Principle #1: Plan Ahead and Prepare. Adequate trip planning and preparation helps backcounty travelers accomplish trip goals safely and enjoyably, while simultaneously minimizing damage to the land.
Principle #2: Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces Travel on Durable Surfaces: The goal of back try travel is to move through the backcountry while avoiding damage to the land. Understanding how travel causes impacts is necessary to accomplish this goal.
Principle #3: Pack it in, Pack it out Pack It In, Pack It Out:. This common saying is a simple yet effective way to get backcountry visitors to take their trash home with them. There is no reason why people cannot carry out of the backcountry the extra food and packing materials which they carried in with them in the first place. The litter situation in many backcountry areas is better than it was 10-20 years ago; however, litter continues to be a problem. Though most trash and litter in the backcountry is not significant in terms of the long term ecological health of an area, it does rank high as a problem in the minds of many backcountry visitors. Trash and litter are primarily social impacts which can greatly detract from the naturalness of an area.
Principle #4: Properly Dispose What You Can't Pack Out Proper disposal of human waste is important to avoid pollution of water sources, avoid the negative implications of someone else finding it, minimize the possibility of spreading disease, and maximize the rate of decomposition.