What Lands are Available for Sale
Only public lands that have been identified as potentially suitable for disposal in an approved land use plan or through an amendment to an existing plan can be made available for sale. To qualify as FLTFA sale under which the receipts go into the special account, the land use plan or amendment must have been approved prior to passage of the Act on July 25, 2000.
To determine what public lands have been identified as potentially suitable for disposal in a specific area, you should contact the BLM Field Office that has jurisdiction over the area you are interested in. Interested parties may request that certain lands be put up for sale. However, even though lands may have been identified for potential disposal in a land use plan, there are still many procedural requirements that BLM must complete before the lands can be offered for sale. These processes and legal requirements can be costly and time consuming for BLM, and in some cases can result in a decision to not sell the land.
How Public Lands are Sold
In most cases, public lands that have been cleared for disposal will be offered through a competitive sale process, consistent with the provisions of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act. Lands will be offered to qualified interested parties through a competitive bidding process which may include written sealed bidding, oral bidding, or a combination of both. In any case, the successful bidder will be required to submit no less than 1/5th of the total amount bid at the conclusion of the sale and the remainder of the bid amount within 180 days from the sale date.
The specific details of any upcoming sales will be provided in a Notice of Realty Action (NORA) that will be published in the Federal Register and in local newspapers at least 60 days in advance of a scheduled sale. Published Notices of any upcoming sales can also be viewed below. Parcel specific information may be obtained from the BLM Field Office noted in the NORA.
Public lands can also be sold through modified competitive or non-competitive procedures. Under these types of sales, BLM may limit who will be allowed to bid on a parcel or specify certain persons who may be provided an opportunity to meet the high bid. Sales of this type must meet specific criteria and are generally used only in cases where BLM determines it necessary to protect on-going uses on the lands or on the adjoining private lands; avoid dislocation of existing users; meet the needs to State and/or local governments or non-profit corporations; and/or resolve unauthorized use or occupancy. The specific procedures for each modified competitive and non-competitive sale action will vary and will be outlined in the NORA for that sale.