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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT

Oregon / Washington

Kabba Texas Mine

Archaeological site

Hiram "Okanogan" Smith originally claimed the Caaba Mine in 1891. Okanogan Smith was one of Central Washington earliest pioneers arriving at Lake Osoyoos around 1860. Okanogan was a colorful character whose interests besides mining included ranching and storekeeping as well as planting the first orchard in the Okanogan Valley. He later served as representative to the Washington territorial legislature.

The mine's most successful years were during World War II when it produced lead and zinc for the war effort. Today the head frame still stands, seen against the backdrop of the Chopaka Mountain as a reminder of mining which was once so common in the Similkameen Valley.