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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT

Table Rocks

Cultural History

Regional Tribes

According to distinctive dart and projectile points found in the Rogue River Valley archaeologists estimate that people have lived in this valley for 10- 15,000 years. Two Native American communities of completely different languages shared territory in the valley. more>>

Seasonal Rounds

One of the most significant differences between the Native Americans of the Rogue Valley and the Euro-Americans who came to "settle" the region had to do with the acquisition of food. The settlers were an agricultural people in contrast to the indigenous tribes whose hunter-gatherer lifestyles were based on moving throughout the region as wild food resources became available and abundant. This subsistence pattern, known as the Seasonal Round, required access to a large tract of land, extensive knowledge of the cycles of the native plants and animals that lived and grew there and a belief system that prevented the overuse of these limited resources. more>>

Takelma Culture

To the Takelma tribe that lived here, the Rogue Valley was not just their home; it was what defined them as a culture and a people. Eevery bit of food they ate, every article of clothing they wore and every object they crafted were directly related to their immediate surroundings. Few of them ever set foot out of this region and so from birth until death, everything they did was associated with the landscape that made up the Rogue Valley. more>>

Anthropogenic Fire

Although the Takelma did not have agriculture or domesticated plants or animals, they did intensively manage the land. Their main land management tool was fire. Native Americans would set fires in the cool months of fall to manage the land and protect important areas from large scale fires. By setting small fires, the fuels (logs, twigs, brush) were decreased and large scale fires would not occur in that area. Native Americans would protect their semi-permanent homes and medicinal or nutritional plants in this manner. more>>

Takelma Now

Virtually all of the surviving tribal members were relocated to reservations in northwestern Oregon in 1856 following the Rogue Indian Wars. Today, their descendants are members of the Confederated Tribes of Siletz and Grand Ronde. more>>