Energy and Minerals
Maintain exploration and development opportunities for leasable and locatable energy and mineral resources.
Provide opportunities for extraction of salable minerals by other government entities, private industry, individuals, and nonprofit organizations.
Continue to make available mineral resources on the reserved Federal mineral estate.
Land Use Allocations
All Minerals - The reserved Federal mineral estate (Federal minerals underlying nonfederal surface estate) will continue to be open for mineral exploration and development.
Leasable Minerals - Lands under Fern Ridge and Lookout Point Reservoir will be opened to oil and gas and geothermal leasing. By law, all lands within city limits, including the Danebo Office site, some of the West Eugene Wetlands Project lands, and a 40-acre tract north of Florence, Oregon, are closed to oil and gas leasing. The Dorena Seed Orchard and other acquired lands (including the Walton Maintenance Site) will be open to mineral leasing. All other lands in the operating area will be open for oil and gas or geothermal leasing (refer to Map 7).
Locatable Minerals - Lands under Fall Creek, Fern Ridge, and Lookout Point Reservoirs, and the Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) will remain closed to locatable mineral entry. Lands with acquired land status such as the Walton Maintenance Site and the Dorena Seed Orchard are closed to locatable mineral entry by law. The Tyrrell Seed Orchard; Danebo Office Site and other West Eugene Wetlands Project lands; Recreation & Public Purposes (R&PP) leases; existing and future Recreation Sites; Special Areas; the Whites Creek Maintenance Site; and McGowan Environmental Education Area (EEA) will be closed to future locatable mineral entry. Portions of the Row River Special Recreation Management Area (SRMA), Lower and Upper Lake Creek SRMAs, and McKenzie River SRMA will be closed to future locatable mineral entry, subject to valid existing rights. All other lands in the operating area will be open for locatable mineral exploration and development (refer to Map 8).
Salable Minerals - Lands under Fall Creek, Fern Ridge, and Lookout Point Reservoirs will be closed to salable mineral disposals. The Oregon Islands NWR; Danebo Office Site; Walton and Whites Creek Maintenance Sites; Tyrrell and Dorena Seed Orchards; progeny test sites; Regional Forest Nutritional Study Installations; R&PP leases; Recreation Sites; Special Areas (except Low Elevation Headwaters of the McKenzie River); great blue heron rookeries and osprey nest sites will also be closed to salable mineral development. All other lands in the operating area will be open for salable mineral development if such development does not conflict with directives requiring protection of other surface resources (refer to Map 9).
General - See Tables 13, 13a, 14, and 15 for acres affected by the following Management Actions/Direction and for restrictions on energy and mineral activities. The acreages given in these tables are approximate. Overlapping restrictions from different land use allocations have been considered and, where this occurs, the most restrictive constraint was used. See Appendix G for leasing stipulations and Appendix H for operating standards pertinent to locatable minerals. Salable minerals will be managed consistent with Appendix I.
Management Actions/Direction for Riparian Reserves
The following management actions/direction differ from the standards and guidelines in the SEIS/ROD, since the standards and guidelines are not all implementable under current laws and regulations. The stronger standards and guidelines in the SEIS/ROD will be adopted at such time as changes in current laws and/or regulations authorize their implementation. The Standards and Guidelines from the SEIS/ROD are referenced in Appendix A.
Any proposed locatable mining operation in Riparian Reserves, other than notice level or casual use, require the following actions by the operator to be consistent with 43 CFR 3809:
Prepare a Plan of Operations, including a reclamation plan and reclamation bond for all mining operations in Riparian Reserves. Such plans and bonds will address the costs of removing facilities, equipment, and materials; recontouring of disturbed areas to an approved topography; isolating and neutralizing or removing toxic or potentially toxic materials; salvaging and replacing topsoil; and revegetating to meet Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives.
Locate structures, support facilities, and roads outside Riparian Reserves. If no alternative to siting facilities in Riparian Reserves exists, locate in a way compatible with Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives. Road construction will be kept to the minimum necessary for the approved mineral activity. Roads will be constructed and maintained to meet road management standards and to minimize damage to resources in Riparian Reserves. When a road is no longer required for mineral or land management activities, it will be reclaimed. In any case, access roads will be constructed consistent with 43 CFR 3809 and acceptable road construction standards and will minimize damage to resources in Riparian Reserves.
Avoid locating solid and sanitary waste facilities in Riparian Reserves. If no alternative to locating mine waste (waste rock, spent ore, tailings) facilities in Riparian Reserves exists, and releases can be prevented, and stability can be ensured, then:
Require reclamation bonds adequate to ensure chemical and physical stability and to meet Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives.
Where an existing operator is in noncompliance at the notice level (i.e., causing unnecessary or undue degradation), require actions similar to those stated above to meet the intent of 43 CFR 3809.
For leasable minerals, prohibit surface occupancy for oil, gas, and geothermal exploration and development activities where leases do not exist. Where possible, adjust the stipulations in existing leases to eliminate impacts that retard or prevent the attainment of Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives consistent with existing lease terms and stipulations.
Allow development of salable minerals, such as sand and gravel, within Riparian Reserves only if Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives can be met.
Develop inspection and monitoring requirements and include such requirements in exploration and mining plans and in leases or permits consistent with existing laws and regulations. Evaluate the results of inspection and monitoring to determine if modification of plans, leases and permits is needed to eliminate impacts that retard or prevent attainment of Aquatic Conservation Strategy objectives.
Management Actions/Direction for Late-Successional Reserves
Assess the impacts of ongoing and proposed mining activities in Late-Successional Reserves.
Include stipulations in mineral leases and, when legally possible, require operational constraints for locatable mineral activities to minimize detrimental effects on late-successional habitat.
Management Actions/Direction for All Land Use Allocations
All Minerals - Conveyances of mineral estate owned by the United States where the surface is or will be in non-Federal ownership could be made to the existing or proposed owner of the surface estate consistent with FLPMA Section 209(b). This determination must find that there are no known mineral values in the land, or that the reservation of mineral rights in the United States would interfere with or preclude nonmineral development of the land, and that such development is a more beneficial use of the land than mineral development.
The consolidation of the surface and mineral estates on split estate lands will be pursued through exchange, purchase, or any other legal means available.
Land obtained under future land exchanges, donations or other means of acquisition will be managed with regard to leasable, locatable, and salable minerals in the same manner as those lands with comparable resource values.
Leasable Minerals - All lands open to mineral leasing will be subject to the standard lease terms, a lease notice for cultural resources, and the Special Status Species special leasing stipulation shown in Appendix G.
Some areas will also be leased subject to additional special leasing stipulations.
Appendix G describes provisions for exceptions, modifications or waivers of these special leasing stipulations. No Surface Occupancy stipulations will be used rather than not leasing, on certain parcels where any surface disturbance would be unacceptable. Lands under Fern Ridge, Lookout Point, and Fall Creek Reservoirs, Oregon Islands NWR, the Tyrrell and Dorena Seed Orchards, Walton and Whites Creek Maintenance Sites, Land Use Authorizations, Recreation Sites, Special Areas, Riparian Reserves, and great blue heron rookeries and osprey nest sites will be leased subject to no surface occupancy. A Timing stipulation will be utilized on a parcel with mineral springs frequented seasonally by the band-tailed pigeon. Controlled Surface Use stipulations will be used to prevent excessive soil erosion, control visual impacts, protect or restore old growth forest, or enhance recreational opportunities. Lands with fragile soils, VRM Class II lands, Special Recreation Management Areas, Late-Successional Reserves, and Suitable and Eligible Recreational Rivers will be subject to the controlled surface use stipulations. A Controlled Surface Use stipulation is used instead of the more restrictive No Surface Occupancy stipulation because there are existing roads through these tracts and leasable mineral exploration and development could be conducted using these roads.
Locatable Minerals - Mining activities on lands open to locatable mineral entry will be regulated under 43 CFR 3809 to prevent unnecessary or undue degradation of the public lands. All surface disturbance from such operations will be reclaimed at the earliest feasible time. Operating standards for locatable mineral activities are described in Appendix H.
If the McKenzie A, Siuslaw B, and Siuslaw C river segments are designated as recreational rivers under the Wild & Scenic Rivers Act, locatable mineral operations will be required to be conducted to minimize unnecessary surface disturbance, sedimentation, pollution, and visual impairment, based on guidance in BLM Manual 8351.5(c)(2)(d). Until these segments are designated by Congress, locatable mineral operations must be conducted in a manner to prevent unnecessary and undue degradation, as required under the regulations in 43 CFR 3809.
Salable Minerals - The public demand for salable minerals will be met from the 12 existing designated community pits or the 63 other quarries not yet designated as community pits. New common use areas or community pits could be designated and developed if consistent with the management objectives of other resource values. Great blue heron rookeries, osprey nest sites, McKenzie A, Siuslaw B, and Siuslaw C river segments (if designated as recreational rivers) will be closed to salable mineral development unless the Authorized Officer determines that impacts from a proposed development are acceptable or can be adequately mitigated. Salable mineral resources within SRMAs and the Low Elevation Headwaters of the McKenzie River Special Area may be utilized if the impacts of the proposed use are acceptable to the Authorized Officer. Salable mineral resources in Riparian Reserves may be utilized if the impacts of the proposed development meet the Aquatic Conservation Strategy. Salable mineral resources within Late- Successional Reserves may be utilized if the impacts from the proposed use are acceptable or can be adequately mitigated. Federally listed and proposed threatened and endangered, Federal Candidate, and Bureau Sensitive species will be protected at salable mineral sites. Seasonal restrictions will be utilized near mineral springs frequented by the band-tailed pigeon. General guidelines for the development of salable mineral resources are found in Appendix I.
Contracts for mineral materials, including commercial use of petrified wood, will be issued pursuant to the 43 CFR 3604 or 3610 regulations where the disposal is deemed to be in the public interest. Free Use Permits (FUP) are considered on a case-by-case basis and issued at the discretion of the Authorized Officer. Free use of petrified wood for noncommercial purposes is permitted pursuant to the regulations in 43 CFR 3622.
Reclamation of salable mineral sites will be conducted at the earliest feasible time after the site is depleted of usable mineral materials.