventory and Monitor Riparian Areas [Out of print; superceded by TR-1737-10]1987Batson
1737-1Riparian Area Management: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography of Riparian Area Management [Superceded by TR-1737-18]1987Boyd

 

Stream Channel Cross Section Surveys and Data Analysis

Tech Ref

Title

DateAuthor
4341-1Stream Channel Cross Section Surveys and Data Analysis: A Handbook for Using the CHANL and MCHANL Computer Programs and Gathering the Necessary Field Data [Superceded by BLM Tech. Note 387, XSPRO: A Channel Cross-Section Analyzer]1985Parsons

 

Rangeland Inventory Monitoring and Evaluation

Tech Ref

Title

DateAuthor
4400-9Rangeland Inventory and Monitoring: Selected Bibliography of Remote Sensing Applications1986BLM
4400-8Statistical Considerations in Rangeland Monitoring1992Martinson
4400-7Rangeland Monitoring: Analysis, Interpretation and Evaluation1985BLM
4400-5Rangeland Inventory and Monitoring: Supplemental Studies1992Habich
4400-4Rangeland Monitoring: Trend Studies [Superceded by TR-1734-4]1985Habich
4400-3Rangeland Monitoring: Utilization Studies [Superceded by TR-1734-3]1984BLM
4400-2Rangeland Monitoring: Actual Use Studies1984BLM
4400-1Rangeland Monitoring: Planning for Monitoring [Out of print; this information is included in BLM Handbook H-4400-1, Rangeland Monitoring and Evaluation]1984BLM

 

Roads

Tech Ref

Title

DateAuthor
9113-1Planning and Conducting Route Inventories; Errata Sheet2006Graves

 

 

Note about Information Bulletin ST-2002-106:

Since December 1982, ecological site inventory (ESI) has been the BLM’s standard vegetation inventory technique. ESI involves the use of soils information to map ecological sites and plant communities; in addition, natural resource and vegetation attributes are measured.

The purpose of Technical Reference 1734-7, Ecological Site Inventory, is to identify the procedures for completing an ESI and to describe the technique used by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to document and describe ecological sites. Technical Reference 1734-7 replaces previous guidance found in BLM Handbook 4410-1.

Natural resource inventories are mandated by Congress in Section 201(a) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (FLPMA) of 1976. Congress reaffirmed this mandate in Section 4 of the Public Rangelands Improvement Act (PRIA) of 1978; in particular, to develop and maintain an inventory of range condition and trends on public rangelands, and to keep that inventory updated on a regular basis. ESI is intended to satisfy that mandate.

The copy of Technical Reference 1734-7 linked from this page includes Information Bulletin ST-2002-106. This information bulletin describes methods for determining plot-based aboveground vegetation production and serves to clarify inconsistencies between Technical Reference 1734-7 and BLM’s National Range Handbook H-4410-1.

 

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